Centreville, Virginia

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Centreville, Virginia
Aerial view of SR 28 (bottom), I-66 (left) and US 29 (right) in Centreville
Aerial view of SR 28 (bottom), I-66 (left) and US 29 (right) in Centreville
Location of Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia
Location of Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia
Centreville, Virginia is located in Northern Virginia
Centreville, Virginia
Centreville, Virginia
Location of Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia
Centreville, Virginia is located in Virginia
Centreville, Virginia
Centreville, Virginia
Centreville, Virginia (Virginia)
Centreville, Virginia is located in the United States
Centreville, Virginia
Centreville, Virginia
Centreville, Virginia (the United States)
Coordinates: 38°50′33″N 77°26′33″W / 38.84250°N 77.44250°W / 38.84250; -77.44250Coordinates: 38°50′33″N 77°26′33″W / 38.84250°N 77.44250°W / 38.84250; -77.44250
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyFairfax
Area
 • Census-designated Place (CDP)12.04 sq mi (31.2 km2)
 • Land11.93 sq mi (30.9 km2)
 • Water.12 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
383 ft (117 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Census-designated Place (CDP)71,135
 • Density5,908/sq mi (2,281/km2)
 • Urban
4,190,000
 • Metro
5,139,549
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
20120-20122
Area code(s)703, 571
FIPS code51-14440[1]
GNIS feature ID1491083[2]

Centreville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States and a suburb of Washington, D.C. The population was 71,135 at the 2010 census.[3] Centreville is approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of Washington, D.C.

History[edit]

Colonial period[edit]

Beginning in the 1760s, the area was known as Newgate due to the popularity of the conveniently-located Newgate tavern. William Carr Lane operated the tavern and was co-proprietor of a nearby store with James Lane, Jr.[4] The Lanes sold convicted servants, which may explain why the tavern had the same name as a London prison.[5] The small stream that passed near the tavern was named the River Thames, another London association.[6] Another reason for it being named Newgate, was the fact that it was a "new gate" to the western territories.

Federal period[edit]

The town of Centerville (shortly thereafter spelled Centreville) was established in 1792 on the turnpike road at the village of Newgate by the Virginia General Assembly in response to petitions by local landowners.[7] The petitioners reasoned that a town on the turnpike road leading from the Northwest Territory and centrally located to Alexandria, Colchester, Dumfries, Middleburg, George Town (later Georgetown), Fauquier Court House (later Warrenton), and Leesburg would be convenient. The town acquired its name due to its central location. James Hardage Lane, one of the landowners, conceived the idea of the town as a way to provide financial support to his widow and their children.[8] At the town's inception, it was within the boundary of Loudoun County, Virginia, and became part of Fairfax County, Virginia, in 1798 when the boundary between the two counties shifted.[9]

Town development established a pattern of mixed residential and commercial use. Frame houses, several taverns, stores, blacksmith shops, tanyards, and a school house were constructed on the 1/2-acre town lots.

Civil War[edit]

Main street and church guarded by Union soldiers, Centreville, Virginia, May 1862. #302 Photograph by Civil War photographers George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson
"Departure from the old Homestead" Pro-union refugees, Centreville, Virginia, 1862. #306 Photograph by George N. Barnard.

In the Civil War, several battles were fought nearby including the First Battle of Manassas, the Second Battle of Manassas, and the Battle of Chantilly. During the winter of 1861 and early 1862 the town was significantly fortified by the Confederacy and served as a supply depot for both sides at various points in the war, and is famous for being the site of the construction of the first railroad ever built exclusively for military use, the Centreville Military Railroad. Centreville was of significant strategic value due to its proximity to several important roads, while its position atop a high ridge provided a commanding view of the surrounding area. The town was frequently associated with Confederate Colonel John S. Mosby, whose partisan rangers used its hillsides and farms as a base of operations, leading to the sobriquet "Mosby's Confederacy".[citation needed]

Modern[edit]

In 1943, Centreville was a small town.[citation needed] As in much of Northern Virginia, Centreville experienced sustained population growth in the 1990s and 2000s.

Geography[edit]

Location of Centreville, Virginia

Centreville is located at 38°50′33″N 77°26′33″W / 38.84250°N 77.44250°W / 38.84250; -77.44250 (38.842470, −77.442621).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau (2010), the CDP has a total area of 12.04 square miles (31.2 km2), 99% of it land.

Climate[edit]

Like Washington D.C., Centreville features a mid-latitude, four seasons version of the humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa), typical of the Mid-Atlantic region, including strong hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa) influences under the Köppen system. Winters are chilly and damp, with frost at night and some snow, while summers are hot and wet, with subtropical temperatures although these temperatures are hardly more bearable than in the south.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
84
(29)
93
(34)
95
(35)
99
(37)
104
(40)
106
(41)
106
(41)
104
(40)
98
(37)
86
(30)
79
(26)
106
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 66.7
(19.3)
68.1
(20.1)
77.3
(25.2)
86.4
(30.2)
91.0
(32.8)
95.7
(35.4)
98.1
(36.7)
96.5
(35.8)
91.9
(33.3)
84.5
(29.2)
74.8
(23.8)
67.1
(19.5)
99.1
(37.3)
Average high °F (°C) 44.8
(7.1)
48.3
(9.1)
56.5
(13.6)
68.0
(20.0)
76.5
(24.7)
85.1
(29.5)
89.6
(32.0)
87.8
(31.0)
80.7
(27.1)
69.4
(20.8)
58.2
(14.6)
48.8
(9.3)
67.8
(19.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 37.5
(3.1)
40.0
(4.4)
47.6
(8.7)
58.2
(14.6)
67.2
(19.6)
76.3
(24.6)
81.0
(27.2)
79.4
(26.3)
72.4
(22.4)
60.8
(16.0)
49.9
(9.9)
41.7
(5.4)
59.3
(15.2)
Average low °F (°C) 30.1
(−1.1)
31.8
(−0.1)
38.6
(3.7)
48.4
(9.1)
58.0
(14.4)
67.5
(19.7)
72.4
(22.4)
71.0
(21.7)
64.1
(17.8)
52.2
(11.2)
41.6
(5.3)
34.5
(1.4)
50.9
(10.5)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 14.3
(−9.8)
16.9
(−8.4)
23.4
(−4.8)
34.9
(1.6)
45.5
(7.5)
55.7
(13.2)
63.8
(17.7)
62.1
(16.7)
51.3
(10.7)
38.7
(3.7)
28.8
(−1.8)
21.3
(−5.9)
12.3
(−10.9)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(−26)
−15
(−26)
4
(−16)
15
(−9)
33
(1)
43
(6)
52
(11)
49
(9)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
11
(−12)
−13
(−25)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.86
(73)
2.62
(67)
3.50
(89)
3.21
(82)
3.94
(100)
4.20
(107)
4.33
(110)
3.25
(83)
3.93
(100)
3.66
(93)
2.91
(74)
3.41
(87)
41.82
(1,062)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.9
(12)
5.0
(13)
2.0
(5.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.7
(4.3)
13.7
(35)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.7 9.3 11.0 10.8 11.6 10.6 10.5 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.4 10.1 117.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.8 2.7 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.3 8.0
Average relative humidity (%) 62.1 60.5 58.6 58.0 64.5 65.8 66.9 69.3 69.7 67.4 64.7 64.1 64.3
Average dew point °F (°C) 21.7
(−5.7)
23.5
(−4.7)
31.3
(−0.4)
39.7
(4.3)
52.3
(11.3)
61.5
(16.4)
66.0
(18.9)
65.8
(18.8)
59.5
(15.3)
47.5
(8.6)
37.0
(2.8)
27.1
(−2.7)
44.4
(6.9)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 144.6 151.8 204.0 228.2 260.5 283.2 280.5 263.1 225.0 203.6 150.2 133.0 2,527.7
Mean daily daylight hours 9.8 10.8 12.0 13.3 14.3 14.9 14.6 13.6 12.4 11.2 10.1 9.5 12.2
Percent possible sunshine 48 50 55 57 59 64 62 62 60 59 50 45 57
Average ultraviolet index 2 3 5 7 8 9 9 8 7 4 3 2 6
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961−1990)[12][13][14][15]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV and daylight hours)[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19807,473
199026,585255.7%
200049,78987.3%
201071,13542.9%
source:[17][18]

As of the 2010 census,[1] there is a population of 71,135 people and 25,516 households in the CDP. The population density was 5,908/sq mi people per square mile (2,281/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 57.0% White, 25.7% Asian, 7.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latinos of any race were 13.4% of the population.

According to the 2000 census, there were 21,789 households, out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 43.7% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

According to a 2007 estimate,[19] the median income for a household in the CDP was $87,932, and the median income for a family was $105,803. Males had a median income of $70,123 versus $41,117 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $40,878. About 2.0% of families and 1.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

US 29 in Centreville

Centreville is served by three major roads. U.S. Route 29, the main artery through the town, enters Centreville from the west. Virginia Route 28 enters from the south and interchanges with U.S. Route 29 in between Centreville's two main shopping centers. SR 620 (Braddock Road) has several stretches of pavement in Centreville. Interstate 66 comes from the south-west and interchanges with both routes before heading toward Washington, D.C. in the east or western Virginia. The three roads are part of an interesting, if not frustrating traffic pattern. Drivers heading north on SR 28 are able to exit onto Interstate 66 eastbound, but they must use a one-mile (1.6 km) stretch of US 29 to access the westbound side of the Interstate. Likewise, eastbound Interstate 66's Exit 53 only provides access to SR 28 northbound; one must use Exit 52 and the same stretch of US 29 to reach SR 28 south.[20]

The area is served by several Fairfax Connector bus routes connecting to the Metrorail system: 640, 641, 642.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Residents of Centreville are zoned to schools in the Fairfax County Public Schools.

Centreville has two middle schools, Liberty Middle School and Ormond Stone Middle School. Some Centreville middle school students also go to Rocky Run Middle School.

Centreville High School, which is located within the postal boundaries of Clifton, serves much of Centreville. Some of Centreville is served by Chantilly High School and by Westfield High School, the latter opening in 2000. Both Chantilly High School and Westfield High School are located in Chantilly.

The only high school still within Centreville proper is Mountain View Alternative High School. It occupies the building formerly used by Centreville Elementary School.

Although a Loudoun County school, Cardinal Ridge Elementary has a Centreville address.

Public libraries[edit]

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Centreville Regional Library in the CDP.[25][26]

Nearby towns, communities, etc.[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ Official records for Washington, D.C. were kept at 24th and M Streets NW from January 1871 to June 1945, and at Reagan National Airport since July 1945.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ U.S. Census website website at factfinder2.census.gov. Accessed 2011-09-09.
  4. ^ William Carr Lane obtained an ordinary (tavern) license in 1768, Loudoun County Court Order Book of 1768.
  5. ^ Virginia Gazette, Publisher: Rind, p.2, col.3, 1771-01-17 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-27. Retrieved 2009-07-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Town plat, Library of Virginia
  7. ^ John Stuart Alexander, and Others, Legislative Petitions, Loudoun County, October 3, 1792, Reel 111, Box 142, Folder 39, Library of Virginia. (Second petition)
  8. ^ John Stuart Alexander, and Others, Legislative Petitions, Fairfax County, November 20, 1790, Reel 49, Box 69, Folder 36, Library of Virginia
  9. ^ Sweig, Donald (1992). Fairfax County Virginia: A History. Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, Fairfax, Virginia, p.45. ISBN 0-9601630-1-8
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Threaded Station Extremes". threadex.rcc-acis.org.
  12. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  13. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  14. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for WASHINGTON DC/NATIONAL ARPT VA 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  15. ^ Rogers, Matt (1 April 2015). "April outlook: Winter be gone! First half of month looks warmer than average". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2021. For reference, here are the 30-year climatology benchmarks for Reagan National Airport for April, along with our projections for the coming month:...Average snowfall: Trace; Forecast: 0 to trace
  16. ^ d.o.o, Yu Media Group. "Washington, DC - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast". Weather Atlas. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  17. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  18. ^ Population recorded when the census tabulated figures of unincorporated places for the first time. 1880 Census of Population
  19. ^ Centreville CDP, Virginia – Fact Sheet Archived 2020-02-11 at archive.today. American FactFinder. US Census Bureau.
  20. ^ Layla Wilder, Loudoun Times, Frey OKs Route 28 median Archived 2008-01-28 at the Wayback Machine 12 April 2007; accessed 13 October 2007
  21. ^ "CHEM 321 - Quantitative Chemical Analysis". gmu.edu. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  22. ^ "Ludacris tells Lindsay Czarniak that he attended Centreville High School for a year". Washington Post.
  23. ^ "Scott Secules". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  24. ^ BaseballAmerica – stats for Brandon Snyder
  25. ^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  26. ^ "Centreville CDP, Virginia[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.