|Common snook, Centropomus undecimalis|
Centropomidae is a family of freshwater and marine fishes in the Perciformes. The sole genus in the family is Centropomus, known commonly as the snooks or robalos. Prior to 2004, three other genera were placed in Centropomidae in subfamily Latinae, which has since been raised to the family level and renamed Latidae because a cladistic analysis showed the old Centropomidae to be paraphyletic, leaving Centropomus as the only remaining genus in this family. These are popular game and food fishes.
Dating from the upper Cretaceous, the centropomids are of typical percoid shape, distinguished by having two-part dorsal fins, a lateral line that extends onto the tail, and, frequently, a concave shape to the head. They range from 35 to 120 cm (14 to 47 in) in length and are found in tropical and subtropical waters.
The currently recognized species in this genus are:
- Centropomus armatus T. N. Gill, 1863 (armed snook)
- Centropomus ensiferus Poey, 1860 (swordspine snook)
- Centropomus medius Günther, 1864 (blackfin snook)
- Centropomus mexicanus Bocourt, 1868 (largescale fat snook)
- Centropomus nigrescens Günther, 1864 (black snook)
- Centropomus parallelus Poey, 1860 (fat snook)
- Centropomus pectinatus Poey, 1860 (tarpon snook)
- Centropomus poeyi Chávez, 1961 (Mexican snook)
- Centropomus robalito D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882 (yellowfin snook)
- Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792) (common snook)
- Centropomus unionensis Bocourt, 1868 (union snook)
- Centropomus viridis Lockington, 1877 (white snook)
Timeline of genera
- Centropomus. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
- Johnson, G.D.; Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N., eds. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 186. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Centropomus in FishBase. February 2013 version.
- Otero, O. (May 2004). "Anatomy, systematics and phylogeny of both Recent and fossil latid fishes (Teleostei, Perciformes, Latidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141 (1). doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00111.x. Retrieved 2006-08-15.
- Sepkoski, J. (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. Retrieved 2011-05-19.