Thielert Centurion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Centurion Engines)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Centurion
Thielert Centurion 4.0 f.jpg
Thielert Centurion 4.0
Type Aircraft Diesel engine
Manufacturer Thielert
Major applications Diamond DA42

The Thielert Centurion is a series of Diesel cycle aircraft engines for general aviation originally built by Thielert, which was bought by Aviation Industry Corporation of China's Tecnify Motors subsidiary and is currently marketed by Continental Motors.[1] They are based on heavily modified Mercedes-Benz automotive engines.

Design[edit]

All Centurion engines are water-cooled, turbocharged, and employ a single-lever digital engine management system (FADEC). This simplifies engine management for the pilot, as well as improving reliability as it prevents the engine being operated improperly. The series utilizes either jet fuel or diesel fuel. The high compression ratio of the engine combined with the digitally controlled fuel injection system mirrors similar advances in automotive technology.[citation needed]

Centurion series engines are always fitted with constant speed propellers which allow the engine to be operated at optimum speed at all times. However, the normal operating speed is too high for any suitable propeller and so the propeller is driven through a reduction gearbox. The constant speed propeller and reduction gear result in a propeller tip speed that is 10-15% lower than comparable conventional avgas engines, reducing propeller noise.[citation needed]

The Diesel engine's high compression results in better fuel efficiency and the higher operating rpm of the Centurion allows higher power to be developed from a smaller displacement, in comparison to conventional aircraft piston engines.[citation needed]

A Centurion engine complete with CSU, reduction gearbox, turbocharger and FADEC engine management system is considerably heavier than the more conventional Continental and Lycoming engines with which it competes, but this weight disadvantage is compensated by the Centurion's lower fuel consumption. Even though they lack the magnetos and spark plugs of conventional petrol (gas) piston engines, Centurion engines are considerably more complex.[citation needed][2]

Variants[edit]

Centurion 1.7 installation in a Diamond DA42

Centurion 1.7 - Continental CD-135[edit]

The first product introduced by Thielert, a 1689 cm³ (103 in³) engine producing 135 PS (99 kW) is based on the Mercedes-Benz OM668 engine from Mercedes-Benz A-Class A 170 CDI (W168) with 80 mm bore and 84 mm stroke.

The engine produces more power than a Lycoming O-320 above 4,000 ft, can maintain 93 kW (125 hp) till FL120, and burns 17.5 L/h (4.6 US gal/h) in cruise at FL175 for 72 kW (97 hp): 0.194 kg/kW/h (0.319 lb/hp/h).[3]

More than 1,500 Centurion 1.7s had been built until the end of 2006 when it was replaced by the Centurion 2.0. The in-service record of the 1.7 has been poor.[citation needed]

A combination of design, service and support issues caused widespread customer dissatisfaction.[4] Diamond then designed its own Austro Engines as an alternative to Thielert.

The engines were later marketed as the CD-135 by Continental Engines and produced in St. Egidien, Germany before being granted final assembly in Fairhope, Alabama for the U.S. retrofit market in 2015.[5]

Centurion 2.0

Centurion 2.0[edit]

Introduced in late 2006. The main difference is a new Mercedes-Benz OM640 engine cylinder block from the Mercedes-Benz A 200 CDI (W169) with a displacement of 1991 cm3 (Ø83 x 92 mm). Other improvements include a more compact FADEC, a lighter cast gearbox housing, interfaces for glass cockpits and a new service tool that allows the FADEC to be programmed in the field. Dimensions of the Centurion 2.0 and 1.7 are nearly identical and the install kits are compatible, so a 1.7 at the end of its life can be replaced with a 2.0. The Centurion 2.0 is rated for a power output of 135 PS (99 kW), the same as the 1.7, but is EASA and FAA certified for 155 PS (114 kW). It has accumulated more than 1,000,000 flight hours without mechanical failures as of April 2008.

Centurion 2.0 S[edit]

This 4-cylinder turbodiesel common rail direct injection with redundant FADEC control offers 155 PS (114 kW) providing a significant power increase compared to the 135 PS (99 kW) Centurion 2.0 for no additional weight.[6][7] An engine kit may cost $89,000.[2]

Centurion 3.0[edit]

Certified 20 June 2017 by Technify Motors GmbH (application: 19 December 2013), 2987 cm³ V6 four stroke Diesel piston engine with common rail high pressure direct fuel injection, turbocharger, 1:1.66 gearbox and electronic Engine Control Unit. 980 mm Length × 700 mm Height × 790 mm Width, 265 kg dry, 221 kW (300 HP) for 5 min, 202 kW (272 HP) Max. Continuous, both at 3880 rpm (2340 prop rpm)[8] Same dimensions as the Mercedes-Benz OM642.

Centurion 3.2[edit]

Intended to fill the gap between the Centurion 2.0 and the 4.0 and designed to produce 230 hp (172 kW). Development is largely complete, but the project is on hold.[citation needed]
A Centurion 4.0 on display

Centurion 4.0[edit]

The 75° V8 DOHC 4 valves per cylinder was initially equipped with two turbochargers and weighting 283.5 kg (625 lb) dry for 228 kW max (310 hp) till FL80 at 2300 rpm at the propeller, and 176 kW (250 hp) in cruise for 29.5 l (7.8 US gal)/h and 25 l (6.6 US gal)/h at best economy, for 208 g/kW/h (0.342 lb/hp/h), it was planned for a production of 600 per year.[3]

Designed as a larger engine to replace the 300 hp (224 kW) gasoline engines and developed from the Mercedes-Benz OM629 automobile engine, it producesd 350 hp (261 kW) later with a larger single turbocharger.

After the insolvency of Thielert in April 2008 all work on the Centurion 4.0 was frozen.[citation needed]

Continental CD-155[edit]

Is the Continental Motors, Inc. brand name of the Centurion 2.0S with 155 PS (114 kW).[9] The engine must be replaced every 2,100 hours, the gearbox clutch and high-pressure pump have a life limit of 300 hours, the alternators of 600 hours, friction disk of 900 hours, V-ribbed belt of 1,200 hours, alternator excitation battery of 12 months, and fuel, oil, and cooling lines of 60 months.[10]

Continental CD-300[edit]

The Continental brand name of the six cylinder 3 liter Thielert Diesel, with an output of 310 hp (231 kW) at 2300 rpm.[11]

Applications[edit]

Centurion 1.7[edit]

Centurion 2.0[edit]

Centurion 3.2[edit]

Centurion 4.0[edit]

Continental CD-155[edit]

See also[edit]

Comparable engines

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Little diesel big fuel savings". AOPA Pilot: 70. February 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Aero-TV: Doing It Diesel Style -- Glasair's New Diesel Offering" 29 August 2014. Accessed: 3 September 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Development of the CENTURION Jet Fuel Aircraft Engines at TAE" (PDF). 25 April 2003.
  4. ^ Paul Bertorelli (May 29, 2008). "Thielert's Flawed Economics (And Why the Company Knows It)". AVwebinsider.
  5. ^ Elaine Kauh (April 16, 2015). "Continental Motors Group To Assemble Diesel Kits In U.S." AvWeb.
  6. ^ "Featured Engine: Centurion 2.0S". GA Buyer Europe Magazine. December 2009. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  7. ^ "Centurion 2.0s – Jet Fuel Piston Engine with 155 hp". Centurion Engines. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
  8. ^ "type certificate data sheet No. E.104" (PDF). EASA. 20 June 2017. Centurion 3.0 series engines.
  9. ^ Niles, Russ (28 July 2014). "Textron Introduces Diesel 172". AVweb. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  10. ^ Matt Thurber (November 21, 2018). "Pilot Report: Piper Diesel Archer". AIN online.
  11. ^ "Continental Unveils V-6 Diesel - Rebranding Efforts". Sport Aviation: 16. September 2014.
  12. ^ a b Federal Aviation Administration (November 2009). "Supplemental Type Certificate SA01303WI". Retrieved 19 May 2010.
  13. ^ "STC for Piper PA". Centurion Engines. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  14. ^ Tony Osborne (Jan 24, 2018). "Airbus Preparing To Fly VSR700 Prototype In 2018". Aviation Week & Space Technology.

External links[edit]