Century Tower (University of Florida)
Century Tower, at the University of Florida
|Location||Main campus, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||William Augustus Edwards|
|Main contractor||Auchter Company|
|UF Carillon Home Page|
Entrance to Century Tower
|Architect||Jefferson M. Hamilton|
|Architectural style||Modified Collegiate Gothic|
Begun in 1953 by the Auchter Company to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of UF's parent institution, Kingsbury Academy in Ocala, it also serves as a memorial for students and alumni who perished in both World War I and World War II. This fulfilled the original campus design of the university's first architect, William Augustus Edwards, which called for a Gothic bell tower as a focal point for the entire campus. At the time of the tower's completion in 1956, however, there was no money to buy bells for the carillon. An electronic bell system given by J.E. Davis and A.D. Davis, two of the Davis Brothers who controlled Winn-Dixie, was used until it finally broke down in 1975. In 1976, $200,000 from accumulated student fees was used to buy the initial set of 49 bells. A Dutch bellfoundry, Royal Eijsbouts bell foundry designed, fabricated and installed the full carillon in 1979. In 2002 a major gift from the estate of Larry Allen Webb of St. Augustine, Florida, (a distant relative of President Dwight D. Eisenhower) made possible the addition of twelve trebles for a total of 61 bells, complete revision of the carillon playing action, and provision of an identical studio practice clavier in the adjacent University Auditorium with sound samples from ten major carillons throughout the world. The Century Tower Carillon of sixty-one bells was completed in its present form and dedicated on September 11, 2003.
Perhaps because Century Tower was built soon after the university became co-ed, an old school joke states that every time a virgin graduates from UF, a brick falls off the tower. It is worth noting that the tower stands in pristine condition.
About the Century Tower Carillon
- It has 61 bells and a range span of 5 octaves.
- The entire carillon weighs 57,760 pounds (26,200 kg).
- The smallest bell in the Century Tower Carillon plays a high C, weighs 26 pounds (12 kg) and has a diameter of 7 1⁄8 inches (180 mm).
- The largest bell, called the Bourdon bell, plays a low A-sharp. It is 5 feet (1.5 m) tall, weighs about 7,000 pounds (3,200 kg) and is 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m) in diameter.
- The carillon chimes each quarter of the hour from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. The tune that is played, "Florida Chimes", was written by Dr. Budd Udell, former Chair of the Department of Music at the University of Florida.
- Students at the university can take carillon lessons to regularly climb the 194 steps in Century Tower to play in one of the two daily performances.
- The carillon is played using 61 keys (or “batons”) for the hands and 25 pedals for the feet. The musician sits in a small room just below the bell chamber.
- There are fewer than 200 carillons in North America and only four in Florida.
- A Guide to the University of Florida Architectural Drawings
- A Unique University - Century Tower
- History of Century Tower
- McCarthy, Kevin M., and Laurie, Murray D., Guide to the University of Florida and Gainesville, 1977, Sarasota: Pineapple Press, pp. 134-136
- Dinger, Ed: "Gale Directory of Company Histories: The Auchter Company" Ask.com, 2003
- McCarthy, Kevin M., and Laurie, Murray D., Guide to the University of Florida and Gainesville, 1977, Sarasota: Pineapple Press, p 134-136
- "1979 Carillon installation" University of Florida Carillon at Century Tower
- Papers of the University of Florida Foundation, 2001-03
- National Park Service Weekly Update on July 3, 2008
- Gainesville Sun July 16, 2008
- "A Guide to the Collection of Musical Scores Composed or Arranged by Budd A. Udell" UF George A. Smathers Libraries
- "History of the Carillon" University of Florida Carillon at Century Tower
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