Cephalopholis urodeta

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Cephalopholis urodeta
Serranidae - Cephalulopholis urodeta-001.JPG
Cephalopholis urodeta from French Polynesia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Serranidae
Genus: Cephalopholis
Species: C. urodeta
Binomial name
Cephalopholis urodeta
(Forster, 1801)

Cephalopholis urodeta, known commonly as the Flagtail Grouper or also V-tail Grouper, is a species of marine fish in the family Serranidae.

Illustration of Cephalopholis urodeta

Synonyms[edit]

  • Cephalopholis urodela (Valenciennes, 1828)
  • Cephalopholis urudelus (Valenciennes, 1828)
  • Epinephelus erythaeus (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Epinephelus playfairi Bleeker, 1879
  • Epinephelus playfayri Bleeker, 1879
  • Epinephelus urudelus (Valencienes, 1828)
  • Perca urodeta Forster, 1844
  • Perca urodeta Forster, 1801
  • Serranus erythraeus Valenciennes, 1830
  • Serranus mars De Vis, 1884
  • Serranus mauritiae Gudger, 1829
  • Serranus urodelus Valenciennes, 1828

[1][2]

Taxonomy[edit]

This species was once regarded as widespread in the Indian Ocean, nowadays the Indian Ocean form is regarded to be Cephalopholis nigripinnis (Craig and Hastings 2007).[3]

Description[edit]

Cephalopholis urodeta from French Polynesia

The V-tail Grouper is a medium size fish and can reach a maximum size of 28 cm length.[4] The basic body color is reddish brown, with two white diagonal bars on the caudal fin. The back half of the body usually is darker and shows a few faint transversal bars.[5]

Biology[edit]

These fishes mainly feed on small fishes and crustaceans.[2]

Distribution[edit]

The Flagtail Grouper is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific area, occurring eastward to French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Islands, and on Christmas Island, Red Sea excluded.[4][6][3]

Habitat[edit]

Cephaplopholis urodeta can be found in coral reefs and lagoons and prefers shallow waters to depths of about 60 metres (200 ft).[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra (1991) Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species., Indo-Pacific Fishes (20):332 p.
  • Fricke, R. (1999) Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species., Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p.
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall (1993) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p.
  • Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley (1989) Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae., Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.
  • Randall, J.E. (2005) Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands., University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b IUCN (2008). "Cephalopholis urodeta: Liu, M., Yeeting, B., Russell, B., Craig, M.T., Heemstra, P.C. & Pollard, D". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. doi:10.2305/iucn.uk.2008.rlts.t132783a3450401.en. 
  2. ^ a b "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Cephalopholis urodeta (Forster, 1801)". www.marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  3. ^ a b c Liu, M., Yeeting, B., Russell, B., Craig, M.T., Heemstra, P.C. & Pollard, D. 2008. IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1.
  4. ^ a b "Cephalopholis urodeta summary page". FishBase. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  5. ^ "Flagtail Rockcod, Cephalopholis urodeta (Forster, 1801)". Australian Museum. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  6. ^ "Darkfinned Coralcod - Cephalopholis urodeta - Details". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 

External links[edit]