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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Genus: Cephalorrhynchus
Boiss. 1844
Type species
Cephalorrhynchus glandulosus

Cephalorrhynchus is a genus of flowering plants in the dandelion family.[1][2][3]


Biennial or perennial daisy-like herbaceous plants with erect stem. Leaves are alternate, oval or oblong, undivided or pinnate. Roots thicken in tuberous form.

Corymbose-paniculate inflorescences with heads that have clusters of 10 to 15 bisexual ligulate flowers. The involucre is cylindrical two to four rowed, with the inner involucral bracts twice as long as outer bracts. The receptacle is flat and glabrous. The corolla is yellow, whitish yellow or azure blue. The stamens have saggitate anthers and ovate appendage.[4] Achenes fusiform, transversely rugose, with five broad, rounded ribs. Pappus white.


accepted species[5]
  1. Cephalorrhynchus chitralensis Tuisl - Afghanistan, Pakistan
  2. Cephalorrhynchus kossinskyi (Krasch.) Kirp. - Turkmenistan, Iran
  3. Cephalorrhynchus longifoli (Mill.) Druce. - Iran
  4. Cephalorrhynchus subplumosus Kovalevsk. - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
formerly included[5]

several species formerly regarded as members of Cephalorrhynchus have been transferred to Lactuca in the past few years.


  1. ^ Species list - Cephalorrhynchus
  2. ^ Boissier, Pierre Edmond. 1844. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum, ser. 1, 1(4): 28
  3. ^ Tropicos, Cephalorrhynchus Boiss.
  4. ^ N. N. Tzvelev & Andreĭ Aleksandrovich Fedorov, Flora of Russia, ISBN 90-5410-758-8 ISBN 978-9054107583
  5. ^ a b Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]