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Temporal range: Middle to Upper Ordovician
Ceraurus plus baby, Late Ordovician, Trenton Group, Quebec, Canada - Houston Museum of Natural Science - DSC01562.JPG
Fossil Ceraurus with baby.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Trilobita
Order: Phacopida
Family: Cheiruridae
Genus: Ceraurus

Ceraurus is a genus of cheirurid trilobite of the middle and, much more rarely, the upper Ordovician. They are commonly found in strata of the lower Great Lakes region. These trilobites have eleven thoracic segments, a very small pygidia and long genal and pygidial spines.

Ceraurus is quite common in the Ordovician of upstate New York, south-central and south-eastern Ontario, and the St. Lawrence Valley in Quebec, as well as in the Canadian Arctic. It and similar genera range in size from less than quarter an inch to well over five inches. Similar genus of trilobites occur in the Ordovician outcrops of the Volkhov River, near St. Petersburg, Russia.

The taxonomy of the genus is very confusing, as there are many variations of eye placement, pustulation, and spine length. Ceraurus may, in fact, be at least four genera: true Ceraurus, Gabriceraurus, Bufoceraurus and Leviceraurus.


  • Ludvigsen, Rolf, Fossils of Ontario: Part I: The Trilobites. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1983.