Cerchio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cerchio
Comune
Comune di Cerchio
Church of Madonna delle Grazie.
Church of Madonna delle Grazie.
Cerchio is located in Italy
Cerchio
Cerchio
Location of Cerchio in Italy
Coordinates: 42°3′43″N 13°36′9″E / 42.06194°N 13.60250°E / 42.06194; 13.60250
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province L'Aquila (AQ)
Government
 • Mayor Gianfranco Tedeschi
Area
 • Total 20.12 km2 (7.77 sq mi)
Elevation 834 m (2,736 ft)
Population (31 July 2015)[1]
 • Total 1,634
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Cerchiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 67044
Dialing code 0863
Saint day 29 June
Website Official website

Cerchio is a comune and town in the province of L'Aquila in the Abruzzo region of southern Italy.

Geography[edit]

The village is situated on the lower slopes of Mt. Sirente, overlooking the Fucino plain. Present population is 1645 (2013). Patron saints of the town are S. Giovanni and S. Paolo (John and Paul).

History[edit]

Local legend says that the town arose from a small group of houses constructed around a theater (circo) set up by the Romans to celebrate the inauguration of Emperor Claudius, who drained the ancient Fucine lake. The Church of S. Bartolomeo is mentioned in a papal bull of 1300. During the medieval period the village was held by the Colonna and Piccolomini families of Rome, who granted it to Camilla Peretti in 1591, along with the County of Celano and the Barony of Pescina. Over the centuries the Fucino plain was resubmerged, until it was drained in the mid-nineteenth century by Alessandro Torlonia, 2nd Prince di Civitella-Cesi. Families from Cerchio then farmed the rich soils of the lake bed, working as tenant farmers, share-croppers and day-laborers under the Torlonia Administration. The town was badly damaged by the earthquake of 1915.

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.