Cercopis vulnerata

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Cercopis vulnerata
Cercopidae - Cercopis vulnerata.JPG
Cercopis vulnerata- Upperside
Blutzikade Cercopis vulnerata.jpg
Side view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Cercopidae
Genus: Cercopis
Species: C. vulnerata
Binomial name
Cercopis vulnerata
Rossi, 1807
Synonyms
  • Cercopis sanguinea (Geoffroy)

Cercopis vulnerata (black-and-red froghopper) is a species of froghopper in the family Cercopidae.[1][2]

Distribution[edit]

This species is present in most of Europe (Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Spain, Holland, the former Yugoslavia, Moldova, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Hungary, Great Britain and Italy).[3]

Habitat[edit]

These froghoppers inhabit sunny southern slopes of the mountains, grasslands, meadows, spruce forest edges, moors, verges, clearings and city parks. They can be found on woody or herbaceous plants, mainly in wooded areas.[4][5]

Description[edit]

C. vulnerata. Open elytra

The male of Cercopis vulnerata is 8.9–10.5 millimetres (0.35–0.41 in) in length, and the female 8.2–10.5 millimetres (0.32–0.41 in).[5] These froghoppers have an elongate and strongly shielded body. They are shining black, with bright red marks on the elytra, one triangular mark at the base, one square mark in the middle and a stripe at the apex. These colors serves as a warning of their unpleasant taste.[4]

The hind wings are brownish, smoky and translucent. Upper abdomen is black with narrow red stripes at the rear extremities of the tergites.[6]

This species is very similar to Cercopis sanguinolenta, but its red markings are larger and the rear stripe is U-shaped. Other rather similar species are Cercopis intermedia and Haematoloma dorsata.

Biology[edit]

Cercopis vulnerata in copula

Adults can be found from April to August.[5][7] They are olyphagous, mainly sucking vegetable juices of grasses, but also of other plants (Arrhenatherum elatius, Dactylis glomerata, Urtica dioica, Filipendula ulmaria, Aegopodium podagraria, etc.),[5]

They can easily fly and are also equipped with very effective saltatory back legs, allowing jumps of up to 70 centimeters.

When they mate Cercopis male and female stay side by side with an angle of less than 45°. The female lays eggs at the end of summer in plants and trees that overwinter. Larvae live underground on the roots of various plants, inside a typical foam nest, that protects them from dehydration and against enemies. The nymph sucks vegetable juices out of the roots of the host plants. The nymph comes up in spring.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rossi P. (1807) Classis septima. Rhyngota., In: Rossi P. 1807 - Fauna Etrusca : sistens insecta quae in provinciis Florentina et Pisana praesertium collegit., 2. p. 341-352.
  2. ^ Catalogue of life
  3. ^ Fauna europaea
  4. ^ a b Bob Gibbons Field Guide to Insects of Britain and Northern Europe
  5. ^ a b c d Commanster
  6. ^ Walter J. Le Quesne: Handbooks for the identification of British Insects. Vol. II. part 2 (a). Hemiptera. Cicadomorpha (excluding Deltocephalinae and Typhlocybinae). Londyn: Royal Entomological Society of London, 1965, s. 7.
  7. ^ British Bugs

External links[edit]