Cercopithecinae

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Cercopithecine monkeys
Mandril.jpg
Mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
Family: Cercopithecidae
Subfamily: Cercopithecinae
Gray, 1821
Genera

Allenopithecus
Miopithecus
Erythrocebus
Chlorocebus
Cercopithecus
Macaca
Lophocebus
Rungwecebus
Papio
Theropithecus
Cercocebus
Mandrillus

The Cercopithecinae are a subfamily of the Old World monkeys, which comprises roughly 71 species, including the baboons, the macaques, and the vervet monkeys. Most cercopithecine monkeys are limited to sub-Saharan Africa, although the macaques range from the far eastern parts of Asia through northern Africa, as well as on Gibraltar.

Characteristics[edit]

The various species are adapted to the different terrains they inhabit. Arboreal species are slim, delicate, and have a long tail, while terrestrial species are stockier and their tails can be small or completely nonexistent. All species have well-developed thumbs. Some species have ischial callosities, which can change their colour during their mating periods.

These monkeys are diurnal and live together in social groups. They live in all types of terrain and climate, from cool mountains to rain forests, savannah, bald rocky areas, or even snowy mountains, such as the Japanese macaque.

Most species are omnivorous, with diets ranging from fruits, leaves, seeds, buds, and mushrooms to insects, spiders, and smaller vertebrates. All species possess cheek pouches in which they can store food.[1]

Gestation lasts around six to seven months. Young are weaned after three to 12 months and are fully mature within three to five years. The life expectancy of some species can be as long as 50 years.

Classification[edit]

The Cercopithinae are often split into two tribes, Cercopithecini and Papionini, as shown in the list of genera below.





Homo



Pan




Hylobates





Cercopithecinae


Macaca



 

Papio



Theropithecus




Cercocebus







Chlorocebus



Erythrocebus




Miopithecus




Colobinae


Colobus



 

Pygathrix



Nasalis



 

Trachypithecus






Phylogenetic position of the Cercopithecinae.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Strier, Karen B. (2007). Primate behavioral ecology (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson Allyn and Bacon. p. 61. ISBN 9780205444328. 
  2. ^ Jinchuan Xing, Hui Wang, Kyudong Han, David A. Ray, Cheney H. Huang, Leona G. Chemnick, Caro-Beth Stewart, Todd R. Disotell, Oliver A. Ryder, Mark A. Batzer 2005. A mobile element based phylogeny of Old World monkeys. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37 :872–880