Cernavodă culture

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Cernavodă culture
Geographical rangeRomania, Serbia, Bulgaria
PeriodChalcolithic Europe
Datesc. 4000 BC – 3200 BC
Preceded byKaranovo culture, Varna culture
Followed byCoțofeni culture, Baden culture, Ezero culture

The Cernavodă culture, ca. 40003200 BC, was a late Copper Age archaeological culture. It was along the lower Eastern Bug River and Danube and along the coast of the Black Sea and somewhat inland, generally in present-day Romania and Bulgaria. It is named after the Romanian town of Cernavodă.

It is a successor to and occupies much the same area as the earlier Karanovo culture, for which a destruction horizon seems to be evident. It is part of the "Balkan-Danubian complex" that stretches up the entire length of the river and into northern Germany via the Elbe and the Baden culture; its northeastern portion is thought to be ancestral to the Usatove culture.

It is characterized by defensive hilltop settlements. The pottery shares traits with that found further east, in the Sredny Stog culture on the south-west Eurasian steppe;[citation needed] burials similarly bear a resemblance to those further east.

Together with Sredny Stog culture, its spread from east resulted in development of the Anatolian language complex.[1][2]

See also[edit]



  • Anthony, David W. (2007). The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691058870.
  • J. P. Mallory, "Cernavoda Culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.