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The Cernavodă culture, ca. 4000–3200 BC, was a late Copper Age archaeological culture. It was along the lower Eastern Bug River and Danube and along the coast of the Black Sea and somewhat inland, generally in present-day Romania and Bulgaria. It is named after the Romanian town of Cernavodă.
It is a successor to and occupies much the same area as the earlier neolithic Karanovo culture, for which a destruction horizon seems to be evident. It is part of the "Balkan-Danubian complex" that stretches up the entire length of the river and into northern Germany via the Elbe and the Baden culture; its northeastern portion is thought to be ancestral to the Usatovo culture.
It is characterized by defensive hilltop settlements. The pottery shares traits with that found further east[which?] on the south-west Eurasian steppe; burials similarly bear a resemblance to those further east.
- Bronze Age in Romania
- Coțofeni culture
- Basarabi culture
- Otomani culture
- Pecica culture
- Wietenberg culture
- Hamangia culture
- Prehistory of Transylvania
- Prehistoric Romania
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