Cero (fish)

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Cero
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Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scombriformes
Family: Scombridae
Tribe: Scomberomorini
Genus: Scomberomorus
Species: S. regalis
Binomial name
Scomberomorus regalis
(Bloch, 1793)
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Scomberomorus plumierii Lacepède, 1801
  • Scomber regalis Bloch, 1793
  • Cybium regale (Bloch, 1793)

The cero (Scomberomorus regalis), also known as the pintado,[citation needed] kingfish,[4] cero mackerel, or painted mackerel, is a ray-finned bony fish in the family Scombridae, better known as the mackerel family. More specifically, this fish is a member of the tribe Scomberomorini, the Spanish mackerels, and is the type species of the genus Scomberomorus. It is similar in appearance and coloration to the Atlantic Spanish mackerel, Scomberomorus maculatus, except the cero has a longitudinal stripe in addition to the spots of the Atlantic Spanish mackerel.

Additionally, the cero reaches larger sizes than the Atlantic Spanish mackerel, often 10 lb (4.5 kg) or more, but those over 30 lb (14 kg) are extremely rare. The first dorsal fin is black anteriorly, the lateral line descends slowly from the shoulder without the sharp break seen on the king mackerel, Scomberomorus cavalla.

It is found in the western Atlantic from Cape Cod through the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico to Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Collette, B.; Amorim, A.F.; Boustany, A.; et al. (2011). "Scomberomorus regalis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T170327A6749725. Retrieved 6 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "Scomberomorus regalis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Scomberomorus regalis" in FishBase. February 2018 version.
  4. ^ Free Dictionary online (retrieved 18 September 2015)