Cero (fish)

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Cero
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Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scombridae
Tribe: Scomberomorini
Genus: Scomberomorus
Species: S. regalis
Binomial name
Scomberomorus regalis
(Bloch, 1793)
Synonyms[2]
  • Scomberomorus plumierii Lacepède, 1801
  • Scomber regalis Bloch, 1793

The cero (Scomberomorus regalis) , also known as the pintado, kingfish,[3] cero mackerel, or painted mackerel, is a ray-finned bony fish in the family Scombridae, better known as the mackerel family. More specifically, this fish is a member of the tribe Scomberomorini, the Spanish mackerels, and is the type species of the genus Scomberomorus. It is similar in appearance and coloration to the Atlantic Spanish mackerel, Scomberomorus maculatus, except the cero has a longitudinal stripe in addition to the spots of the Atlantic Spanish mackerel.

Additionally, the cero reaches larger sizes than the Atlantic Spanish mackerel, often 10 lb (4.5 kg) or more, but those over 30 lb (14 kg) are extremely rare. The first dorsal fin is black anteriorly, the lateral line descends slowly from the shoulder without the sharp break seen on the king mackerel, Scomberomorus cavalla.

In Florida, it is rare north of Palm Beach, but common throughout the Florida Keys and throughout the West Indies. Fishing methods and prey are similar to those of the Spanish mackerel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collette B; et al. (2011). "Scomberomorus regalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Scomberomorus regalis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Free Dictionary online (retrieved 18 September 2015)