Cerro Pan de Azúcar
|Cerro Pan de Azúcar|
The hill viewed from a road
|Elevation||423 m (1,388 ft)|
|Translation||Sugar Loaf Hill (from Spanish)|
|Pronunciation||Spanish: [ˈsero ˈpan de aˈsukar]|
|Location||Piriápolis, Maldonado Department,
|Type||Hill (granite, gneiss)|
|Age of rock||Precambrian|
Cerro Pan de Azúcar (Sugar Loaf Hill) is the third highest point of Uruguay, with an altitude of 423 metres (1,387.8 ft).
Location and features
At the eastern feet of the hill and partly on its side, is the Reserva de Flora y Fauna del Pan de Azúcar, a nature reserve and zoo. On its summit, there is a cross made of cement, with a height of 35 metres (114.8 feet), visible from a wide distance. The cross is visitable inside with a spiral staircase leading to the horizontal part of the cross, which offers view of the area through small openings.
In 1890 Don Francisco Piria, founder of the resort of Piriápolis, had bought a big stretch of land including the Cerro Pan de Azúcar and stretching all the way to the beach. The hill was rich in granite and by his decision one of its slopes became a quarry which provided solid granite rocks for the construction of the seaside resort, and which gave work to more than 500 workers.
In 1933 the famous sculptor Juan Zorrilla de San Martín together with father Engels Walters constructed a 35 metre cross on its top. In 1980 a nature conservation and breeding centre for animals threatened by extinction was founded on its east side.
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