Cerro de Pasco

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This article is about the city of Cerro de Pasco. For other uses, see Pasco.
Cerro de Pasco
Town
Sunset at Cerro de Pasco.
Sunset at Cerro de Pasco.
Flag of Cerro de Pasco
Flag
Official seal of Cerro de Pasco
Seal
Cerro de Pasco is located in Peru
Cerro de Pasco
Cerro de Pasco
Location of in Peru
Coordinates: 10°41′11″S 76°15′45″W / 10.68639°S 76.26250°W / -10.68639; -76.26250
Country  Peru
Region Pasco Region
Province Pasco Province
Demonym Cerreno(a)
Government
 • Mayor Jhoni Teodosio Ventura Rivadeneira
Elevation 4,330 m (14,210 ft)
Population
 • Estimate (2015)[1] 66,272
Location of Cerro de Pasco and the Atacocha Mine

Cerro de Pasco (population 70,000) is a city in central Peru, located at the top of the Andean mountains. It is the capital of the Pasco region, and an important mining center. At 4,330 metres (14,210 ft) elevation, it is one of the highest cities in the world, and the highest or the second highest city with over 50,000 inhabitants, with elevation reaching up to 4,380 m in the Yanacancha area. It is connected by road and by rail to the capital Lima, as far as 300 km.

Mining center[edit]

It became one of the world's richest silver producing areas after silver was discovered there in 1630.[2] It is still an active mining center.

Gray Brechin notes that the mines of Cerro de Pasco were a chief source of wealth for William Randolph Hearst and his family.[3]

The Spanish mined the rich Cerro de Pasco silver-bearing oxide ore deposits since colonial times. Sulfide minerals are more common in the Atacocha district however. Three major mines in the area include the Machcan, Atacocha, and Milpo. SIlver ore occurs in hydrothermal veins or as sulfides and clay minerals replacing the Jurassic Pucara limestone. Porphyry dacite stocks are found intruded near the Atacocha and Milpo mines along the Atacocha Fault. Compania Minera Atacocha started operations at the Atacocha Mine in 1936. Ore minerals include galena and sphalerite.[4]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

At 4,330 metres (14,210 ft) above sea level, Cerro de Pasco has an (E) Alpine Climate (the average temperature of the warmest month is lower than 10 °C (50 °F)). The city has humid summers, dry winters and chilly to cold temperatures throughout the year. Snowfalls can occur sometimes.

The average annual temperature in Cerro de Pasco is 5.5 °C and the average annual rainfall is 999 mm.

Climate data for Cerro de Pasco
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
10.9
(51.6)
11.4
(52.5)
12.9
(55.2)
12.2
(54)
12.7
(54.9)
12.5
(54.5)
12.9
(55.2)
12.0
(53.6)
12.4
(54.3)
12.5
(54.5)
13.0
(55.4)
12.28
(54.09)
Average low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.9
(33.6)
0.7
(33.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
−3.9
(25)
−3.1
(26.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
−1.2
(29.84)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 137
(5.39)
151
(5.94)
153
(6.02)
80
(3.15)
43
(1.69)
14
(0.55)
16
(0.63)
26
(1.02)
52
(2.05)
98
(3.86)
103
(4.06)
126
(4.96)
999
(39.32)
Source: Climate-data.org[5]

Important People[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú: Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report) (Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática). March 2012. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cerro de Pasco". Encyclopædia Britannica 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 762. 
  3. ^ Brechin, "Imperial San Francisco", 1999, University of California Press
  4. ^ Johnson, Robert; Lewis, Richard; Abele C., Guillermo (1955). Geology and Ore Deposits of the Atacocha District Departamento de Pasco Peru, USGS Bulletin 975-E, Geologic Investigations in the American Republics. Washington: United States Government Printing Office. pp. 337–387. 
  5. ^ "Climate: Cerro de Pasco". Retrieved 5 September 2013. 

Coordinates: 10°41′11″S 76°15′45″W / 10.68639°S 76.26250°W / -10.68639; -76.26250