Cerrophidion tzotzilorum

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Cerrophidion tzotzilorum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Cerrophidion
Species: C. tzotzilorum
Binomial name
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum
(Campbell, 1985)
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum distribution.png
  • Bothrops tzotzilorum
    Campbell, 1985
  • Porthidium tzotzilorum
    — Campbell & Lamar, 1989
  • Cerrophidion tzotzilorum
    — Campbell & Lamar, 1992
Common names: Tzotzil montane pitviper.[2]

Cerrophidion tzotzilorum is a venomous pit viper species endemic to southern Mexico. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]


The specific name, tzotzilorum (Latin genetive plural), is in honor of the Tzotzil people.[4][5]


C. tzotzilorum is terrestrial and moderately stout. Adults probably do not exceed 50 cm (19.5 in) in total length (including tail).[2]

Geographic range[edit]

C. tzotzilorum is found in the Meseta Central of Chiapas, Mexico. The type locality given is "10.9 km ESE San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico, elevation 2,320 m [7,610 ft]".[1]

Conservation status[edit]

The species C. tzotzilorum is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v3.1, 2001).[6] Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. The population trend is stable. Year assessed: 2007.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b Campbell JA, Lamar WW (2004). The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. 2 volumes. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates. 870 pp., 1,500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.
  3. ^ "Cerrophidion tzotzilorum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 14 September 2007. 
  4. ^ "Cerrophidion tzotzilorum ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  5. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Cerrophodion tzotzilorum, p. 269).
  6. ^ Cerrophidion tzotzilorum at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 14 September 2007.
  7. ^ 2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1) at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 14 September 2007.

Further reading[edit]

  • Campbell JA (1985). "A New Species of Highland Pitviper of the Genus Bothrops from Southern Mexico". Journal of Herpetology 19 (1): 48-54. (Bothrops tzotzilorum, new species).

External links[edit]