Cerulean cuckooshrike

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Cerulean cuckooshrike
Cerulean Cuckoo-Shrike - Sulawesi MG 5185 (16820727967).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Campephagidae
Genus: Coracina
Species: C. temminckii
Binomial name
Coracina temminckii
(Müller, 1843)

The cerulean cuckooshrike (Coracina temminckii) is a species of bird in the family Campephagidae. It is endemic to the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. Other common names for this bird include the Sulawesi cuckooshrike, the Celebes cuckooshrike and Temminck’s cuckooshrike.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

The cerulean cuckooshrike was first described by the German naturalist Salomon Müller in 1843. The specific name honours the Dutch zoologist and ornithologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck, the director of the National Natural History Museum at Leiden who had sent Müller to the East Indies to collect specimens. Three subspecies are recognised; C. t. temminckii from the northern peninsula of Sulawesi, C. t. rileyi from central and southeastern Sulawesi and C. t. tonkeana from eastern Sulawesi.[3]

Description[edit]

The adult cerulean cuckooshrike is a distinctive bird and is about 30 cm (12 in) long. The male is greyish-blue, tinged with cobalt blue on wings and tail.[2]

Biology[edit]

The cerulean cuckooshrike inhabits primary forest and mature secondary forest up to an altitude of about 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). It often forms small groups and is presumed to feed on insects. Little is known of its breeding habits but juveniles have been seen in October.[2] One of the places where this bird can be seen is the Gunung Ambang Nature Reserve.[4]

Status[edit]

The cerulean cuckooshrike is common in suitable habitats over a large part of central Sulawesi but rather less common in the north and east of the island. The population appears to be stable, and despite its restricted range, the IUCN lists the bird as being of "least concern".[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Coracina temminckii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Cerulean Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina temminckii)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  3. ^ "Cerulean Cuckooshrike (Coracina temminckii) (Müller, S, 1843)". AviBase. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  4. ^ Riley, Jon (2000-12-01). "Gunung Ambang". OBC Bulletin 32. Oriental Bird Club. Retrieved 2014-07-16.