|Comune di Cervia|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Province of Ravenna (RA)|
|Frazioni||Cannuzzo, Castiglione di Cervia, Milano Marittima, Montaletto, Pinarella, Pisignano, Savio di Cervia, Tagliata, Terme, Villa Inferno|
|• Mayor||Luca Coffari|
|• Total||82 km2 (32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Population (30 November 2015)|
|• Density||350/km2 (910/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||48015, 48016, 48010|
|Patron saint||Saint Paternian|
|Saint day||13 November|
Cervia is a seaside city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Its population was 28,965 at the 2015 census.
Originally called Ficocle, it was probably of Greek origin and was located midway between current Cervia and Ravenna. It is known that this original settlement was destroyed in 709 by patrician Theodore for its alliance with Ravenna against the loyal Byzantines.
Later the centre was rebuilt in a more secure position, in the Salina. This medieval city grew until it was provided with three fortified entrances, a Palaces of Priors, seven churches and a castle (Rocca) which, according to the legend, was built by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. The name also changed from Ficocle to Cervia, probably referring to the Acervi, great amounts of salt left in the local evaporation pods. After a long series of events, it became part of the Papal States.
As the time passed, the salt pod turned into a marsh, and on 9 November 1697 Pope Innocent XII ordered it to be rebuilt in a safer location. The new city had huge silos for storage of salt, containing up to 13,000 tons.
Nowadays Cervia is a seaside resort on the Adriatic Riviera thanks to its 10-kilometre (6 mi) shore characterised by sandy beaches. Unlike its neighbor Cesenatico , the buildings are subject to strict urban regulations, favoring the conservation of the pine forest and green areas between each new construction.
Cervia has a large pine forest, about 260 hectares and includes the areas of Milano Marittima, Cervia, Pinarella and Tagliata. A project with the local authority of ARPA is active for the control of water, at various points between the beach in Milano Marittima and that of Pinarella. The results that are obtained show that the water quality is such that guaranteed the city the blue flag of the Foundation for Environmental Education for the ninth consecutive year (since 1997 ). The levels of these waste waters have always been excellent in recent years, except some small survey of 2004 and 2002 that triggered the alarm and were provided other controls, which have verified the quality of the water, immediately returned to levels within the normal range.
Housing prices in Cervia ranked second highest in the Emilia Romagna in a 2009 research, only after Bologna. With the development of the neighborhood Milano Marittima, the presence of nightclubs and outdoor dances were banished from Cervia center, in order to respect the comfort of residents and tourists.
In Cervia they are already operating several cycling routes. In fact the city is also famous for its large number of bicycles around the town, especially during summer.
- The Cathedral (Santa Maria Assunta), built in 1699–1702
- The Museum of Salt
- The Communal Palace
- St. Michael Tower
The city is served by the road Strada statale 16 Adriatica or Romea South. It is possible reach the Italian A14 highway at Cesena (15 km) and Rimini (24 km). Cervia is located about 103 km south of Bologna, 311 km far from Milan and 359 km from Rome.
Twin towns / Sister cities
- Carmel-by-the-Sea, United States
- Jelenia Góra, Poland
- Mahón, Spain
- Cluj-Napoca, Romania
- Aalen, Germany
Notes and references
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