Cervicogenic headache

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Cervicogenic headache is a type of headache characterised by chronic hemicranial pain referred to the head from either the cervical spine or soft tissues within the neck.[1][2] The main symptoms of cervicogenic headaches include pain originating in the neck that can travel to the head or face, headaches that get worse with neck movement, and limited ability to move the neck.

Diagnostic imaging can display lesions of the cervical spine or soft tissue of the neck that can be indicative of a cervicogenic headache.[3] When being evaluated for cervicogenic headaches, it is important to rule out a history of migraines and traumatic brain injuries.

Studies show that combining interventions such as moist heat applied to the area of pain, spinal and cervical manipulations, and neck massages all help reduce or relieve symptoms. Neck exercises are also beneficial. Specifically, craniocervical flexion, or forward bending of the neck, against light resistance helps increase muscular stability of the head and neck region. This may reduce head and neck pain. It is recommended to seek assistance from trained health professionals, such as physical therapists, who can teach proper techniques and doses of exercise.[4] With proper treatment, symptoms often resolve in three months.[3]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Page, P. (2011). "Cervicogenic headaches: An evidence-led approach to clinical management". International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 6 (3): 254–66. PMC 3201065. PMID 22034615.
  2. ^ Biondi, D. M. (2005). "Cervicogenic with Dizziness . headache: A review of diagnostic and treatment strategies". Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 105 (4 supplement): S16-22. PMID 15928349. Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  3. ^ a b Varatharajan, Sharanya; Ferguson, Brad; Chrobak, Karen; Shergill, Yaadwinder; Côté, Pierre; Wong, Jessica J.; Yu, Hainan; Shearer, Heather M.; Southerst, Danielle; Sutton, Deborah; Randhawa, Kristi (July 2016). "Are non-invasive interventions effective for the management of headaches associated with neck pain? An update of the Bone and Joint Decade Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration". European Spine Journal. 25 (7): 1971–1999. doi:10.1007/s00586-016-4376-9. ISSN 0940-6719. PMID 26851953. S2CID 4393529.
  4. ^ Côté, Pierre; Yu, Hainan; Shearer, Heather M.; Randhawa, Kristi; Wong, Jessica J.; Mior, Silvano; Ameis, Arthur; Carroll, Linda J.; Nordin, Margareta; Varatharajan, Sharanya; Sutton, Deborah (2019). "Non-pharmacological management of persistent headaches associated with neck pain: A clinical practice guideline from the Ontario protocol for traffic injury management (OPTIMa) collaboration". European Journal of Pain. 23 (6): 1051–1070. doi:10.1002/ejp.1374. ISSN 1532-2149. S2CID 73433670.