Cervinae

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Cervinae
Temporal range: Late Miocene to recent
Elaphurus davidianus 001.jpg
Père David's Deer (Elaphurus davidianus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Goldfuss, 1820
Genera

Elaphodus
Muntiacus
Dama
Axis
Rucervus
Elaphurus
Panolia
Hyelaphus
Rusa
Cervus
Megaloceros
Praemegaceros
Eucladoceros

The Cervinae or the Old World deer (denoting their place of origin, not their current distribution), are a subfamily of deer. Alternatively, they are known as the plesiometacarpal deer, due to their ankle structure being different from the telemetecarpal deer of the Capreolinae.

Classification and species[edit]

The list is based on the studies of Randi, Mucci, Claro-Hergueta, Bonnet and Douzery (2001); Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004); Ludt, Schroeder, Rottmann and Kuehn (2004); Hernandez-Fernandez and Vrba (2005); Groves (2006); Ruiz-Garcia, M., Randi, E., Martinez-Aguero, M. and Alvarez D. (2007); Duarte, J.M.B., Gonzalez, S. and Maldonado, J.E. (2008); Groves and Grubb (2011)[1]

  • Tribe Muntiacini
  • Tribe Cervini ("true" deer)
    • Genus Dama
    • Genus Axis
    • Genus Rucervus
      • Schomburgk's deer (R. schomburgki)
      • Western swamp deer (R. branderi, considered to be a subspecies of R. duvaucelii)
      • Barasingha (R. duvaucelii)
      • Eastern swamp deer (R. ranjitsinhi, considered to be a subspecies of R. duvaucelii)
    • Genus Panolia[2]
      • Eld's deer (P. eldii)
      • Eastern Eld's deer]] (P. siamensis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of P. eldii)
      • Thamin (P. thamin, considered by some authorities a subspecies of P. eldii)
    • Genus Elaphurus
    • Genus Hyelaphus[2]
    • Genus Rusa (considered by some authorities to be a junior synonym of Cervus)
      • Visayan spotted deer or Prince Alfred's deer]] (R. alfredi)
      • Philippine deer or Philippine sambar (R. mariannus)
      • Mindoro deer (R. barandanus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of R. mariannus)
      • Mindanao mountain deer (R. nigellus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of R. mariannus)
      • Javan rusa deer (R. timorensis)
      • Southeast Asian sambar (R. equinus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of R. unicolor)
      • Indian sambar (R. unicolor)
    • Genus Cervus
      • Alashan wapiti (C. alashanicus; considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)
      • Thorold's deer (C. albirostris)
      • West European red deer (C. elaphus)
      • East European red deer (C. pannoniensis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
      • Caspian red deer or Maral deer (C. maral, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
      • Corsican red deer (C. corsicanus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
      • Yarkand deer (C. yarkandensis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
      • Bactrian deer (C. bactrianus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
      • Sichuan deer or Sichuan wapiti (Cervus macneilli, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)
      • Sika deer (C. nippon)
      • Vietnamese deer (C. pseudaxis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. nippon)
      • Tsushima Island deer (C. pulchellus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. nippon)
      • Formosan deer (C. taiouanus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. nippon)
      • Elk or American wapiti (C. canadensis)
      • Kashmir stag or Kashmir wapiti (C. hanglu, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus or C. canadensis)
      • Manchurian wapiti (C. xanthopygus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)
      • Tibetan red deer or Tibetan wapiti (C. wallichi, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ultimateungulate.com/NewTaxonomy.html
  2. ^ a b Pitraa, Fickela; Meijaard, Groves (2004`). "Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 33: 880–895. PMID 15522810. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.07.013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-12.  Check date values in: |date= (help)