Ceryx

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For the moth genus, see Ceryx (moth).

In Greek mythology, Ceryx /ˈsɪrɪks/ (Ancient Greek: Κῆρυξ, Kērux, literally "herald") was a son of Hermes and either Pandrosus[1] or Agraulus.[2] He was, like his father, a messenger. But the kêryx career began as a humble cook for the tribe, a skill Hermes demonstrates in his cooked meat offerings on the Twelve Gods Altar set in place 522BC by Peisistratos III in Athens. The Homeric Hymn to Hermes 128 recalls the young god cutting out and laying up twelve steaks on a flat rock or platamoni," the 12 Gods altar.

Mythology[edit]

According to Pausanias, he was the youngest son of Eumolpus,[2] one of the first priests of Demeter at Eleusis and a founder of the Eleusinian Mysteries.

He founded the two families of high priests in Eleusis: the Kerykes (or Kerukes, a family of priests in Athens) and the Eumolpidae.

In Homer’s time, the kēryx were a profession of trusted attendants or retainers of a chieftain. The role of kērykes expanded, however, to include acting as inviolable messengers between states, even in time of war, proclaiming meetings of the council, popular assembly, or court of law, reciting there the formulas of prayer, and summoning persons to attend. Hermes, himself the kēryx of the gods, was their patron and carried the caduceus, the herald’s staff.[3]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Ceryx appears in the mobile game God of War: Betrayal and serves as the game's final boss. He attempted to warn Kratos about the consequences of his bloody rampage across Greece. Kratos killed him for interfering in his pursuit of the mysterious assassin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Scholia to Homer's Iliad, I 334
  2. ^ a b Pausanias, Guide to Greece 1.38.3
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 13 Jun. 2012 [1]