Cesar Cruz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

César Cruz is a gang violence prevention advocate[1] and Dean of Secondary Schools Program at Harvard University. He was born in Guadalajara c. 1974,[1][2] coming to the United States as an undocumented immigrant at age 9,[3] and holds a B.A. in history from UC Berkeley,[4] and a doctorate in educational leadership from Harvard Graduate School of Education.[5] On May 1, 1992, he was one of 65 people arrested marching on the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge after the acquittal of officers charged with beating Rodney King.[1][6] In 1995, he was involved in a fifteen-day hunger strike at University of California, Irvine.[7][8] The 1995 strike was undertaken by Cruz and others from UC Berkeley and UC Irvine to protect and promote affirmative action at UC Irvine.[9] Cruz was later part of a 26-day hunger strike in 2004, which resulted in Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger agreeing to refinance the West Contra Costa Unified School District's high interest loans.[10] He was keynote speaker for the Cesar Chavez Convocation at UC Santa Cruz in 2014 and Hermanos Unidos National Conference[11] at California State University, Fullerton in 2017.[12][13] Research at Homeboy Industries, a job skills program in the Los Angeles area for gang members, served as his Harvard doctoral capstone work.[14][15] He was the first male Mexican-immigrant to earn a doctorate at Harvard's Education Leadership program.[16]

He was awarded the Orange County Human Rights Award in 1995 and the Peacemaker of the Year award by the California State Senate in 2005.[1] In 2011, he was awarded a local Jefferson Award for Public Service for his work with the Homies Empowerment program.[17]


  • Preciado-Cruz, César A, Revenge of the Illegal Alien: A Mexican Takes on the Empire, 2008, Oakland: Making Changes Press, OCLC 259714147
  • Preciado-Cruz, César A, Norteños/Sureños : time to 'bang' for freedom : a brief history of the conflict between the Mexican Mafia and Nuestra familia (2009) (alternate title Bang For Freedom; A Brief History of Mexican Mafia, Nuestra Familia and Latino Activism in the U.S. (2015)), Oakland: Making Changes Press, OCLC 810178174
  • Voces: A Journal of Chicana/Latina Studies Vol. 2, No. 2, Special Poetry Issue (Summer 1999) Published by Mujeres Activas en Letras y Cambio Social (MALCS) JSTOR 23013237

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Scott Johnson (June 11, 2011), "An unorthodox advocate", East Bay Times, Oakland
  2. ^ Staff, Economic Policy Institute , retrieved 2017-12-04
  3. ^ "Oakland educator prepares for Harvard doctorate program", East Bay Times, Oakland, June 24, 2013
  4. ^ Wright, Sandi (2002-08-26). "Resendiz Case Spotlights Carson Racial Tension". Reno Gazette-Journal. p. 4. Retrieved 2017-12-04 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ Speakers – César Cruz, Uncharted: the Berkeley Festival of Ideas, archived from the original on 2017-12-04, retrieved 2017-12-04
  6. ^ San Francisco rioting prompts all-night curfew, Ukiah, California: Associated Press, May 1, 1992, p. 3 – via Ukiah Daily Journal
  7. ^ Miller, Martin (1995-10-30). "7 Arrested at UC Irvine Hunger Strike : Protest: Five of those held were in their 13th day of fasting over the dismantling of affirmative action. Officers move in after the students disobey an order to abandon camp". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  8. ^ "Fast: Students End 15-Day UCI Hunger Strike". The Los Angeles Times. 1995-11-02. p. 102. Retrieved 2017-12-04 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Dizon, Lily (1995-10-31). "35 Protesters Stage Sit-In at UCI Office : Rally: Group issues demands in support of affirmative action and arrested hunger strikers". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  10. ^ Rau, Jordan; Salladay, Robert (2004-06-05). "Protesters Win Deal From Gov". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  11. ^ Miranda Ortega, Ivan. "History of Conference |". hermanosunidos.org. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
  12. ^ Alumna Carmen Perez Returns to Campus as Chavez Convocation Keynote Speaker, UC Santa Cruz, May 13, 2016, archived from the original on December 5, 2017 – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  13. ^ "Cesar Chavez Commemorative Celebration: March 27, 2018", County government website, Contra Costa County, California, retrieved 2017-12-04
  14. ^ "Homeboy Industries: A brief history", Anderson Cooper 360, CNN, March 12, 2010
  15. ^ Cruz, Cesar A. (2016), Letting Go of Clecha, While Holding Corazón; Developing a New Approach to Empowering Youth in Gangs the Homeboy Industries Way (Doctoral dissertation), Harvard Graduate School of Education – via Harvard DASH repository
  16. ^ Joe Vazquez (2016-07-01). "California Teens Head To Flint To Help Undocumented Immigrants Obtain Water". CBS Local San Francisco. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  17. ^ "Jefferson Award Winner Paves Path For Oakland Gang Harmony". CBS SF Bay Area. 2011-04-06. Retrieved 2017-12-04.

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