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|Born||César Felipe Millán Favela
August 27, 1969
Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
|Residence||Santa Clarita, California, U.S.|
|Television||Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan, Dog Nation|
|Spouse(s)||Ilusión Millan (1994–2010 ; filed for divorce)|
|Partner(s)||Jahira Dar (2013–present)|
Cesar Millan (/ /; born César Felipe Millán Favela [ˈsesar feˈlipe miˈʝan faˈβela]; August 27, 1969) is a Mexican-American dog behaviorist. He is widely known for his television series Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan, which was produced from 2004 to 2012 and is broadcast in more than eighty countries worldwide. Prior to The Dog Whisperer series, Millan focused on rehabilitating severely aggressive dogs and founded the Dog Psychology Center in South Los Angeles (2002–2008). In 2009, the Dog Psychology Center moved to Santa Clarita, California. Millan also opened an East Coast clinic at the Country Inn Pet Resort in Davie, Florida, near Fort Lauderdale.
Millan's first three books, including Cesar's Way, all became New York Times best sellers, have cumulatively sold two million copies in the United States, and are available in 14 other countries. In 2009, in conjunction with IMG, Millan introduced a monthly magazine also titled Cesar's Way, with The Wall Street Journal reporting at that time that half of American consumers recognized Millan. The magazine ceased publication after its November/December 2014 issue. With Ilusión Millan, his former wife, he founded the Millan Foundation – later renamed the Cesar Millan Foundation and currently called the Cesar Millan PACK Project. Among other projects, the Foundation worked with Yale University to create a children's curriculum based on his work.
Millan has said, "My goal in rehabilitating dogs and training people is to create balanced relationships between humans and canines." In 2009, The New York Times attributed Millan's success to his personal sense of balance, describing this as "a sort of über-balanced mien". Millan's methods have been criticized by the animal welfare charity RSPCA and by the broadcaster Alan Titchmarsh as being "cruel" and also "unnecessary". In 2010, Millan was hospitalized after an attempted suicide. In April 2016, he announced his engagement to long-time girlfriend Jahira Dar.
César Millán Favela was born on August 27, 1969, to Felipe Millán Guillen and María Teresa Favela in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. Millan grew up working with animals on the farm in Sinaloa where his grandfather was a tenant farmer. Because of his natural way with dogs, he was called el Perrero, "the dog boy". The family later moved to Mazatlán. Millan crossed the border into the United States without a visa when he was 21 years old and spoke no English.
Millan's first job in the United States was at a dog grooming store. He later created the Pacific Point Canine Academy. Jada Pinkett Smith became one of Millan's first clients and supporters when he was working as a limousine driver, providing him with an English tutor for a year. Subsequently, Millan created the Dog Psychology Center, a two-acre (0.81 ha) facility in South Los Angeles, specializing in working with large breed dogs.
In 2002, after a profile in the Los Angeles Times, Millan worked with MPH Entertainment, Inc. developing a television pilot for Dog Whisperer, a reality television series that follows Millan as he works in the field of dog rehabilitation. The series premiered on September 13, 2004, on the National Geographic Channel, subsequently moving to the Nat Geo WILD channel. The show would become National Geographic's No. 1 show during its first season and was broadcast in more than eighty countries worldwide during its run. The final episode of the show was broadcast in the U.S. on September 15, 2012.
In 2009, Cesar Millan launched Cesar’s Way magazine in the United States and Canada, for which he was the Editorial Director. The magazine combined advice from Millan along with articles about the relationship between dogs and humans. Cesar Millan's Leader of the Pack was an American documentary television series on the Nat Geo Wild channel which ran from January 5, 2013 to March 26, 2013. The next year, 2014, saw the premiere of Millan's new series, Cesar 911, on the Nat Geo WILD channel; in non-American markets, it’s known as Cesar to the Rescue. In 2015, he teamed up with children's television veterans Sid and Marty Krofft to create Mutt & Stuff, a preschool television show for the Nickelodeon channel. Millan's son Calvin stars on the series. In early 2017, Cesar and his older son Andre will appear in the all-new series Dog Nation, premiering March 3.
Dog training technique
Millan's work focuses on handling a dog with what he calls "calm-assertive energy". He believes that dog owners should establish their role as calm-assertive pack leaders. According to Millan, dogs have three primary needs: exercise, discipline and affection — in that order. In other words, it is the owner's responsibility to fulfill the dog's energy level needs through challenging exercise; then to provide clearly communicated rules, boundaries and limitations; and finally, to provide affection. According to Millan, a common pitfall for American dog owners is to give a great deal of affection with very little exercise and even less discipline. He encourages owners to understand the effect their own attitudes, internal emotions and physical postures have on a dog's behavior, counseling owners to hold strong posture (i.e., shoulders high and chest forward) and to project energy that is calm-assertive.
Millan's TV programs show him at work rehabilitating dogs and conversing with owners in order to educate them in his dog-handling philosophy. The conversations with owners typically revolve around his philosophy that healthy, balanced dogs require strong "pack leadership" from their owners, specifically in the form of exercise, discipline and affection (in that order), with Millan demonstrating how owners can achieve and maintain a leadership role with their dogs. In some cases, Millan takes dogs with severe behavioral problems to his Dog Psychology Center for an extended period of more intensive rehabilitation. The programs are not intended as a dog training guide, and each episode contains repeated warnings that viewers should not try the behavior modification techniques at home without the guidance of a professional.
While working with a dog, Millan often uses vocal marks such as tsch, gestures, and body language to communicate with dogs rather than speech or the dog's name. Cesar encourages owners to create their own unique sound that works for them. He believes that dogs sense, understand, and respond to a person's energy more easily than their speech.
According to a January 2007 article in the Indian scientific journal Current Science, some professional dog trainers find Millan's methods outdated, flawed and "unscientific and inhumane." Millan's detractors say that what Millan calls "calm submission" is actually a state of helplessness that is the result of averse dog-training techniques. A study in Applied Animal Behaviour Science said Millan has been influential in popularizing punitive techniques, but that bad behavior from dogs was caused by fear and anxiety, not a lack of the owner's alpha status. A journalist from The New Yorker said that critics were responding to a "highly edited" version of his approach on television, which exaggerates the frequency and intensity that he uses when he disciplines the dogs.
In October 2012, Millan appeared on The Alan Titchmarsh Show. Titchmarsh called his methods "cruel" and "unnecessary", citing a video in which, Titchmarsh said, Millan punched a dog in the throat. Millan called it a touch, not a punch. Titchmarsh read out an RSPCA statement saying that "Adverse training techniques which have been seen to be used by Cesar Millan can cause pain and fear for dogs and may worsen their behavioural problems." Metro UK described the interview as the first time that Titchmarsh has "deviated from his usual interview strategy – which runs the gamut from mild to wild sycophancy" and described him as "probably the only celeb Millan has failed to win over..."
Millan became a permanent resident of the United States in 2000, became a United States citizen in 2009, and lives in Los Angeles, California. He married Ilusión Wilson in 1994, with whom he had two sons, André (b. 1995) and Calvin (b. 2001).
In June 2010, Ilusión Millan filed for divorce, seeking primary physical custody of their children with visitation for Cesar, as well as spousal support. In May 2010, after his dog Daddy died in February and his wife filed for divorce, Millan attempted suicide. Since August 2010, he has been in a relationship with Jahira Dar from the Dominican Republic. They announced their engagement in April, 2016.
Daddy and Junior
One of Millan's many dogs, Daddy (Harry Bartlett), was an American Pit Bull Terrier integral to Millan's work and his television series, The Dog Whisperer. Millan later selected another pit bull puppy, Junior, as Daddy's protégé — to apprentice, learn his temperament and prepare to assume Daddy's role after his death. Daddy's death came at age 16 in February 2010. After the death of Daddy, Junior has now assumed Daddy's role and helps Cesar with rehabilitating dogs by using what Millan refers to as calm, assertive energy.
In popular culture
Millan guest-starred as himself in Ghost Whisperer in Season 2, Episode 18, "Children of Ghosts". In the episode, Melinda (Jennifer Love Hewitt) seeks out Millan for advice on how to help Homer, Ghost Whisperer's ghost dog (from Season 1), cross over into the light. A satirized version of Millan was portrayed in "Tsst", the May 3, 2006, episode of the Comedy Central animated series South Park. In the episode, Liane Cartman enlists Millan's help in applying his principles to her misbehaving son, Eric Cartman. The principles work, and Eric becomes completely reformed, but Liane fails to continue applying Millan's techniques, and Eric reverts to his old behavior. Millan played himself in "The Finger in the Nest", the September 17, 2008, episode of Bones, helping the lead characters to determine if a location was used for dog fighting. Millan played himself in Beethoven's Big Break, which premiered in cinemas on December 30, 2008, and the The Back-Up Plan, which was released April 23, 2010, in theaters.
Millan made a guest appearance as a judge on Episode 3 of the 10th season of The Apprentice, a contestant in the April 27, 2011 episode of Jeopardy! and as a chef's table guest in the Season 15 episode of Hell's Kitchen.
- Cesar Millan; Melissa Jo Peltier (March 2007). Cesar's Way: The Natural, Everyday Guide to Understanding and Correcting Common Dog Problems. New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307-33797-9. OCLC 62134773.
- Cesar Millan; Melissa Jo Peltier (March 2007). Be the Pack Leader: Use Cesar's Way to Transform Your Dog . . . and Your Life. New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307-38167-5.
- Cesar Millan; Melissa Jo Peltier (March 2008). A Member of the Family: Cesar Millan's Guide to a Lifetime of Fulfillment with Your Dog. New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307-40891-4.
- Cesar Millan; Melissa Jo Peltier (2009). How to Raise the Perfect Dog: Through Puppyhood and Beyond. New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307-46129-2.
- Cesar Millan; Melissa Jo Peltier (2010). Cesar's Rules: Your Way to Train a Well-Behaved Dog. New York: Crown Archetype. ISBN 978-0-307-71686-6.
- Cesar Millan (2013). Cesar Millan's Short Guide to a Happy Dog: 98 Essential Tips and Techniques. Washington, D.C.: National Geography Society. ISBN 978-1-4262-1190-4.
- Cesar Millan; Melissa Jo Peltier (2017). Cesar Millan's Lesson's from the Pack: Stories of the Dogs Who Changed My Life. Washington, D.C.: National Geography Society. ISBN 978-1-4262-16138.
- Cesar Millan's Mastering Leadership Series, Volume 1: People Training for Dogs (2005)
- Cesar Millan's Mastering Leadership Series, Volume 2: Becoming a Pack Leader (2006)
- Cesar Millan's Mastering Leadership Series, Volume 3: Your New Dog: First Day and Beyond (2007)
- Cesar Millan's Mastering Leadership Series, Volume 4: Sit and Stay the Cesar Way (2008)
- Cesar Millan's Mastering Leadership Series, Volume 5: Common Canine Misbehaviors (2009)
- Cesar Millan's Mastering Leadership Series, Volume 6: Raising the Perfect Puppy (2010)
- Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan – The Complete First Season (2006)
- Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan – The Complete Second Season (2007)
- Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan – The Complete Third Season (2008)
- Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan – Celebrity Edition (2008)
- Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan – The Complete Fourth Season, Volume 1 (2010)
- Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan – The Complete Fourth Season, Volume 2 (2010)
- Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan – The Complete Fifth Season (2011)
- Cesar Millan's Leader of the Pack (2013)
- Cesar Millan: Love My Pit Bull (2014)
- Essentials of Dog Behavior, Volume 1: Socialization (2014)
- Essentials of Dog Behavior, Volume 2: The Language of Dogs (2015)
- Cesar Millan: Viva Las Vegas (2015)
- "Mutt & Stuff, Season 1" (2015)
- "Mutt & Stuff, Season 2" (2016)
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- on YouTube
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- – The Dog Psychology Center: Evolution of a Dream
- Wallace, Amy (October 11, 2009). "Whispering to Rottweilers, and to C.E.O.'s". The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
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Almost half of USA's consumers already know who he is, and consumers' awareness of Mr. Millan has grown 12% since May 2008, according to Davie-Brown, an Omnicom Group company that tracks the appeal of celebrities.[dead link]
- - Cesar Millan PACK Project website
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- Millan, Cesar. "Cesar returns in March with Dog Nation".
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- "How to 'Tsch!' [Video]". CesarsWay.com, Cesar Millan.
- "How to be calm and assertive". Retrieved October 6, 2015.
- Fraser, Stephen (January 19, 2007), "Ruff Treatment", Current Science, 92 (10): 8
- Herron, Meghan E.; Shofer, Frances S.; Reisner, Ilana R. (2009). "Survey of the use and outcome of confrontational and non-confrontational training methods in client-owned dogs showing undesired behaviors" (PDF). Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 117 (1-2): 47–54. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2008.12.011. ISSN 0168-1591.
- The Dog Whisperer
- Nelson, Sara (October 25, 2012). "Alan Titchmarsh Brands Dog Whisperer Cesar Millan 'Barbaric'". Huffington Post. Retrieved September 2, 2013.(link includes video)
- Williams, Andrew (April 22, 2014). "Dog whisperer Cesar Millan: Hollywood is full of predators".
- Carpenter, Wendy (April 20, 2012). "'Dog Whisperer' host finalizes divorce, must pay ex-wife $23,000 a month". Yahoo! News.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved 2015-01-29. Tweet by casarmillan @twitter.com from August 13, 2013
- Matthew Buchanan. "Celebrating 3 years together! #happyanniversary... • Cesar Millan". tumblr.com. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
- "Instagram". Instagram. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
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- "In Memoriam: Daddy the Pit Bull". Retrieved February 21, 2010.
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- "Jeopardy, Show #6138 – Wednesday, April 27, 2011". Jeopardy.com. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
- Biography Today. 15 (3): 73–83. Missing or empty
- Peltier, Cesar Millan with Melissa Jo (2006). Cesar's way : the natural, everyday guide to understanding and correcting common dog problems (1st ed.). New York: Harmony Books. ISBN 0-307-33733-2.
- Millan, Cesar; Peltier, Melissa Jo (2007). Be the Pack Leader. New York: Harmony Books.