Cesar Rene Arce
Cesar Rene Arce (born in 1976) was shot to death in Los Angeles in 1995 at age 18. Cesar was part of a crew named C.F.K (Crazy Familia Klan) which is now considered a street gang under the Los Angeles Gang Injunction. Arce was writing graffiti under the Hollywood Freeway with a friend, David Hillo, 20, also a member of cfk, when they were confronted by William Masters, a former U.S. Marine allegedly acting as vigilante. Although details of the confrontation are in dispute, it ended with Masters shooting both men. Arce was shot in the back and killed during the dispute. Masters was prosecuted for misdemeanor weapons charges, but, based on his claim of self-defense, was never charged in Arce's death.
The death of Arce, who was of Mexican heritage, stirred deep controversy within the Los Angeles community at the time, and he has become somewhat of a martyr among graffiti artist supporters and other social activists.He is also considered an idol in the graffiti community.
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- Lee, Cynthia (2003). "Crimes of Fear". Murder and the Reasonable Man: Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom. New York University Press. pp. 156–159. ISBN 0-8147-5115-6.
- Kramer, Pamela (1995-02-13). "City appears divided yet again over slain tagger, pizza thief". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- Chang, Jeff, "The writing on the wall: why are graffiti and vandalism bad words in the left?", ColorLines Magazine, 2002.
- "Death of a Graffiti Writer; The Vigilante Killing of Cesar Rene Arce", Revolution: Voice of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA, Feb. 19, 1995.