Cesária Évora

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Cesária Évora
Cesária Évora 2008.jpg
Cesária Évora in 2008
Background information
Born (1941-08-27)27 August 1941
Mindelo, Cape Verde
Died 17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (aged 70)
São Vicente, Cape Verde
Genres Morna
Coladera
Occupation(s) Singer
Years active 1957–2011
Labels Lusafrica

Cesária Évora (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈzaɾiɐ ˈɛvuɾɐ]; 27 August 1941 – 17 December 2011) was a Cape Verdean popular singer. Nicknamed the "Barefoot Diva" for performing without shoes,[1] she was also known as the "Queen of Morna".[2]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

"Cise" (as she was known to friends) was born on 27 August 1941 in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde. When she was seven years old her father,Justino da Cruz Évora who was a part-time musician,[3] died, and at the age of ten she was placed in an orphanage, as her mother Dona Joana could not raise all six children. At the age of 16, she was persuaded by a friend to sing in a sailors' tavern.[2]

The house of Cesária Évora, today, it is a museum

She grew up at the famous house in Mindelo where other singers used from the 1940s to the 1970s, at 35 Rua de Moeda.[citation needed] Other Cape Verdean singers came to the place including Djô d'Eloy, Bana, Eddy Moreno, Luis Morais and Manuel de Novas (also as Manuel d'Novas), there she received his musical education there.

Musical career[edit]

In the 1960s, she started singing on Portuguese cruise ships stopping at Mindelo as well as on the local radio. It was only in 1985 when at the invitation of Cape Verdean singer Bana she went to perform in Portugal. In Lisbon she was discovered by the producer José da Silva and invited to record in Paris.[4]

Évora's international success came only in 1988 with the release of her first commercial album La Diva Aux Pieds Nus, recorded in France. Prior to the release of the La Diva Aux Pieds Nus album, Cesaria recorded her first LP titled "Cesaria" in 1987. This Album was later released on CD in 1995 as Audiophile Legends.[2] Her 1992 album Miss Perfumado sold over 300,000 copies worldwide.[5] It included one of her most celebrated songs, "Sodade".

In 1994, Bau joined her touring band and two years later, he became her musical director up to September 1999.

Her 1995 album Cesária brought her broader international success and the first Grammy Award nomination.[2] In 1997, she won KORA All African Music Awards in three categories: "Best Artist of West Africa", "Best Album" and "Merit of the Jury".[6] In 2003, her album Voz d'Amor was awarded a Grammy in the World music category.[2]

In 2006 in Italy Cesaria met Alberto Zeppieri (songwriter, journalist and record producer), who would dedicate to her "Capo Verde, terra d'amore" (www.capoverde-italia.it), taking care of all creative adaptations in Italian. Cesaria agreed to duet with Gianni Morandi [2], Gigi D'Alessio [3] and Ron [4]. The project, now in its fifth volume, gives visibility and raises funds for the UN World Food Programme, for which Cesaria was the Ambassador from 2003.[7]

Later in 2006, she released her next album Rogamar it was a success and charted six European countries including France, Poland and the Netherlands. On her tour in Australia in 2008, she suffered a stroke. In 2009, she released her final album Nha Sentimento which was recorded in Mindelo and Paris by José da Silva, the album reached number 6 in Poland and number 21 in France.

In 2009, she was made a knightess of the French Legion of Honour by the French French Minister of Culture and Communications Christine Albanel, the first Cape Verdean who became one.

She was awarded for the last time at the 2010 Kora All African Music Awards for the "Merit of the Jury" for the second time.

Personal life[edit]

Cesària Évora dated Eduardo de Jon Xalino when she lived at Rua de Moeda, he was also a singer, relative of the great Bana.

Her cousin was another singer Hermínia da Cruz Fortes, she was an uncle of António da Rocha Évora and Xavier da Cruz.

Death[edit]

In 2010, Évora performed a series of concerts, the last of which was in Lisbon on 8 May. Two days later, after a heart attack, she was operated on at a hospital in Paris. On the morning of 11 May 2010 she was taken off artificial pulmonary ventilation, and on 16 May she was discharged from the intensive-care unit and transported to a clinic for further treatment. In late September 2011, Évora's agent announced that she was ending her career due to poor health.[8]

On 17 December 2011, aged 70, Évora died in São Vicente, Cape Verde, from respiratory failure and hypertension.[9] A Spanish newspaper reported that 36 hours before her death she was still receiving people – and smoking – in her home in Mindelo, popular for always having its doors open.[10]

Legacy[edit]

A Capeverdean $2000 escudo note featuring Cesária Évora
The violin that Évora used on the back of the Capeverdean $2000 escudo note
  • In 2003, she was appeared on a Cape Verdean stamp[11]
  • In 2004, Cesária Évora recorded a Creole version of the single "Il ragazzo della via Gluck" which was done by Adriano Celentano. It was featured in the album C’è sempre un motivo
  • In 2004, a Russian singer Sergei Penkin made a track titled "Posvyatsenie Cesárii Évora" in the album Ne zav'iban.
    Statue of Cesária Évora at the front of the terminal of the island's international airport
  • On March 8, 2012, Cape Verde's third busiest airport was named after her. At its terminal entrance, a statue of herself was erected in the same year.
  • On 3 September 2013, her name was boosted publicly by the Belgian musician Stromae, when he released his famous album Racine Carrée[citation needed] that includes "Ave Cesaria", a track that honours Cesária Évora, one of Stromae's favourite artists.
  • On June 18, 2014, a small new street in the 19th Arrondissement of Paris was named, it is located near Boulevard Macdonald in the Pont-de-Flandre quarter. Several residential street across a part of Europe have been named for her.
  • On September 19, 2014, the Seine-Saint-Denis department named a new collegiate in Montreuil after her and is located on Rue des Jardins Dufour
  • On December 22, 2014, the Banco de Cabo Verde introduced a new series of banknotes that honor Cape Verdean figures in the fields of literature, music, and politics. Her face was featured in the new 2000 Escudos banknote.
  • In 2014 or 2015, a street in the west of the Capeverdean capital of Praia is named for her in Palmarejo Grande near Jean Piaget University, it intersects Avenida Eugenio Paula de Tavares.
  • The awarded feature documentary Tchindas is a tribute to her after her death, and contains several of her songs.
  • In December 2016, singer Fantcha launched a new album entitled Nôs Caminhada, in hommage to her mentor Cesária Évora, including a number of traditional songs (mornas and coladeiras) that had been interpreted by Cesária Évora. It also features a very special song, "Nôs Caminhada", remember the moments spent with the beloved one, the singer considers Évora as her second mom.

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
FRA
[12]
POR
[13]
BEL (WA)
[14]
BEL (FL)
[15]
FIN
[16]
SWI
[17]
NLD
[18]
POL
[19]
US World
[20]
Cesaria
  • Released: 1987
  • Label: Discos Mindelo
  • Formats: LP, CD
La Diva Aux Pieds Nus
  • Released: 1988
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[21]
Distino di Belita
  • Released: 1990
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[22]
Mar Azul
  • Released: 15 November 1991
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[23]
Miss Perfumado
  • Released: 1 January 1992
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[24]
42 153
Cesária
  • Released: 18 July 1995
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[27]
36
Cabo Verde
  • Released: 18 March 1997
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[28]
17 40 44 3
Café Atlantico
  • Released: 25 May 1999
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[29]
12 32 4
São Vicente di Longe
  • Released: 5 June 2001
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[33]
11 19 40 32 55 15
Voz d'Amor
  • Released: 23 September 2003
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[34]
12 22 88 57 3 2
Rogamar
  • Released: 6 March 2006
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[36]
19 17 23 75 38 75 4 12
Nha Sentimento
  • Released: 26 October 2009
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[37]
21 82 83 6
Cesaria Evora & ...
  • Released: 29 November 2010
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[39]
102 9 2
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Posthumous albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions
FRA
[12]
BEL (WA)
[14]
BEL (FL)
[15]
FIN
[16]
POL
[19]
Mâe carinhosa
  • Released: 4 March 2013
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[40]
23 50 198 45 8
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Compilation albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
FRA
[12]
POR
[13]
BEL (WA)
[14]
SWI
[17]
POL
[19]
Sodade – Les Plus Belles Mornas de Cesária
  • Released: 23 October 1994
  • Label: BMG
  • Formats: CD
Best of
  • Released: 19 October 1998
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
85 13 20 34
Les Essentiels
  • Released: 28 May 2002
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
Anthologie – Mornas & Coladeras
  • Released: 1 July 2002
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
35 58
Anthology
  • Released: 22 July 2002
  • Label: RCA
  • Formats: CD
26
Radio Mindelo
  • Released: 23 December 2008
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: CD, digital download[41]
120
Capo Verde, terra d'amore - vol. 1
  • Released: 15 May 2009
  • Label: Sony Music Italy / Numar Un
  • Formats: CD, digital download[42]
-
The Essential Cesaria Evora
  • Released: 24 August 2010
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
Capo Verde, terra d'amore - vol. 2
  • Released: 16 November 2011
  • Label: Microcosmo / Numar Un
  • Formats: CD, digital download[43]
Capo Verde, terra d'amore - vol. 3
  • Released: 23 April 2012
  • Label: Egea Music / Numar Un
  • Formats: CD, digital download[44]
Capo Verde, terra d'amore - vol. 4
  • Released: 16 October 2013
  • Label: Egea Music / Numar Un
  • Formats: CD, digital download[45]
Capo Verde, terra d'amore_in Jazz - vol. 5
  • Released: 2 May 2014
  • Label: Musica Jazz / Numar Un
  • Formats: CD, digital download[46]
Greatest Hits
  • Released: 4 August 2015
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download
25
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Live albums[edit]

Title Album details
Live à l'Olympia
  • Released: 1996
  • Label: Tropical Music GmbH
  • Formats: CD
Live d' Amor: Cesaria Evora In Concert
  • Released: 12 July 2005
  • Label: Wrasse Records
  • Formats: DVD

Singles[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
FRA
[12]
NLD
[18]
"Cabo Verde" 1991
"Mar Azul"
"Sodade" 1992 42
"Nha Cancera Ka Tem Medida" 1995
"Apocalipse" 1997
"Cabo Verde Manda Mantenha" 1999
"Carnaval De Sao Vicente" 2000
"Nutridinha" 2001 88
"Tiempo Y Silencio" (with Pedro Guerra)
"Yamore" (with Salif Keita) 2002
"Mar De Canal" 2003
"Africa Nossa" (with Ismael Lo) 2006
"Crepuscolare Solitudine (Crepuscular Solidao)" (with Gianni Morandi) 2009
"Ligereza" 2009
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Special appearances[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Werb, Jessica (24 March 2006). "The Barefoot Diva on her best behaviour". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Grammy-winning singer Cesaria Evora dies at age 70". The Washingtion Times. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Cesaria Evora: Cape Verde's soulful 'barefoot diva'". The Independent. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Garth Cartwright: Cesária Évora obituary in The Guardian, 17 December 2011.
  5. ^ "BBC News - Singer Cesaria Evora dies at the age of 70". BBC News. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  6. ^ [1] Archived 28 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Capo Verde terra d'amore". www.capoverde-italia.it. Retrieved 2015-09-13. 
  8. ^ "Cesaria Evora termina a carreira aos 70" (in Portuguese). Publico.pt. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Evora leaving forever". Rt.com. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "Las últimas palabras de Césaria/Cesária's last words". Publico.es. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  11. ^ Stamp of Cesária Évora at the Univeral Postal Union
  12. ^ a b c d "Les Charts". Lescharts.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Portuguese Charts". Portuguesecharts.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "Belgium Charts (French)". Ultratop.be. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Belgium Charts (Flemish)". Ultratop.be. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Finnish Charts". Finnishcharts.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "The Official Schweizer Hit Parade". Hitparade.ch. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Dutch Charts". Dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c "Olis : Polish Chart". Olis.onyx.pl. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Cesária Évora". Billboard.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "iTunes - Music - La diva aux pieds nus by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "iTunes - Music - Distino Di Belita by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "iTunes - Music - Mar Azul by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "iTunes - Music - Miss Perfumado by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "CESARIA EVORA : The best Capevrerdean Singer". Caboverde.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h "Albums - SNEP". SNEP. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  27. ^ "iTunes - Music - Cesaria by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "iTunes - Music - Cabo Verde by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  29. ^ "iTunes - Music - Café Atlantico by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  30. ^ "Cesaria Evora : Biography". Rfmusique.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  31. ^ "Golden - Platinum". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2 August 2003. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  32. ^ a b c d e "ZPAV :: Bestsellery i wyróżnienia - Strona główna". Zpav.pl. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  33. ^ "iTunes - Music - Sao Vicente by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  34. ^ "iTunes - Music - Voz d'Amor by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  35. ^ a b c d "ZPAV :: Bestsellery i wyróżnienia - Strona główna". Zpav.pl. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  36. ^ "iTunes - Music - Rogamar by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  37. ^ "iTunes - Music - Nha Sentimento by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  38. ^ "ZPAV :: Bestsellery i wyróżnienia - Strona główna". Zpav.pl. Archived from the original on 18 August 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  39. ^ "iTunes - Music - Cesaria Evora & ... by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  40. ^ "iTunes - Music - Mãe Carinhosa by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  41. ^ "iTunes - Music - Radio Mindelo by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  42. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/it/album/capo-verde-terra-damore-vol./id519907200.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  43. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/it/album/capo-verde-terra-damore-vol.-2/id409520807.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  44. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/it/album/capo-verde-terra-damore-vol./id520045713.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  45. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/it/album/capo-verde-terra-damore-vol./id736004214.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  46. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/it/album/capo-verde-terra-damore-vol./id867616163.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]