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Cessna 182 Skylane

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Cessna 182 Skylane
Role Light utility aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company
First flight 10 September 1955[1]
Introduction 1956
Status In production
Produced 1956–1985,
Number built 23,237+[2]
Developed from Cessna 180
1956 Cessna 182 on floats
Cessna R182 Skylane RG, one of two variants with retractable landing gear
Cockpit of Cessna 182M Skylane
1958 Cessna 182A landing
1967 model Cessna 182K belonging to the Canadian Owners and Pilots Association
A Cessna 182P
Reims Cessna F182Q
Cessna 182Q fitted with the SMA SR305-230 engine
Cessna T182T
Cessna 182J
1981 Cessna 182R Skylane
T182T cockpit with Garmin G1000

The Cessna 182 Skylane is an American four-seat, single-engined light airplane built by Cessna of Wichita, Kansas. It has the option of adding two child seats in the baggage area.

Introduced in 1956, the 182 has been produced in a number of variants, including a version with retractable landing gear, and is the second-most popular Cessna model still in production after the 172.


The Cessna 182 was introduced in 1956 as a tricycle gear variant of the 180. In 1957, the 182A variant was introduced, followed by a deluxe version the following year known as the Skylane.[3] As production continued, later models were improved regularly with features such as a wider fuselage, swept tailfin with rear "omni-vision" window, enlarged baggage compartment, higher gross weights, landing gear changes, etc. The "restart" aircraft built after 1996 were different in many other details including a different engine, new seating design, etc.[citation needed]

By mid-2013, Cessna planned to introduce the next model of the 182T, designated the JT-A, using the 227 hp (169 kW) SMA SR305-230 diesel engine running on Jet-A with a burn rate of 11 U.S. gallons (42 L; 9.2 imp gal) per hour and cruise at 155 kn (287 km/h).[4][5] Cessna has no timeline for the JT-A.[6] The normally aspirated, avgas-fueled 182 went out of production in 2012, but came back in 2015.[7]

Cessna 182s were also built in Argentina by DINFIA, as the A182, and in France by Reims Aviation, as the F182.


The Cessna 182 is an all-metal (mostly aluminum alloy) aircraft, although some parts – such as engine cowling nosebowl and wingtips – are made of fiberglass or thermoplastic material. Its wing has the same planform as the smaller Cessna 172 and the larger 205/206 series; however, some wing details, such as flap and aileron design, are the same as the 172 and are not like the 205/206 components.

Retractable gear[edit]

The retractable gear R182 and TR182 were offered from 1978 to 1986, without and with engine turbocharging, respectively. The model designation nomenclature differs from some other Cessna models with optional retractable gear. For instance, the retractable version of the Cessna 172 was designated as the 172RG and the 177RG , whereas the retractable gear version of the Cessna 182 is the R182. Cessna gave the R182 the marketing name of "Skylane RG".[8]

The R182 and TR182 offer 10-15% improvement in climb and cruise speeds over their fixed-gear counterparts, or alternatively, 10-15% better fuel economy at the same speeds at the expense of increased maintenance costs and decreased gear robustness. The 1978 R182 has a sea-level climb rate of 1140 ft/min and cruising speed (75% BHP) at 7,500 feet (2,300 m) of 156 KTAS at standard temperature.[9]

The landing-gear retraction system in the Skylane RG uses hydraulic actuators powered by an electrically driven pump. The system includes a gear position warning that emits an intermittent tone through the cabin speaker when the gear is in the retracted position and either the throttle is reduced below about 12 inHg manifold pressure MAP) or the flaps are extended beyond 20°. In the event of a hydraulic pump failure, the landing gear may be lowered using a hand pump to pressurize the hydraulic system. The system does not, however, allow the landing gear to be manually retracted.[9]


Cessna has historically used model years similar to U.S. auto manufacturers, with sales of new models typically starting a few months prior to the actual calendar year.

Initial production version built only for the 1956 model year. Powered by a carbureted 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L piston engine, gross weight 2,550 lb (1,157 kg). Certified on 2 March 1956. 844 built.[3][8][10]
Introduced for the 1957 model year with manual flaps, redesigned landing gear for improved ground handling, and an increased gross weight of 2,650 lb (1,202 kg). A deluxe version was introduced for the 1958 model year as the Skylane with full exterior paint, wheel fairings, and an improved engine cowling with the exhaust stack moved to the right to improve engine cooling. Certified on 7 December 1956. 1713 total built; 911 (1957) and 802 (1958).[3][8][10]
1959 model year with a more streamlined cowling with cowl flaps, a new instrument panel cover, and improved ventilation. Certified on 22 August 1958. 802 built.[3][8][10]
1960 model year with a redesigned swept vertical tail and smaller wing root fillets. The cabin was also redesigned with more headroom, molded plastic control wheels, and a third cabin window. Certified on 8 July 1959. 650 built, plus four largely identical L-19L models for the Canadian Army.[3][8][10]
1961 model year with a key start switch, cam-lock cowling fasteners, and decreased landing gear height. Certified on 14 June 1960. 591 built.[3][8][10]
1962 model year with a cut down rear fuselage with "Omni-Vision" rear windows, electric "Para-Lift" flaps, a redesigned horizontal stabilizer, elevator and rudder trim tabs, a new tailcone and wingtips, and 65 US gal (250 L) neoprene fuel bladders. Wheel fairings, which were previously exclusive to the deluxe Skyhawk model, were made standard of the 182E. Power was provided by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R piston engine and gross weight was increased to 2,800 lb (1,270 kg). Certified on 27 June 1961. 826 built.[3][8][10]
1963 model year with minor refinements including magnesium rudder peddles. Certified on 1 August 1962. 635 built.[3][8][10]
1964 model year with redesigned rear and aft cabin windows for improved visibility. Certified on 19 July 1963. 786 built.[3][8][10]
1965 model year with new propeller spinner, increased horizontal stabilizer span, and one-piece windshield. Certified on 17 September 1964. 840 built.[3][8][10]
1966 model year with magnesium control wheels and new door latches. Certified on 20 October 1965. 941 built, plus 56 shipped to Argentina as the A182J.[3][8][10]
1967 model year with short-stroke oleo strut nose gear, increased vertical stabilizer tip length, and "Omni-Flash" rotating beacon. Certified on 3 August 1966. 880 built, plus 40 shipped to Argentina as the A182K.[3][8][10]
1968 model year with new boom microphone, pre-select flap controls, and relocated flight instruments. Certified on 28 July 1967. 820 built, plus 20 shipped to Argentina as the A182L.[3][8][10]
1969 model year with optional electroluminescent instrument panel lighting. A turn coordinator was added as standard equipment for the deluxe Skylane model. Certified on 19 September 1968. 750 built.[3][8][10] An experimental version of this model was used to test a full cantilever wing originally intended for the Cessna 343 (later 187).[3]
Introduced for the 1970 model year with a more streamlines cowling, conical camber wingtips, a revised instrument panel, and gross weight increased to 2,950 lb (1,338 kg). The 1971 model year introduced shoulder harnesses for the front seats and improved cabin soundproofing. Certified on 17 September 1969. 770 total built; 390 (1970) and 380 (1971), plus 20 built by Argentina in 1972 as the A182N with the improvements of that year's 182P.[3][8][10]
Introduced for the 1972 model year with cowling-mounted landing/taxi lights, tubular steel main landing gear with increased track width, "Camber-Lift" withs with a new leading edge, a push-button annunciator panel, and redesigned control wheels. The 1973 model year introduced bonded cowl and cabin doors, a shock-mounted cowling, and an extended dorsal fairing. 1974 introduced tighter door/window seals, new engine cooling baffle seals, a constant-speed propeller, and optional 84 US gal (320 L) fuel tanks and oxygen system. 1975 introduced new wheel/break fairings and the Skylane II with improved avionics. 1976 introduced a new 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-S engine, as well as improved wing root fairings. Certified on 8 October 1971. 4,371 total built; 621 (1972), 1,040 (1973), 1,010 (1974), 820 (1975), and 880 (1976), plus 25 built in France by Reims Aviation in 1976 as the F182P.[3][8][10] In 1976, Cessna stopped offering the baseline 182, and all subsequent models carried the "Skylane" name.[10]
182Q Skylane
Introduced for the 1977 model year with a new 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-U engine and instrument panel fasteners, as well as minor changes to the instrument panel. The 1978 model year introduced a new 28V electrical system, molded plastic control wheels, and an avionics master switch. 1979 saw the replacement of the fuel bladders with a 88 US gal (330 L) wet wing as well as the introduction of a redesigned brake master cylinder and an alternator control unit (ACU). 1980 introduced a redesigned audio panel, marker beacon, flap position control indicator, and flap system circuitry as well as an optional writing table behind the pilots' seats. Certified on 28 July 1976. 2,537 total built; 790 (1977), 624 (1978), 709 (1979), and 414 (1980), plus 39 built by Reims in 1977 as the F182Q.[3][8][10]
182R/T182R Skylane
Introduced for the 1981 model year with an increased gross takeoff weight of 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) (landing remained at 2,950 lb (1,338 kg)), a new door latch system, and wing root vents. A new model, the T182R, was also introduced with a 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-L3C5D piston engine. The 1982 model year featured only minor changes. 1983 introduced an improved O-470-U, increased flap extension speed, a low vacuum warning light, an improved avionics cooling fan, improved rear seat ventilation, and an optional split-switch electric elevator trim system. Certified on 29 August 1980. 895 total built; 339 (1981), 237 (1982), 74 (1983), 65 (1984), 106 (1985), and 74 (1986) before all 182 production stopped.[3][8][10]
182S Skylane
Skylane production resumed in 1997 with the 182S, with Cessna dropping the model year system used on previous models. The 182S was powered by a fuel-injected 230 hp (172 kW) Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 and introduced multiple other improvements, such as new seats, cabin soundproofing, and corrosion proofing. Wheel fairings were no longer standard, though they were still an optional feature along with IFR GPS and a two-axis autopilot. A "Millennium edition" was introduced in 2000 with special exterior and interior appointments. Certified on 3 October 1996. 941 built.[8][10]
182T/T182T Skylane
Improved 182S introduced in 2001 with a redesigned cowling and wheel fairings, 12V power port, a smaller gear strut step, and other improvements. The T182T is powered by a turbocharged and fuel-injected 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming TIO-540-AK1A piston engine, a 4-place oxygen system, and other improvements for high altitude flight. 2004 saw the introduction of the optional "Nav III" avionics package and an optional leather interior. 2005 introduced redesigned wingtips, new landing lights, and optional AmSafe inflatable restraints (which became standard in 2009). 2007 introduced the Garmin G1000 instrument system as standard, as well as multiple optional additional avionics packages. Certified on 23 February 2001.[8][10] The 182T was the only variant in production as of July 2015.[11] The T182T was produced from 2001 to 2013, with production forecast to commence again in 2023.[12]

Special versions[edit]

R182 Skylane RG/TR182 Turbo Skylane RG
Introduced for the 1978 model year with retractable landing gear, a 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-J3C5D piston engine and a gross weight of 3,100 lb (1,406 kg). The 1979 model year increased fuel capacity from 75 US gal (280 L) to 88 US gal (330 L). Certified on 7 July 1977. The TR182 Turbo Skylane RG was powered by turbocharged 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-L3C5D and was certified on 12 September 1978. At least 2,024 total built; 583 (1978), 729 (1979), 314 (1980), 169 (1981), 129 (1982), 44 (1983), 25 (1984), and 31 (1985), with production continuing into 1986. Reims also built a total of 69; 21 (1978), 24 (1979), and 24 (1980) as the FR182 in France.[3][8][10]
T182JT-A Turbo Skylane JT-A
Powered by a 227 hp (169 kW) SMA SR305-230 diesel engine. It burns 11 U.S. gallons (42 L; 9.2 imp gal) per hour of Jet-A fuel and cruises at 156 kn (289 km/h). The model was first flown in May 2013, and as of July 2015, FAA certification is on hold indefinitely.[11] Originally introduced as the Turbo Skylane NXT, Cessna changed the name to avoid confusion with the Remos NXT.[5][13][14]
Robertson STOL 182
An aftermarket 182 STOL conversion certified in 1967 that changes the leading edge shape and aileron controls and lowers the stall speed below 35 mph (56 km/h).[15]


Civil users[edit]

The 182 is used by a multitude of civil operators, cadet organizations, and flight schools worldwide.

Government operators[edit]

 United States

Military operators[edit]

 El Salvador
 United Arab Emirates

Specifications (Cessna 182T)[edit]

3-view line drawing of the Cessna 182B Skylane
3-view line drawing of the Cessna 182B Skylane
3-view line drawing of the Cessna 182M Skylane
3-view line drawing of the Cessna 182M Skylane

Data from Cessna and AOPA[31][32]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 29 ft 0 in (8.84 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (10.97 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 4 in (2.84 m)
  • Wing area: 174 sq ft (16.2 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,970 lb (894 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,100 lb (1,406 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 air-cooled flat-six, 230 hp (170 kW)
  • Propellers: 3-bladed constant speed


  • Maximum speed: 150 kn (170 mph, 280 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 145 kn (167 mph, 269 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 49 kn (56 mph, 91 km/h)
  • Never exceed speed: 175 kn (201 mph, 324 km/h)
  • Range: 930 nmi (1,070 mi, 1,720 km)
  • Service ceiling: 18,100 ft (5,500 m)
  • Rate of climb: 924 ft/min (4.69 m/s)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists


  1. ^ Schiff, Barry (November 5, 2008). "Cessna 182: Mr. Popular". AOPA Pilot. Retrieved June 18, 2023.
  2. ^ Cessna website lists 22,336 Skylanes delivered up to 2007 plus 901 Turbo Skylanes delivered up to 2007. It does not indicate whether these numbers include the retractable-gear 182s, which are no longer in production, so are not discussed on their webpage. It also does not (as of 14 May 2009) list the 2008 delivery totals.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Phillips, Edward H: Wings of Cessna, Model 120 to the Citation III, Flying Books, 1986. ISBN 0-911139-05-2
  4. ^ Thomas B Haines (October 2012). "Jet A for your Skylane". AOPA Pilot.
  5. ^ a b Grady, Mary (July 22, 2012). "Cessna Unveils Jet A Engine For Skylane". AVweb. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
  6. ^ Bertorelli, Paul (May 12, 2015). "Has Cessna Suddenly Grown Cold On Diesel?". AVweb. Aviation Publishing Group. Retrieved May 13, 2015.
  7. ^ Pope, Stephen (May 14, 2015). "Gas-Powered Cessna 182 Back in Production". Flying. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Federal Aviation Administration (April 2009). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. 3A13 Revision 69" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 1, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
  9. ^ a b Cessna Aircraft Company (October 1977). Pilot's Operating Handbook, Skylane RG, 1978 Model R182.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Frank, John M. (April 11, 2012). "182 Model History" (PDF). Cessna Pilots Association. Retrieved June 5, 2024.
  11. ^ a b Marsh, Alton; Twombly, Ian (May 14, 2015). "Cessna halts orders for diesel Cessna 182". AOPA.org. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
  12. ^ O'Connor, Kate (February 10, 2022). "Turbo Skylane Returns To Textron Lineup". AVweb. Archived from the original on February 11, 2022. Retrieved February 11, 2022.
  13. ^ Cessna (n.d.). "Cessna 182JT-A Sheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 7, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  14. ^ Pew, Glenn (May 22, 2013). "Cessna's Jet-A Skylane Flies". AVweb. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  15. ^ Plane and Pilot. July 1967. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ Rivas 2020, pp. 80–81
  17. ^ "Belgische politie". polfed-fedpol.be. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
  18. ^ Transport Canada (December 2011). "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  19. ^ "Civil Air Patrol, Annual Report to Congress, 2008" (PDF). Civil Air Patrol. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2012. With 118 glass cockpit Cessna 182 Skylanes now in CAP's fleet, more and more CAP aircrews are benefiting from Cessna's state-of-the-art Garmin G1000 flight equipment.
  20. ^ "FBI behind mysterious surveillance aircraft over US cities - StarTribune.com". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
  21. ^ "Does The FBI Have A Fleet Of Surveillance Cessnas?". AVweb. May 31, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
  22. ^ "Mysterious low-flying plane over Twin Cities raises eyebrows - StarTribune.com". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  23. ^ "Afghan air force receives first three Cessna planes". kansas. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
  24. ^ a b c d e f Taylor, Michael: Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft, page 67. Bison Books, 1987. ISBN 0-8317-2808-6
  25. ^ "BDFAW Patch Air Wing Belize Defence Force Crest Defender Patch".
  26. ^ Air Force Public Affairs / Department of National Defence (April 2004). "Cessna L-182 (L-19L)". Archived from the original on November 15, 2007. Retrieved December 30, 2007.
  27. ^ a b c d e f Krivinyi, Nikolaus: World Military Aviation, page 148. Arco Publishing Co, 1977. ISBN 0-668-04348-2
  28. ^ "Peace Research Institute". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  29. ^ Simpson Air International May 2000, p. 296.
  30. ^ "Venezuela Army Equipment - Military - GlobalSecurity.orgCombat". GlobalSecurity.org. March 2, 2019. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  31. ^ "Cessna Skylane Specifications". Cessna Corporation. Archived from the original on August 2, 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
  32. ^ Boatman, Julie (March 2004). "Cessna 182T – Setting the Standard". AOPA Pilot. AOPA. Retrieved October 2, 2006.


External links[edit]