Cessna Citation family

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Citation families
Cessna 525B Citation CJ3 Opera Jet OM-OPA, LUX Luxembourg (Findel), Luxembourg PP1350972612.jpg
A Cessna 525B CJ3 behind a Citation Mustang
Role Business jet
Manufacturer Cessna
First flight 15 September 1969
Introduction 1972
Number built 7000
Variants Citation I / I/SP
Citation II/SII/Bravo
Citation III-VI-VII
Cessna Citation V/Ultra/Encore
Citation Excel/XLS/XLS+
CitationJet/CJ series
Citation Mustang
Citation X
Citation Sovereign
Citation Latitude
Citation Longitude
Citation Hemisphere

The Cessna Citation family is Cessna's business jets line. The 7,000th Citation was delivered on June 27, 2016, forming the largest business jet fleet: the first Citation was put into service in 1972 and more than 35 million flight hours have been logged since.[1]

It started with the small Citation I prototype flying on September 15, 1969 and produced until 1985, developed into the 1978-2006 Citation II/Bravo, the 1989-2011 Citation V/Ultra/Encore and the CitationJet since 1993. The standup Citation III/VI/VII was delivered from 1983 to 2000, its fuselage was reused in the Citation X/X+ delivered from 1996 to 2018, the Excel since 1998 and the Sovereign since 2004. The Mustang was a Very Light Jet delivered from 2006 to 2017 while the flat floor fuselage Latitude is delivered since 2015 and the larger Longitude from 2018.

Lineage[edit]

Models[edit]

Citation I[edit]

Model 500 Citation I

The small Citation I (500) was announced in October 1968, its Fanjet 500 prototype first flew on September 15, 1969 and it was certified as the Citation on September 9, 1971. It was upgraded in 1976 as the Citation I and a single pilot variant, production ended in 1985 after 689 deliveries. Powered by JT15D turbofans, the straight wing aircraft was developed into the Citation II/Bravo.

Citation II/Bravo[edit]

model 550 Citation II

The Citation II, a stretched Citation I, was announced in September 1976, first flew on January 31, 1977 and was certified in March 1978. The II/SP is a single pilot version, the improved S/II first flew on February 14, 1984 and the Citation Bravo upgraded with new avionics and P&WC PW530A turbofans on April 25, 1995, while the United States used it as the T-47. Production ceased in 2006 after 1184 were delivered.

Citation III/VI/VII[edit]

Model 650 Citation III

The 2,350 nmi (4,350 km) range Citation III (Model 650) was announced at the October 1976 NBAA convention, it made its maiden flight on May 30, 1979, received its type certification on April 30, 1982 and was delivered between 1983 and 1992. The cheaper Citation VI was produced from 1991 to 1995 and the more powerful Citation VII was offered between 1992 and 2000, 360 of all variants were delivered. An all new design, it had a 312 sq ft (29 m²) swept wing for a 22,000 lb (10 t) MTOW, a T-tail and two 3,650–4,080 lbf (16.2–18.1 kN) TFE731 turbofans. Its fuselage cross section and cockpit were kept in the later Citation X, Citation Excel and Citation Sovereign.

Citation V/Ultra/Encore[edit]

Model 560 Citation V

Stretched from the Citation II, the Citation V (Model 560) prototype flew in August 1987, it was certified on December 9, 1988 and delivered from April 1987, 774 were delivered until 2011. The upgraded Citation Ultra was announced in September 1993, the Citation Encore upgraded with PW535 turbofans was announced in 1998, before the improved Encore+. Its US Military designation is UC-35.

CitationJet[edit]

Model 525A CitationJet CJ2

The Cessna CitationJet was launched in October 1989, its first flight was on April 29, 1991, FAA certification was awarded on October 16, 1992, first delivery happened on March 30, 1993, and by June 2017, 2,000 of all variants have been delivered. Powered by two 1,900 lbf (8.5 kN) Williams FJ44s, it uses the Citation II's forward fuselage with a new carry-through section, straight wing, and T-tail. The basic model was updated with the CJ/CJ1/M2 (525) names, it was stretched in the CJ2/CJ2+ (525A) delivered since 2000, then further in the CJ3/CJ3+ (525B) delivered from December 2004 and finally in the CJ4 (525C) delivered since 2010.

The Cessna 526 CitationJet is a twin-seat tandem military trainer developed from the CitationJet for the JPATS competition.[2]

Citation X/X+[edit]

Model 750 Citation X

The Citation X[a] (Model 750) was announced at the October 1990 NBAA convention, it made its maiden flight on December 21, 1993, received its type certification on June 3, 1996 and was first delivered in July 1996. The updated Citation X+ was offered from 2012 with a 14 in (360 mm) cabin stretch and upgraded systems. Keeping the Citation III fuselage cross section, it has a new 37° swept wing with an area of 527 ft² (49 m²) for a fast Mach 0.935 MMo and a 36,600 lb (16.6 t) MTOW, a T-tail and two 7,034 lbf (31.29 kN) AE3007 turbofans for 3,460 nmi (6,408 km) of range. After 338 deliveries, production should end in 2018.

Excel/XLS/XLS+[edit]

Model 560XL Citation Excel

The 2,100 nmi (3,900 km) Citation Excel (Model 560XL) was announced in October 1994, it first flew on February 29, 1996, certification was granted in April 1998 and over 900 have been delivered. The 20,200 lb (9,200 kg) MTOW jet is powered by two 3,650–4,080 lbf (16.2–18.1 kN) PW500 turbofans, has the Citation V (560) cruciform tail and unswept supercritical wing of 370 sq ft (34 m²), and the Citation X stand-up cabin slightly shortened. The XLS 2004 update has upgraded engines and a glass cockpit and the 2008 XLS+ has FADEC and a revised nose.

Sovereign[edit]

Model 680 Citation Sovereign

The 3,200 nmi (5,900 km) range Citation Sovereign (Model 680) was announced at the 1998 NBAA convention, it made its maiden flight in February 2002, certification was awarded on June 2, 2004, and deliveries began in late September. The improved Sovereign+ was announced at the October 2012 NBAA for a first flight in April 2012 and deliveries in December, with winglets, improved engines and flight deck. The Citation Excel fuselage was stretched and joined with a large, clean-sheet 16.3 °, 516 sq ft (47.9 m2) wing and two 5,900 lbf (26 kN) PW300 engines for a 30,800 lb (14,000 kg) MTOW.

Mustang[edit]

Model 510 Citation Mustang

The Cessna Citation Mustang (Model 510) is a very light jet launched at the 2002 NBAA convention, it first flew on 23 April 2005. It received its FAA type certification September 8, 2006, was first delivered on November 22 and production ended in 2017 after 479 aircraft were built. The 8,645 lb (3,921 kg) MTOW jet is powered by two 1,460 lbf (6.5 kN) P&WC PW615F turbofans, can reach 340 kn (630 km/h) and can cover 1,167 nmi (2,161 km).

Columbus[edit]

The Citation Columbus (Model 850) was a 4000 nmi range business jet project launched in February 2008 and cancelled in July 2009, topping the Citation family. Powered by 8,830 lbf (39.3 kN) PW810 turbofans, the $27 million aircraft had a 709 sq ft (66 m²), 30° swept airfoil.

Latitude[edit]

Model 680A Citation Latitude

The 2,700 nmi (5,000 km) range Citation Latitude (Model 680A) was announced at the 2011 NBAA convention, the prototype first flew on 18 February 2014, it achieved FAA certification on June 5, 2015 and first deliveries begun on August 27. It keeps the Model 680 Sovereign wing, twin P&WC PW306D turbofans and cruciform tail, but its clean sheet stand-up circular fuselage has a flat floor. This new fuselage is kept in the later Cessna Citation Longitude.

Longitude[edit]

Model 700 Longitude mockup

The 3,500 nmi (6,500 km) range Citation Longitude (Model 700) was announced at the May 2012 EBACE, it made its first flight on October 8, 2016, certification is expected in the third quarter of 2018 with deliveries later in the same year. Powered by Honeywell HTF7000 turbofans, The aluminum airframe has the fuselage cross-section of the Citation Latitude, stretched by a seat row, with a new ~28° swept wing and a T-tail.

Hemisphere[edit]

Citation Hemisphere Model

The Citation Hemisphere is a 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) range, Mach 0.9 business jet project. Announced in November 2015, it was then expected to fly in 2019 but its development was suspended in April 2018 to wait for its Safran Silvercrest engines to be perfected.

Current Models[edit]

Model Length Span Area Sweep Inside Pax. MTOW Cruise Range Engines Thrust
525 Citation M2[3] 42 ft 7 in (12.98 m) 47 ft 3 in (14.40 m) 240 sq ft (22 m2) 0 ° 58 in (1.5 m) 7 10,800 lb (4,900 kg) 404 kn (748 km/h) 1,540 nmi (2,850 km) 2 FJ44-1AP-21 3,930 lbf (17.5 kN)
525 Citation CJ3+[4] 51 ft 2 in (15.60 m) 53 ft 4 in (16.26 m) 294 sq ft (27.3 m2) 0 ° 58 in (1.5 m) 9 13,870 lb (6,290 kg) 416 kn (770 km/h) 2,040 nmi (3,780 km) 2 FJ44-3A 5,640 lbf (25.1 kN)
525 Citation CJ4[5] 53 ft 4 in (16.26 m) 50 ft 10 in (15.49 m) 330 sq ft (31 m2) 12.5 ° 58 in (1.5 m) 10 17,110 lb (7,760 kg) 451 kn (835 km/h) 2,170 nmi (4,020 km) 2 FJ44-4A 7,242 lbf (32.21 kN)
560XL Citation XLS+[6] 52 ft 6 in (16.00 m) 56 ft 4 in (17.17 m) 370 sq ft (34 m2) 0 ° 68 in (1.7 m) 9 20,200 lb (9,200 kg) 441 kn (817 km/h) 2,100 nmi (3,900 km) 2 PW545C 8,238 lbf (36.64 kN)
680A Citation Latitude[7] 62 ft 3 in (18.97 m) 72 ft 4 in (22.05 m) 543 sq ft (50.4 m2) 16.3 ° 77 in (2.0 m) 9 30,800 lb (14,000 kg) 446 kn (826 km/h) 2,850 nmi (5,280 km) 2 PW306D1 11,814 lbf (52.55 kN)
680 Citation Sovereign[8] 63 ft 6 in (19.35 m) 72 ft 4 in (22.05 m) 543 sq ft (50.4 m2) 16.3 ° 68 in (1.7 m) 12 30,775 lb (13,959 kg) 460 kn (850 km/h) 3,190 nmi (5,910 km) 2 PW306D 11,814 lbf (52.55 kN)
700 Citation Longitude[9] 73 ft 2 in (22.30 m) 68 ft 11 in (21.01 m) 537 sq ft (49.91 m²) 28.6 ° 77 in (1.96 m) 12 39,500 lb (17,917 kg) 476 ktas (882 km/h) 3,500 nmi (6,482 km) 2 HTF7700L 15,200 lbf (68 kN)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cessna delivers milestone 7,000th Citation as NetJets' first Citation Latitude" (Press release). Textron Aviation. June 27, 2016.
  2. ^ Taylor, Michael J. H. (1996). Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory. London: Brassey's. p. 128. ISBN 1-85753-198-1.
  3. ^ "Citation M2".
  4. ^ "Citation CJ3+".
  5. ^ "Citation CJ4".
  6. ^ "Citation XLS+".
  7. ^ "Citation Latitude".
  8. ^ "Citation Sovereign".
  9. ^ "Citation Longitude".

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ X as in the Roman numeral for ten

External links[edit]