Cessna Citation family

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Citation families
Cessna Citation II.jpg
A Cessna Citation II
Role Business jet
Manufacturer Cessna
First flight 15 September 1969
Introduction 1972
Number built 7000
Variants Citation I / I/SP
Citation II/SII/Bravo
Citation III-VI-VII
Cessna Citation V/Ultra/Encore
Citation Excel/XLS/XLS+
CitationJet/CJ series
Citation Mustang
Citation X
Citation Sovereign
Citation Latitude

The Cessna Citation is a market brand-name used by American manufacturer Cessna for its line of business jets. Rather than one particular model of aircraft, the name applies to several "families" of turbofan-powered aircraft that have been produced over the years. Within each of the six distinct families, aircraft design improvements, market pressures and re-branding efforts have resulted in a number of variants, so that the Citation lineage has become quite complex. Military variants include the T-47 and UC-35 series aircraft.

The 7,000th Citation was delivered on June 27, 2016, forming the largest business jet fleet. The first Citation was put into service in 1972 and more than 35 million flight hours have been logged since.[1]

Citation product lineage overview[edit]

  • Cessna FanJet 500, the prototype for the original Citation family, first flew September 15, 1969.[2]
    • Citation I (Model 500) originally called the Citation 500 before Cessna finally settled on Citation I, by which time the design had changed quite a bit from the FanJet 500. The original Citation I was one of the first light corporate jets to be powered by turbofan engines. Production ceased in 1985.[3]
      Oldest flying Citation I
    • Citation I/SP (Model 501) single-pilot operations[4]
    • Citation II (Model 550) a larger stretched development of the Model 500 first produced in 1978. Initially replaced by the S/II in production, but was brought back and produced side-by-side with the S/II until the Bravo was introduced.[5][6]
      • T-47 (Model 552) is the military designation of the Citation II. The U.S. Navy procured 15 T-47A aircraft as radar system trainers, and the DoD purchased five OT-47B models for drug interdiction reconnaissance.[7]
      • Citation II/SP (Model 551) single-pilot operations[5][8]
      • Citation S/II (Model S550) incorporated a number of improvements, especially an improved wing. Concurrent production with the II until Citation V introduction in 1989.[5][9]
      • Citation Bravo (Model 550) updated II and S/II with new PW530A engines, landing gear and Primus 1000 avionics.[10][11] The last Citation Bravo rolled off the production line in late 2006, ending a nearly 10 year production run of 337 aircraft.[12]
    • Citation V (Model 560), growth variant of the Citation II/SP JT15D-5A[13][14]
      • Citation Ultra (Model 560) upgraded Citation V with JT15D-5D, EFIS instruments[14]
        USMC UC-35D at Mojave
        • UC-35A Army transport version of the V Ultra.
        • UC-35C Marine Corps version of the V Ultra.[15]
      • Citation Encore (Model 560) upgraded Citation Ultra with PW535A engines, a heated wing leading edge, and improved trailing-link landing gear[14]
        • UC-35B Army transport version of the Encore.
        • UC-35D Marine Corps version of the Encore.[15]
        • Citation Encore+ (Model 560) upgraded Encore includes FADEC and a redesigned avionics.[14]
  • Citation III (Model 650) all-new design.[16][17][18]
    • Citation IV was a proposed upgrade of the III, but was cancelled by Cessna.[16]
    • Citation VI (Model 650) was a low-cost derivative of the III which had a different avionics suite and non-custom interior design.[16][17]
    • Citation VII (Model 650) was an upgrade of the III that was in production from 1992 to 2000.[16][19]
  • Citation X (Model 750) (X as in the Roman numeral for ten), an all-new design, the fastest civilian aircraft in the world since the retirement of Concorde.[20] 24 feet (7.3 m) of stand-up cabin space.[21]
    • Citation X+, originally called the Ten
Cessna 560XL Citation Excel of the Swiss Air Force
  • Citation Excel (Model 560XL), utilized a shortened Citation X fuselage combined with the V Ultra's straight wing and the V's tail; used new PW545A engines.[22][23] Includes a stand-up cabin.
    • Citation XLS, evolved from the Excel
    • Citation XLS+ which includes FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) and a redesigned avionics system.[24]
  • Citation Sovereign (Model 680), utilizes a stretched version of the Excel's fuselage with an all-new moderately swept wing.[25][26] Stand-up cabin is 24 feet (7.3 m) long.[27]
  • CitationJet (Model 525) essentially an all-new design, the only carry-over being the Citation I's forward fuselage.[28] The 525 series models all feature a shorter cabin; Not a stand-up.
    • CJ1 (Model 525) Improved version of the CitationJet[28]
    • CJ2 (Model 525A) Stretched version of the CJ1.[28]
      • CJ2+ (Model 525A) Improved version of the CJ2 with increased performance, improved avionics, and FADEC.[31]
    • CJ3 (Model 525B) Extension of the CJ2.[32]
    • CJ4 (Model 525C) An extension of the CJ3, with new Williams FJ44-4 engines and the moderately swept wing borrowed from the Sovereign.[33] The first flight of the CJ4 is slated for the first half of 2008 with customer deliveries to follow in 2010.[34]
    • Model 526 A twin-seat tandem military trainer developed by Cessna from the CitationJet for the JPATS competition.[35]
  • Citation Mustang (Model 510), a new Very Light Jet (VLJ), even smaller and lighter than the CitationJet I.[36]
  • Citation Columbus (Model 850), a future intercontinental large cabin corporate jet. (Canceled)[37]
  • Citation Latitude (Model 680A) - The project was announced at the annual NBAA convention in October, 2011. It was launched as a larger aircraft than the Cessna Citation XLS+ and cheaper than the Cessna Citation Sovereign. The aircraft will seat 9, and feature twin Pratt & Whitney Canada PW306D turbofan engines. Like other Citations, the Citation Latitude will feature a cruciform tail and all metal fuselage.[38]
  • Citation Longitude (Model 700) - The project was announced in May 2012. It was perceived as the follow-on development to the now-canceled Citation Columbus. Its fuselage cross-section (83.25 inch circular section) is from the Citation Latitude. Cessna projected that first delivery would occur in late 2017. The aircraft will have a T-tail empennage, area-rule fuselage contouring, and 28.6° wing sweep. Powered by two Honeywell HTF7700L turbofan engines, rated at 7,550 lb (33.58 kN) thrust. The wings will incorporate moderate winglets. Construction will be aluminum for both wing and fuselage.[39]
500 Citation I, 69-85
550 Citation II/Bravo, 78–06
650 Citation III/VI/VII, 83-00
560 Citation V/Ultra/Encore, 89-11
525 CitationJet/CJ series, 91-
750 Citation X, 96- 560XL Excel/XLS/XLS+, 96-
680 Sovereign, 04-
510 Mustang, 06-
525 Citation M2, 13-
680A Latitude, 15-
800 Longitude, 17-
Hemisphere, 19-

Current Models[edit]

Model Length Span Area Sweep Inside Pax. MTOW Cruise Range Engines Thrust
510 Mustang[40] 40 ft 7 in (12.37 m) 43 ft 2 in (13.16 m) 210 sq ft (20 m2) 11.0 ° 55 in (1.4 m) 5 8,645 lb (3,921 kg) 340 kn (630 km/h) 1,200 nmi (2,200 km) 2 PW615F-A 2,920 lbf (13.0 kN)
525 Citation M2[41] 42 ft 7 in (12.98 m) 47 ft 3 in (14.40 m) 240 sq ft (22 m2) 0 ° 58 in (1.5 m) 7 10,800 lb (4,900 kg) 404 kn (748 km/h) 1,540 nmi (2,850 km) 2 FJ44-1AP-21 3,930 lbf (17.5 kN)
525 Citation CJ3+[42] 51 ft 2 in (15.60 m) 53 ft 4 in (16.26 m) 294 sq ft (27.3 m2) 0 ° 58 in (1.5 m) 9 13,870 lb (6,290 kg) 416 kn (770 km/h) 2,040 nmi (3,780 km) 2 FJ44-3A 5,640 lbf (25.1 kN)
525 Citation CJ4[43] 53 ft 4 in (16.26 m) 50 ft 10 in (15.49 m) 330 sq ft (31 m2) 12.5 ° 58 in (1.5 m) 10 17,110 lb (7,760 kg) 451 kn (835 km/h) 2,170 nmi (4,020 km) 2 FJ44-4A 7,242 lbf (32.21 kN)
560XL Citation XLS+[44] 52 ft 6 in (16.00 m) 56 ft 4 in (17.17 m) 370 sq ft (34 m2) 0 ° 68 in (1.7 m) 9 20,200 lb (9,200 kg) 441 kn (817 km/h) 2,100 nmi (3,900 km) 2 PW545C 8,238 lbf (36.64 kN)
680A Citation Latitude[45] 62 ft 3 in (18.97 m) 72 ft 4 in (22.05 m) 543 sq ft (50.4 m2) 16.3 ° 77 in (2.0 m) 9 30,800 lb (14,000 kg) 446 kn (826 km/h) 2,850 nmi (5,280 km) 2 PW306D1 11,814 lbf (52.55 kN)
680 Citation Sovereign[46] 63 ft 6 in (19.35 m) 72 ft 4 in (22.05 m) 543 sq ft (50.4 m2) 16.3 ° 68 in (1.7 m) 12 30,775 lb (13,959 kg) 460 kn (850 km/h) 3,190 nmi (5,910 km) 2 PW306D 11,814 lbf (52.55 kN)
750 Citation X+[47] 73 ft 7 in (22.43 m) 69 ft 2 in (21.08 m) 527 sq ft (49.0 m2) 37.0 ° 68 in (1.7 m) 12 36,600 lb (16,600 kg) 528 kn (978 km/h) 3,460 nmi (6,410 km) 2 AE3007C2 14,068 lbf (62.58 kN)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cessna delivers milestone 7,000th Citation as NetJets' first Citation Latitude" (Press release). Textron Aviation. June 27, 2016. 
  2. ^ The Cessna 500 & 501 Citation, Citation I & Citation I/SP at Airliners.net
  3. ^ Citation I info from Aviation Safety Network
  4. ^ Citation I/SP info from Aviation Safety Network
  5. ^ a b c The Cessna Citation II & Bravo from Airliners.net
  6. ^ Citation II info from Aviation Safety Network
  7. ^ OT-47B information from GlobalSecurity.org
  8. ^ Citation II/SP info from Aviation Safety Network
  9. ^ Citation S550 info from Aviation Safety Network
  10. ^ Citation Bravo info from Aviation Safety Network
  11. ^ "Cessna Citation Bravo Light Business Jet Cessna Citation Bravo Light Business Jet, USA", Aerospace-Technology.com[unreliable source?]
  12. ^ Cessna Press Release Recent Milestones for Cessna’s Citation Business Jet Programs July 17, 2006
  13. ^ The Cessna 560 Citation V, Ultra & Encore from Airliners.net
  14. ^ a b c d Citation V, Ultra and Encore info from Aviation Safety Network
  15. ^ a b "NAVAIR Oversees Final Marine Corps Cessna Citation Encore Delivery" May 24, 2006
  16. ^ a b c d The Cessna Citation III, VI & VII from Airliners.net
  17. ^ a b Citation III and VI info from Aviation Safety Network
  18. ^ "Cessna Citation CJ3 Business Jet Cessna Citation CJ3 Business Jet, USA", Aerospace-Technology.com[unreliable source?]
  19. ^ Citation VII info from Aviation Safety Network
  20. ^ The Cessna Citation X from Airliners.net
  21. ^ Cessna Citation X web site
  22. ^ The Cessna 560XL Citation Excel from Airlines.net
  23. ^ Citation Excel info from Aviation Safety Network
  24. ^ Cessna XLS+ web site
  25. ^ The Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign from Airliners.net
  26. ^ Citation 680 Sovereign info from Aviation Safety Network
  27. ^ Cessna Sovereign web site
  28. ^ a b c The Cessna CitationJet, CJ1 & CJ2 from Airliners.net
  29. ^ Cessna Citation CJ1+ web site
  30. ^ "New Cessna Citation CJ1 Receives FAA Type Certification", Jobwerx News
  31. ^ Cessna CJ2+ web site
  32. ^ Cessna Citation CJ3 web site
  33. ^ Cessna Citation CJ4 web site
  34. ^ Cessna Press Release Cessna Launches Citation CJ4 at NBAA; Starts Show with 70 Orders Cessna In the News, October 16, 2006
  35. ^ Taylor, Michael J. H. (1996). Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory. London: Brassey's. p. 128. ISBN 1-85753-198-1. 
  36. ^ Cessna Citation Mustang web site
  37. ^ Cessna Citation Columbus web site
  38. ^ "Cessna gets attitude with Latitude". Flightglobal.com. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  39. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, 14 May 2012 edition, Cessna Unveils Citation Longitude
  40. ^ "Citation Mustang". 
  41. ^ "Citation M2". 
  42. ^ "Citation CJ3+". 
  43. ^ "Citation CJ4". 
  44. ^ "Citation XLS+". 
  45. ^ "Citation Latitude". 
  46. ^ "Citation Sovereign". 
  47. ^ "Citation X+". 

External links[edit]