Cessna Citation Columbus
|National origin||United States|
|Status||Development canceled 10 July 2009|
$27 million (2008)
The Cessna Citation Columbus (Model 850) was a 4000 nmi range business Jet programme launched by Cessna in February 2008 and cancelled in July 2009. It would have been the largest model of the Cessna Citation family at the time.
Cessna began research on the largest Citation in 2002 with market studies, surveys, concept testing, focus groups and customer advisory boards. A mockup of the large cabin concept was unveiled on Oct. 17, 2006 at the National Business Aviation Association convention
Cessna formally announced the aircraft on February 6, 2008 ; FAA certification was planned by the end of 2013, with deliveries beginning in 2014. The Columbus had a target range of 4,000 nmi (7,408 km) with 8 passengers. The cockpit would have featured a synthetic vision system, autothrottles, optional head-up display and Collins' MultiScan weather radar with optional windshear prediction.
Cessna was going to invest $780 million into the development including a new plant, major suppliers were Pratt & Whitney Canada for the engines; Rockwell Collins for the avionics; Vought Aircraft Industries for the wing; Spirit AeroSystems for the fuselage and Spirit AeroSystems Europe Ltd. for the empennage; Parker Hannifin for the powered flight control system; Goodrich Corporation for the landing gear.
On 29 April 2009 Cessna announced that it was suspending the Citation Columbus program, but indicated at that time that the program might be restarted once economic conditions improved. The company also indicated that it would lay off 1,600 workers, including up to 700 workers from the Columbus program.
On July 8, 2009 Cessna reported the cancellation of the program in documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The company said "Upon additional analysis of the business jet market related to this product offering, we decided to formally cancel further development of the Citation Columbus". Cessna's parent company, Textron will write-off US$43 million as a results of the cancellation. The SEC-filed documents indicate that Cessna spent approximately US$50 million on tooling, facilities and other costs for the project. Most of these costs are unrecoverable and cannot be used for other projects.
Pratt & Whitney Canada immediately stopped the PW810 engine program, but continued the PW800 series. On 11 July 2009 Cessna announced that it would return US$10M to the City of Wichita and Sedgwick County. The money was received as an economic incentive for developing the aircraft in Wichita and was part of $70M in cash assistance and tax breaks received from those two governments.
Data from Flight International 2008
- Crew: 2 (Pilot and copilot)
- Capacity: 8 passengers, up to 10
- Payload: 1,950 lb (885 kg)
- Length: 77 ft (23.5 m)
- Wingspan: 80 ft (24.4 m)
- Height: 27 ft 7 in (7.49 m)
- Wing area: 709.3 sq ft (65.90 m²)
- Airfoil: 29.9°
- takeoff field length : 1,646 meters (5,400 feet) at MTOW
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW810C turbofans, 8,830 lb (39.3 kN) each
- Maximum speed: Mach 0.85, 488 kn (904 km/h)
- Range: 4,000 nmi, Mach 0.8, 8 pax (7,400 km)
- Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (13,716 m)
- Rate of climb: 27 min to 41,000 ft (12,497 m)
Cabin altitude of 6,700 ft at 45,000 ft MSL
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- "Cessna unveils Citation Columbus; Spirit to make fuselage". Flight International. February 6, 2008.
- Matt Thurber (February 26, 2008). "Announcing Columbus, Cessna commits to large-cabin Citation". Aviation International News.
- "Cessna Studying Product Range Expansion With Large Cabin Concept Citation" (Press release). Textron Inc. October 16, 2006.
- "Textron Inc - Textron's Cessna Details New Citation Columbus Aircraft; Announces Key Suppliers" (Press release). Textron Inc. February 6, 2008.
- "Cessna Citation Columbus Progresses Through Detail Design Phase" (Press release). Textron Inc. July 14, 2008.
- Grady, Mary (April 29, 2009). "Cessna Will Suspend Columbus Program, Close Bend Factory". AVweb.
- TEXTRON INC. (July 8, 2009). "FORM 8-K CURRENT REPORT". Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Grady, Mary (July 14, 2009). "Goodbye, Columbus -- Cessna Cancels Extra-Large Jet Program". AVweb.
- "2009 New Business Jets: Spiraling down: Goodbye Columbus & Epic meltdown". Aviation International News. October 1, 2009.
- Mark Phelps (July 16, 2009). "Textron Pulls the Plug on Cessna's Columbus Project". Flying Magazine.
- Associated Press (11 July 2009). "Cessna to return $10 million". The Topeka Capital-Journal.
- GRAHAM WARWICK (6 February 2008). "How they compare - Cessna's Columbus takes on the competition". Flight International.
- Cessna Aircraft (2008). "2008 Specs and Description" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-27.[dead link]