Cessna Citation Longitude

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Model 700 Citation Longitude[1]
Textron Aviation, N707CL, Cessna 700 Citation Longitude (31378962178) (cropped).jpg
Role Corporate Jet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Textron Aviation
First flight October 8, 2016[2]
Introduction expected late third or early fourth quarter 2018[3]
Status In production
Produced March 2017 - present
Unit cost
US$27 million[4]
Developed from Cessna Citation Latitude
Developed into Cessna Citation Hemisphere

The Cessna Citation Longitude (Model 700) is a 3,500 nmi (6,500 km) range business jet, part of the Cessna Citation family. Announced at the May 2012 EBACE, it made its first flight on October 8, 2016, certification is expected in the third quarter of 2018 with deliveries later in the same year. Powered by Honeywell HTF7000 turbofans, The aluminum airframe has the fuselage cross-section of the Citation Latitude, stretched by a seat row, with a new ~28° swept wing and a T-tail.

Design[edit]

The project is perceived as the follow-on development to the now-canceled Cessna Citation Columbus. Its fuselage cross-section (83.25 inch circular section) is the same as the Cessna Citation Latitude. The aircraft has a T-tail empennage and area rule fuselage contouring. The aluminum wings incorporate moderate winglets. Construction is aluminum for both wing and fuselage. The cabin is 7 inches shorter and 6 inches narrower than the Columbus design.[5]

Initially, the Snecma Silvercrest engine was selected to power the aircraft,[6] however the production model is powered by Honeywell HTF7000 turbofans.[7] The Silvercrest will be used for the larger Citation Hemisphere.

Its wings and empennage are similar to the Hawker 4000 with winglets leading to a 5.3 ft. larger wingspan. The moderately super-critical wing have a quarter-chord sweep of 26.8° for its inner section and 28.6° for the outer section. The six-passenger Latitude fuselage has been reinforced and stretched by another row of seats to accommodate eight people in double club. The manufacturer has not announced the final design weights (as of May 2016); BCA estimates a 24,000–25,000 lb. basic operating weight. Cabin height is 6.0 ft., width is 6 ft. 5 in., floor width is 4 ft. 1 in and cabin length is 25 ft.[8]

After a takeoff at 31,150–8,350 lb (14,130–3,790 kg) below the 39,500 lb (17,900 kg) MTOW, the climb rate is 2,550 ft/min (13.0 m/s) at FL200. At its Mach 0.83, 473 kn (876 km/h) TAS max cruise, fuel flow is 860–880 lb (390–400 kg) per hour at FL430 and ISA -4.[9]

Development[edit]

Model shown at the May 2018 EBACE

Announced at the May 2012 EBACE and scheduled for introduction in 2017.[10] The first flight-test aircraft completed its first flight on October 8, 2016.[2] The second flew in November, and in March 2017 the third, used to develop avionics and systems and to collect flight simulator data before two others will join the test program. The two aircraft completed 125 flights for more than 250 hours as production of the aircraft commenced at Textron Aviation's Wichita, Kansas facility.[11]

Less than eight months after the first flight and after more than 200 missions for nearly 400 hours, on track for certification later in 2017, the fourth prototype joined the flight-test program on May 6, fully outfitted for interior, environmental control system, pressurization and cabin technologies evaluation.[12] The first production unit was rolled out on June 13, 2017 as the four test aircraft have flown 550 hours and a fifth aircraft will join in summer 2017.[13] In October 2017, test aircraft have completed more than 1,200 flight hours over 600 flights, for a certification expected by the end of 2017 or in early 2018.[14]

In February 2018, as the five aircraft accumulated over 1,000 flights and 2,000 hours, US approval and customer deliveries were expected before the end of the second quarter before European validation six months later.[4] After 3,000 hours on five aircraft, flight testing will conclude by early June 2018, and 200,000 pages of documentation will be completed after a month.[15] As testing has doubled for certification, expanding related documentation, it is expected in the third quarter of 2018 with deliveries from late in this quarter or early in the fourth, less than a year after originally planned.[3] It received a partial exemption for fuel tank flammability requirements applicable through January 2020 to keep its third-quarter approval goal, but a compliance plan have to be submitted by October 1.[16]

On October 15, 2018, fractional operator NetJets announced the purchase of up to 175 Longitudes, sold for $26 million each, along 150 Citation Hemispheres, priced at $35 million.[17]

Specifications[edit]

Data from "Citation Longitude Specifications". Textron Aviation.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2+1 optional crew member
  • Capacity: 8-12
  • Length: 73 ft 2 in (22.30 m)
  • Wingspan: 67 ft 0 in (20.42 m)
  • Height: 19 ft 5 in (5.92 m)
  • Wing area: 537 sq ft (49.9 m2)
  • Airfoil: 28.6° Wing Sweep
  • Max takeoff weight: 39,500 lb (17,917 kg)
  • Full Fuel Payload: 1,600 lb (730 kg)
  • Cabin Height: 72 in (1.83 m)
  • Cabin Width: 77 in (1.96 m)
  • Cabin Length: 25 ft 2 in (7.67 m)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Honeywell HTF7700L turbofans, 7,550 lbf (33.6 kN) thrust each

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 476 kn (548 mph; 882 km/h)
  • Range: 3,500 nmi (4,028 mi; 6,482 km)
  • Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (14,000 m)
  • Time to altitude: 16mn to FL430 for 33,000 lb (14,970 kg) at takeoff[18]
  • Takeoff: 4,900 ft (1,494 m)
  • Landing: 3,400 ft (1,036 m)
  • Cabin altitude: 5,950 ft (1,810 m)
  • Fuel consumption: 2,400 lb (1,100 kg) for the first hour, 1,600–1,800 lb (730–820 kg) per hour in cruise.[18]

Avionics

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Midsize and Super-MidsizeJets About To Enter The Marketplace". Aviation Week. November 2, 2016. Cessna Longitude.
  2. ^ a b "Revolutionary Cessna Citation Longitude takes to the skies" (Press release). Textron aviation. October 8, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Kerry Lynch (July 18, 2018). "Tackling New FAA Process, Textron Eyes 3Q Longitude Nod". AIN online.
  4. ^ a b Kate Sarsfield (27 Feb 2018). "Textron Aviation closes in on Citation Longitude certification". Flightglobal.
  5. ^ Fred George (14 May 2012). "Cessna Unveils Citation Longitude". Aviation Week & Space Technology.
  6. ^ "Citation Latitude Preliminary Specification & Description". Cessna. February 2012.
  7. ^ "Cessna showcases new Citation Longitude at NBAA 2015; announces large cabin Citation Hemisphere" (Press release). Cessna. 16 November 2015.
  8. ^ Fred George (7 March 2016). "Cessna Citation Longitude About to Take Off". Business & Commercial Aviation.
  9. ^ Matt Thurber (October 23, 2018). "Pilot Report: Citation Longitude". AIN online.
  10. ^ "Cessna Announces Long-Range Citation Business Jet" (Press release). Cessna. May 14, 2012.
  11. ^ Grady, Mary (20 March 2017). "Textron Starts Longitude Production". AVweb.
  12. ^ Kerry Lynch (May 9, 2017). "Textron's Fourth Longitude Takes To Skies". Aviation International News.
  13. ^ "Textron Aviation rolls out first production Cessna Citation Longitude, introduces advanced manufacturing technologies to super-midsize market" (Press release). Cessna. June 13, 2017.
  14. ^ Molly McMillin (Oct 11, 2017). "Cessna Latitude 'A Billion Dollar Business'". Aviation Week Network.
  15. ^ Ian Sheppard (May 28, 2018). "Citation Longitude Poised to Complete Flight-test Campaign". Aviation International News.
  16. ^ Kerry Lynch (August 28, 2018). "Temporary Exemption Clears Hurdle for Longitude FAA Nod". AIN online.
  17. ^ Stephen Pope (October 15, 2018). "NetJets Inks Massive Deal for Cessna Citation Jets". Flying magazine.
  18. ^ a b Ian Sheppard (February 27, 2018). "Textron Shows Off Longitude's Quiet Cabin". AIN.

External links[edit]