Cethosia biblis

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Red lacewing
Red Lacewing (Cethosia biblis).jpg
Cethosia biblis - Doi Inthanon.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Cethosia
Species: C. biblis
Binomial name
Cethosia biblis
(Drury, 1773)

Cethosia biblis, the red lacewing, is a species of heliconiine butterfly belonging to the Nymphalidae family.

Description[edit]

Cethosia biblis is medium-sized butterfly, with a wingspan reaching about 8–9 centimetres (3.1–3.5 in). In this species the sexes are dimorphic. In males the dorsal sides of the wings are bright orange red, framed by a black outline with white spots. The undersides range from bright red to pale brown, interlaced by black and white. This astonishing pattern helps to disguise the shape of the butterfly, while the intense colour of the dorsal sides of the wings is a warning to predators that the red lacewing has a bad taste, deriving from the poisonous host plants of the caterpillars. The dorsal sides of the wings of the females are greyish-brownish with black spots and white bands and spots on the black margins.

Caterpillars have several reddish, black and white stripes, a black head and long black spikes that contain poison. In fact they mainly feed on poisonous climbing plants, mainly Passiflora species (P. cochinchinensis, P. moluccana, etc.).

Distribution[edit]

This species can be found from the Indian subcontinent eastwards to South-East Asia and East Asia, the eastern limit being the Philippines, and the southern limit being Indonesia. [1]

Gallery[edit]

Subspecies[edit]

  • C. b. biblis - Assam, central India – south-western China
  • C. b. insularis C. & R. Felder, 1861 - Philippines (Luzon, Polillo, ?Babuyanes)
  • C. b. nicobarica Felder, 1862 - Nicobar?
  • C. b. picta C. & R. Felder, [1867] - Sulawesi
  • C. b. javana C. & R. Felder, [1867] - Java
  • C. b. logani Distant, 1881 – eastern Sumatra
  • C. b. tambora (Doherty, 1891) - Sumbawa
  • C. b. narmada Fruhstorfer, 1896 - Lombok
  • C. b. narmadoides de Nicéville, 1898 - Bali
  • C. b. perakana Fruhstorfer, 1902 – southern Thailand, Peninsular Peninsular Malaya, Pulau Tioman
  • C. b. ceramensis Fruhstorfer, 1902 - Serang
  • C. b. atia Fruhstorfer, 1905 - Kalao
  • C. b. alceste Fruhstorfer, 1905 - Bawean
  • C. b. hainana Fruhstorfer, 1908 - Hainan
  • C. b. tisamena Fruhstorfer, 1912 - India
  • C. b. phanaroia Fruhstorfer - Hong Kong
  • C. b. adantonia Fruhstorfer – western Sumatra
  • C. b. sumbana Pagenstecher - Sumba
  • C. b. floresiana Fruhstorfer - Flores
  • C. b. sandakana Fruhstorfer - Borneo, ?Palawan
  • C. b. liacura Fruhstorfer - Philippines (Mindanao)
  • C. b. tagalorum Fruhstorfer - Philippines (Mindoro)
  • C. b. togiana Fruhstorfer - Togian Islands
  • C. b. buruana Holland - Buru
  • C. b. amboinensis C. & R. Felder, [1867] - Ambon
  • C. b. andamanica Stichel - Andaman?
  • C. b. pemanggilensis Eliot, 1978 – Pemanggil [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cethosia Fabricius, 1807" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  • Treadaway, C.G. & H.G. Schroeder, 2009: A study of the subspecies of Cethosia biblis (Drury, 1773) from the Philippines (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Nachr. entomol. Ver. Apollo N.F. 29 (4): 193-198.

External links[edit]