Cevat Çobanlı

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Cevat Çobanlı
1307 (1891)-P. 4[1]
Cevat Pasha.jpg
Nickname(s)18 Mart Kahramanı
(Hero of 18 March)
Born(1870-09-14)14 September 1870
Sultanahmet, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died13 March 1938(1938-03-13) (aged 67)
Istanbul, Turkey
Buried
Erenköy Mezarlığı
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
 Turkey
Service/branch Ottoman Army
 Turkish Land Forces
Years of serviceOttoman Empire: 1891-1920
Turkey: 15 January 1922 – 14 September 1935
RankGeneral
Commands heldDardanelles Fortified Area Command, XIV Corps, XV Corps, XIV Corps, VIII Corps, Second Army (deputy), Eighth Army, War Minister, Chief of the General Staff, El-Cezire Front, Third Army, member of the Supreme Military Council
Battles/warsItalo-Turkish War
Balkan Wars
First World War
War of Independence

Cevat Çobanlı (14 September 1870[2] or 1871 – 13 March 1938[1]) was a military commander of the Ottoman Army, War Minister (Harbiye Nazırı) of the Ottoman Empire and a general of the Turkish Army.

Biography[edit]

Family and education[edit]

Cevat Pasha and Mustafa Kemal Bey on the daily Tasvir-i Efkâr dated 29 October 1915.

Cevat was born on 14 September 1870 or in 1871 in Sultanahmet (Istanbul, Ottoman Empire) to mother Emine Hanım and father Müşir Şakir Pasha.

After graduating from Galatasaray High School, he entered Harbiye Mektibi (Mekteb-i Fünûn-u Harbiyye-i Şâhâne) in 1888. He completed the military school as the fourth of the class on 1891 and joined the Ottoman military as an Infantry Second Lieutenant (Mülâzım-ı Sani).[1] And he continued to study in the War Academy (Staff College, Mekteb-i Erkân-ı Harbiye-i Şâhâne), present day: Harp Akademisi) and in 1892, he was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant (Mülâzım-ı Evvel).[1] In 1894, he graduated from Academy as a Staff Captain (Erkân-ı Harp Yüzbaşısı) and started to serve for the General Staff of Palace (Maiyet-i Seniyye Erkân-ı Harbiyesi) as an aide-de-camp of Sultan.[3]

Balkan Wars[edit]

World War I[edit]

Malta exile[edit]

He was one of the Malta exiles.

Republican era[edit]

Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, painter Aliye Berger, and Princess Fahrelnissa Zeid were his nephews and niece.

Medals and Decorations[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 22. (in Turkish)
  2. ^ Mesut Aydın, Türkiye ve Irak Hudûdu Mes'elesi, Avrasya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi Yayınları, 2001, p. 53.
  3. ^ Genelkurmay, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 23.

See also[edit]