Cevat Çobanlı

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Cevat Çobanlı
1307 (1891)-P. 4[1]
Cevat Pasha.jpg
Nickname(s) 18 Mart (5 Mart) Kahramanı
(Hero of March 18)
Born (1870-09-14)September 14, 1870
Sultanahmet, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died 13 March 1938(1938-03-13) (aged 67)
Istanbul, Turkey
Buried at Erenköy Mezarlığı
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
 Turkey
Years of service Ottoman: 1891-1920
Turkey: January 15, 1922-September 14, 1935
Rank Birinci Ferik
Commands held Dardanelles Fortified Area Command, XIV Corps, XV Corps, XIV Corps, VIII Corps, Second Army (deputy), Eighth Army, War Minister, Chief of the General Staff, El-Cezire Front, Third Army, member of the Supreme Military Council
Battles/wars Italo-Turkish War
Balkan Wars
First World War
War of Independence

Cevat Çobanlı (September 14, 1870[2] or 1871 – March 13, 1938[1]) was a military commander of the Ottoman Army, War Minister (Harbiye Nazırı) of the Ottoman Empire and a general of the Turkish Army.

Ottoman era[edit]

Family and schools[edit]

Cevat was born on September 14, 1870 or in 1871 in Sultanahmet (Istanbul, Ottoman Empire) to mother Emine Hanım and father Müşir Şakir Pasha.

After graduating from Galatasaray High School, he entered Harbiye Mektibi (Mekteb-i Fünûn-u Harbiyye-i Şâhâne) in 1888. He completed the military school as the fourth of the class on 1891 and joined the Ottoman military as an Infantry Second Lieutenant (Mülâzım-ı Sani).[1] And he continued to study in the War Academy (Staff College, Mekteb-i Erkân-ı Harbiye-i Şâhâne), present day: Harp Akademisi) and in 1892, he was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant (Mülâzım-ı Evvel).[1] In 1894, he graduated from Academy as a Staff Captain (Erkân-ı Harp Yüzbaşısı) and started to serve for the General Staff of Palace (Maiyet-i Seniyye Erkân-ı Harbiyesi) as an aide-de-camp of Sultan.[3]

Balkan Wars[edit]

World War I[edit]

Malta exile[edit]

He was one of the Malta exiles.

Republican era[edit]

Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, painter Aliye Berger, and Princess Fahrelnissa Zeid were his nephews and niece.

Medals and Decorations[edit]

Sources[edit]

Cevat Pasha and Mustafa Kemal Bey on the daily Tasvir-i Efkâr dated October 29, 1915.
  1. ^ a b c d T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 22. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Mesut Aydın, Türkiye ve Irak Hudûdu Mes'elesi, Avrasya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi Yayınları, 2001, p. 53.
  3. ^ Genelkurmay, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 23.

See also[edit]

Media related to Cevat Çobanlı at Wikimedia Commons