Chʼolan languages

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Linguistic classificationMayan
  • Western
    • Chʼolan
  • Chʼolan proper
  • Tzeltalan

The Chʼolan (a.k.a. Cholan–Tzeltalan languages) are a branch of the Mayan family of Mexico. These languages break into six sections being Cholan and Tzeltalan. Cholan has then two subsections being Western Cholan and Chʼoltiʼan; these composing the two larger sections of slight linguistic differences portrayed by Kuryłowicz's Fourth Law of Analogy. The language Tzeltalan also breaks up into sections; Tzendal (colonial Tzeltal), Tzotzil, and Wastekan. These subsections differ by similar linguistic differences.


See Mayan languages#Western branch for details.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Robertson, John S. (2010). "FROM COMMON CHOLAN-TZELTALAN TO CLASSICAL CHʼOLTIʼ: THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE LANGUAGE OF MAYAN HIEROGLYPHS" (PDF). {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Ara, Domingo de 1571 Bocabulario en lengua Tzeldal. Gates Collection. Box 64, Folder 7. Harold B. Lee Library. Brigham Young University.
  • Aulie, H. Wilbur, and Evelyn W. de Aulie, 1978 Diccionario Chʼol: Chʼol–Español, Español–Chʼol. Mexico: SIL.
  • Barber, Charles 2000 The English language: a Historical Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Campbell, Lyle, and Terrence Kaufman. 1985 Mayan linguistics: Where are we now? Annual Review of Anthropology 14:187–98.
  • Coon, Jessica L. 2004 Roots and Words in Chol (Mayan): A Distributed Morphology Approach. BA thesis, Reed College.
  • Dayley, Jon, P. 1981 Voice and Ergativity in Mayan Languages. Journal of Mayan Linguistics 2(2):3-82.
  • Edmonson, Barbara 1988 A Descriptive Grammar of Huastec (Potosino Dialect). Department of Anthropology, Tulane University.
  • Haviland, John B. n.d. Skʼop Sotzʼleb: El Tzotzil de San Lorenzo Zinacantán.
  • Houston, Stephen D., John S. Robertson, and David S. Stuart 2000 The Language of the Classic Maya Inscriptions. Current Anthropology 41(3):321-338.
  • Hruby, Zachary X., and Mark B. Child 2004 Chontal Linguistic Influence in Ancient Maya Writing: Intransitive Positional Verbal Affixation." In The Linguistics of Maya Writing, edited by Søren Wichmann, pp. 13–26. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
  • Mora-Marín, David 2009 A Test and Falsification of the 'Classic Chʼoltiʼan' Hypothesis: A Study of Three Proto Chʼolan Markers. International Journal of American Linguistics 75(2):115-157.
  • Morán, Francisco 1695 Arte en lengua Cholti que quiere decir lengua de milperos. Gates Collection. Box 42. Harold B. Lee Library. Brigham Young University.
  • Robertson, John S. 1979 Review of Quichéan linguistic prehistory, by Lyle Campbell. Language 55:936-938.
  • Robertson, John S. 1983 From symbol to icon: The evolution o the pronominal system of Common Mayan to modern Yucatecan. Language 59:529-540.
  • Robertson, John S. and Stephen Houston 2003 El problema del Wasteko: Una perspectiva lingüística y arqueológica. In XVI simposio de investigaciones arqueológicas en Guatemala, edited by Juan Pedro Laporte, Bárbara Arroyo, Héctor Escobedo and Héctor Mejía, pp. 723–733. Guatemala: Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes.