Château-Renault

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Château-Renault
Commune
Chateau
Chateau
Coat of arms of Château-Renault
Coat of arms
Château-Renault is located in France
Château-Renault
Château-Renault
Location within Centre-Val de Loire region
Château-Renault is located in Centre-Val de Loire
Château-Renault
Château-Renault
Coordinates: 47°35′32″N 0°54′37″E / 47.5922°N 0.9103°E / 47.5922; 0.9103Coordinates: 47°35′32″N 0°54′37″E / 47.5922°N 0.9103°E / 47.5922; 0.9103
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Loches
Canton Château-Renault
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Cosnier
Area1 3.51 km2 (1.36 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 5,240
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 37063 /37110
Elevation 83–129 m (272–423 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Château-Renault is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

Geography[edit]

Topography and toponymy, Cassini, 1756.

Château-Renault is located on the Far-West of the Gâtine Tourangelle plateau, next to the Loir-et-Cher department and at the confluence of two rivers : The Gault and the Brenne. Its Elevation vary between 90 meters and 140 meters on the plateau. The area of the commune is 3.51 square kilometre.

Located in the North of A10 highway, the town of Chateau-Renault is equidistant to the cities of Tours and Vendôme and can be reached on train services on the Tours-Paris or Tours-Vendôme lines.

History[edit]

The town at the Middle Age[edit]

Evidence of early human occupation or the Loire Valley has been found such as the standing stones of Pierrefite and several hand tools, but the settlement of Chateau-Renault dates from the feudal wars that occurred in the 11th century between the Counts of Blois and the Counts of Anjou. In the early part of the century a loyal member of the court of the Count of Blois was charged by the construction of a defensive structure( most likely a simple wooden tower) on the site of the present chateau. He named this defensive structure after his son, Renaud. This was the origin of the towns name. However, the defensive structure was not enough and the area was soon lost to the Counts of Anjou. It was under the new management that land was donated for the construction of a chapel and a small settlement at the foot of the castle site.

The development of tanneries[edit]

From the early 19th century to the mid 20th century, Château-Renault became famous for its activity of tanning leather. It was ultimately a strong industry that had a big influence on how the town developed. The leather produced was used in shoes production.

High levels of calcium carbonate in the water gave the leather produced there a thick, resistant nature and the arrival of the railway in 1867 ensured that the product had access to a market.

Demography[edit]

Historical population of Château-Renault
Year179318001806182118311836184118461851185618611866187218761881
Population203025182052220824682434287731083270325835623978387038314256


Year188618911896190119061911192119261931193619461954196219681975
Population420343974492426142994135406340974106387741804035423851256043


Year19821990199920062009
Population61215787553852455240

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

It is twinned with the towns Ripley (United Kingdom), Mülheim-Kärlich (Germany) and Covăsânț (Romania).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]