Château-Renault

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Château-Renault
Chateau
Chateau
Coat of arms of Château-Renault
Coat of arms
Château-Renault is located in France
Château-Renault
Château-Renault
Coordinates: 47°35′32″N 0°54′37″E / 47.5922°N 0.9103°E / 47.5922; 0.9103Coordinates: 47°35′32″N 0°54′37″E / 47.5922°N 0.9103°E / 47.5922; 0.9103
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Tours
Canton Château-Renault
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Cosnier
Area1 3.51 km2 (1.36 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 5,240
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 37063 /37110
Elevation 83–129 m (272–423 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Château-Renault is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

Geography[edit]

Topography and toponymy, Cassini, 1756.

Château-Renault is located on the Far-West of the Gâtine Tourangelle plateau, next to the Loir-et-Cher department and at the confluence of two rivers : The Gault and the Brenne. Its Elevation vary between 90 meters and 140 meters on the plateau. The area of the commune is 3.51 square kilometre.

Located in the North of A10 highway, the town of Chateau-Renault is equidistant to the cities of Tours and Vendôme and can be reached on train services on the Tours-Paris or Tours-Vendôme lines.

History[edit]

The town at the Middle Age[edit]

Evidence of early human occupation or the Loire Valley has been found such as the standing stones of Pierrefite and several hand tools, but the settlement of Chateau-Renault dates from the feudal wars that occurred in the 11th century between the Counts of Blois and the Counts of Anjou. In the early part of the century a loyal member of the court of the Count of Blois was charged by the construction of a defensive structure( most likely a simple wooden tower) on the site of the present chateau. He named this defensive structure after his son, Renaud. This was the origin of the towns name. However, the defensive structure was not enough and the area was soon lost to the Counts of Anjou. It was under the new management that land was donated for the construction of a chapel and a small settlement at the foot of the castle site.

The development of tanneries[edit]

From the early 19th century to the mid 20th century, Château-Renault became famous for its activity of tanning leather. It was ultimately a strong industry that had a big influence on how the town developed. The leather produced was used in shoes production.

High levels of calcium carbonate in the water gave the leather produced there a thick, resistant nature and the arrival of the railway in 1867 ensured that the product had access to a market.

Demography[edit]

Historical population of Château-Renault
Year 1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881
Population 2030 2518 2052 2208 2468 2434 2877 3108 3270 3258 3562 3978 3870 3831 4256


Year 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975
Population 4203 4397 4492 4261 4299 4135 4063 4097 4106 3877 4180 4035 4238 5125 6043


Year 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009
Population 6121 5787 5538 5245 5240


Famous people related to the commune[edit]

International relations[edit]

It is twinned with the towns Ripley (United Kingdom), Mülheim-Kärlich (Germany) and Covăsânț (Romania).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]