Château de Balleroy

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Château de Balleroy
Chateau de Balleroy.JPG
La façade est et le jardin de buis.
General information
LocationCalvados, Balleroy, Basse-Normandie, Normandy
CountryFrance
Coordinates49°10′45″N 0°50′35″W / 49.1792°N 0.8430°W / 49.1792; -0.8430
Construction started17th C
Construction stopped17th C
OwnerJean de Choisy (original)
Website
http://www.chateau-balleroy.com/
References
[1]

The Château de Balleroy is a seventeenth-century château in Balleroy, Normandy.

Outlook[edit]

The fief of Balleroy, near the forest and abbey of Cerisy, was acquired on April 1, 1600 by Jean de Choisy, wine supplier at the court of Henry IV.[2]

The castle was built from 1626 to 1636 by his son, Jean II de Choisy[2] who became State Councilor and chancellor of the profligate Gaston, Duke of Orléans, brother of Louis XIII who hired architect François Mansart from 1634 for the reconstruction of the château de Blois.

1715 perspective, by Louis Boudan

An architectural Louis XIII chef d'œuvre[edit]

The unknown architect, who had already draughted the plans of the château de Berny, a remodeled dwelling for chancellor Pierre Brûlart de Sillery (1624-1625), came frequently to Balleroy from 1632 to 1634 and consigned the old plans of the former castle and village, that were shifted and laid around a main axe to enable a view on road, avenue or honorary path, moderate slope, cour d'honneur framed by two square, long, low, common pavillons, covering floors of boxwood rinceaux, and a terrace surrounded by a balustrade.

A modern œuvre, which marks a turning point in the history of French architecture.[3]

Built in bricks, schist and pierre de Caen, the castle has a central pavillon topped by a roof lantern flanked by two lower buildings.[4] The others are set around the gardens draughted by André Le Nôtre.

The interior of the castle offers a grand salon remarkable for its paintings of Pierre Mignard : Le Char du Soleil, portraits of Louis XIII and the family of his son Louis XIV,[5] wanted by Mme de Choisy.

Le jardin à la française is made up of boxwood floor carvings and a flanked terrasse of two pavillons. The castle dominates la Drôme.[5]

One of the pavillons hosts the Ballons museum, by Malcolm Forbes, which contains documents on the Montgolfier brothers.[5]

The garden is cited by Philippe Thébaud among the 300 prettiest gardens in France.[5]

The castle is ranked as a monument historique since January 18, 1951 in France.[6]

Occupants[edit]

The most well-known of the family is Francois-Timoléon (1644-1724), 4th and last son of Jean III de Choisy, travestied by his mother when young — until the age of 18 —, to court Anne of Austria and introduce him to the entourage of her younger son, Philippe of Orléans, of which he became a young gaming compagnon ; as an abbot, he left famous Mémoires pour servir l'histoire de Louis XIV (1737) ; he was sent as an ambassador to the King of Siam in view of a conversion to Catholicism ; in 1698, he sold Balleroy to the princesse d'Harcourt, born Françoise de Blacas.

In 1704, the Balleroy land became a marquisat, to the benefit of one of his cousins.

After the death of the two sons of la Cour de Balleroy during the French Revolution, their grandson only took possession in 1827 and remained the property of the inheritants till it was bought in 1970-1971 by millionaire American businessman Malcolm Forbes,[7] director of Forbes magazine.

Among the renowned inhabitants were Albert de Balleroy (Albert Félix Justin de la Cour de Balleroy), 19th century animal painter, friend of Édouard Manet and the groupe des Batignolles;[8] for of his tableaux representing hunting scenes deck the castle living room. Empress Eugénie possessed one of his œuvres.

a literary dwelling ?

Marcel Proust visited the castle along with Paul Helleu and may have made a transposition of the castle in À la recherche du temps perdu, which he renamed "château de Guermantes".[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coordonnées vérifiées sur Géoportail et Google Maps
  2. ^ a b Seydoux, Philippe (1985), Éditions de la Morande, ed., Châteaux du pays d'Auge et du Bessin, Paris, p. 11, ISBN 2-902091-14-1
  3. ^ (Jacobs & Stirton 1987, p. 14)
  4. ^ (Sabatier 1984, p. 268)
  5. ^ a b c d (Thébaud 1987, p. 149)
  6. ^ Base Mérimée
  7. ^ (Faisant 2007, pp. 377–378)
  8. ^ a b (Monneret 1987, p. 25)