Château de Mehun-sur-Yèvre
|Château de Mehun-sur-Yèvre|
An illuminated page from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry featuring an image of the Château de Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Folio 161v
|Built by||House of Courtenay & John, Duke of Berry|
The existence of a fortification at the site of Mehun-sur-Yèvre dates from antiquity. The major remains are of the early 13th century and the later 14th century. The present standing ruins date from a castle founded under the Courtenays after 1209. This fortress was transformed into a princely residence by John, Duke of Berry in 1367. Largely ruined in the 18th century the castle represented an excellent example of late Gothic architecture and early Renaissance architecture. Charles VII of France, died in the castle on July 22, 1461.
Description of the castle
The castle is built on a trapezoid plan, and originally had a tall cylindrical tower at each corner and a rectangular tower in the middle of one of the long sides. An entrance was formed in the wall between two of the towers. One tower (12m diameter) was much larger than the others (8m) and served as the keep. The keep and the west tower still stand to their full height, each capped with intricate defensive machicolations. Manuscript illustrations indicate that the castle also had a large chapel above the principal entrance.
- Mesqui, Jean (1997). Chateaux-forts et fortifications en France. Paris: Flammarion. pp. 493 pp. ISBN 2-08-012271-1.
- Article and photos of the Château de Mehun-sur-Yèvre
- Château de Mehun-sur-Yèvre ( lot pictures, history, in french