Châteldon

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Châteldon
Chateldon panorama 1.JPG
Châteldon is located in France
Châteldon
Châteldon
Coordinates: 45°58′39″N 3°31′16″E / 45.9775°N 3.5211°E / 45.9775; 3.5211Coordinates: 45°58′39″N 3°31′16″E / 45.9775°N 3.5211°E / 45.9775; 3.5211
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Puy-de-Dôme
Arrondissement Thiers
Canton Maringues[1]
Intercommunality Entre Allier et Bois Noirs[2]
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Tony Bernard[3]
Area1 28.43 km2 (10.98 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 779
 • Density 27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 63102 /63290
Elevation 285–862 m (935–2,828 ft)
(avg. 300 m or 980 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Châteldon is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in central France.

About the town[edit]

Châteldon is a medieval village in the northern part of Auvergne. It dates from the early Middle Ages, with many of its buildings dating back to the 14th century. The town's fortifications are still in evidence.

The village lies on the western edge of the Montagne Bourbonnaise and the northern edge of the Livradois-Forez Regional Natural Park, the largest nature park in Europe. To the west lies the Limagne, where the Allier and Dore rivers converge. Nineteen kilometres to the north is the City of Vichy.

Château de Châteldon was purchased by Pierre Laval, who went on to serve as the French Prime Minister from 1942 to 1944, in September 1931.[4] Laval purchased it from Léon Sénèque.[4] As of 2014, the castle belonged to the Josée and René de Chambrun Foundation.[5]

Nearby towns[edit]

Administration[edit]

List of the Mayors of Châteldon
Election Date Name
1790 Jean-Baptiste Couher
1792 Louis Chabrier
1793 Jean-Baptiste Quissac
1800 Michel Delaire
1810 Hugues Debrit
1926 Léon Seneque
1929 Victor Rivet
1940 Charles Cocurat
1964 Victor Ducher
1965 René Verdier
1971 René Verdier
1977 René Verdie
1978 Genès Fradin
1983 Genès Fradin
1989 Jean-Paul Dassaud
1995 Jean-Paul Dassaud
1997 Tony Bernard
2001 Tony Bernard
2008 Tony Bernard
2014 Tony Bernard[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population of Châteldon
Year 1882 1990 1999 2006 2013
Population 1946 840 737 760 779
Source: Insee

Mineral water[edit]

Châteldon is known for its naturally carbonated mineral water. It was the first mineral water exploited in France and transported by bottles to the Court of Louis XIV in Versailles. This water is used for its diuretic and digestive properties. It is also rich in potassium, sodium and fluorine. In France, one finds the water of Châteldon in the large hotels and restaurants, and in delicatessens. In 1650, the first doctor of the king, Guy-Crescent Fagon, praised the virtues of Châteldon to Louis XIV.

Famous people[edit]

Châteldon was the birthplace of Pierre Laval (1883–1945), French politician and his wife Marguerite Laval (1888-1959), born Claussat, the daughter of the mayor of Chateldon Dr. Joseph Claussat.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Décret 2014-210 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Puy-de-Dôme" [2014-210 decree delimiting cantons of Puy-de-Dôme department]. Légifrance (in French). 21 February 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Commune de Châteldon (63102)" [Commune of Châteldon (63102)]. Insee (in French). Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "List of Mayors of Puy-de-Dôme" (PDF). Prefecture of Puy-de-Dôme. 9 April 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Kupferman, Fred (2015). Pierre Laval (2nd ed.). Paris: Tallandier. pp. 87–118. ISBN 9782847342543 – via Cairn.info. (Registration required (help)). 
  5. ^ Gondeau, Jean-Paul (August 8, 2014). "A Châteldon, le château du dernier propriétaire, proscrit et renié, ne se visite pas". La Montagne (in French). Retrieved July 8, 2016. 

External links[edit]