Chía, Cundinamarca

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Chía
Park in Chía
Park in Chía
Flag of Chía
Flag
Official seal of Chía
Seal
Nickname(s): City of the Moon
Location of the town and municipality of Chia in Cundinamarca Department.
Location of the town and municipality of Chia in Cundinamarca Department.
Chía is located in Colombia
Chía
Chía
Location of the town and municipality of Chia in Cundinamarca Department.
Coordinates: 4°51′N 74°03′E / 4.850°N 74.050°E / 4.850; 74.050
Country Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
Province Central Savanna
Founded 24 March 1537
Founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
Government
 • Mayor Leonardo Donoso Ruíz
(2016-2019)
Area
 • City 80 km2 (30 sq mi)
 • Urban 79 km2 (31 sq mi)
Elevation 2,564 m (8,412 ft)
Population (2016)
 • City 129,652
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Urban 101,724
Demonym(s) Chiense or Chiano
Website Official website
Castillo Marroquín

Chía is a town and municipality in the Cundinamarca department of Colombia, located to the north of Bogotá on the main road to Zipaquira. Its history dates back to the pre-Columbian era.

Due to its proximity to Bogotá, Chía has effectively become a suburb of the capital. It is also home of the Universidad de la Sabana.

Etymology[edit]

Chía comes from the Chibcha language and means "Moon" or "month". It was the name of the Moon goddess of the Muisca people; Chía.[1]

History[edit]

Chía was inhabited first by indigenous groups during the Herrera Period and later by the Muisca, as an importent settlement in the pre-Columbian era. It was a ceremonial center of worship to the Moon goddess Chía. On March 24, 1537 the Spanish, under the command of Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, took possession of the town.

In 1781, during the Revolt of the Comuneros, the march of the insurgents towards Bogotá stopped near Chía in order to cross the Bogotá River, in what is now known as the Bridge of the Commoners (Spanish: Puente del Común). At that site the viceroy signed a series of concessions to the rebels. However, once the rebel group had dispersed, the viceroy declared the concessions invalid for having been signed "under pressure". It is widely believed that eventually Bogota will merge with Chia, if the city continues expanding (as it happened with Bosa and Soacha).

Borders[edit]

Other information[edit]

  • Market Day: Sunday
  • Median temperature: 14 °C
  • DANE Code: 25175

Sites of interest[edit]

  • Marroquín Castle
  • Hacienda Yerbabuena
  • Puente del Común
  • Chía Mall (Centro-Chía)
  • Andrés Carne de Res
  • Iglesia la Valvanera

Sports facilities[edit]

  • Sports unit "Rio Frio"
  • Olympic village
  • BMX Track "Iván de Jesús Barrientos"

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Spanish) Etymology Chía

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 4°51′N 74°03′W / 4.850°N 74.050°W / 4.850; -74.050