Chubu Centrair International Airport

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Chubu Centrair International Airport

中部国際空港

Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō
CENTRAIR logo.PNG
Chubu Central Airport aerial view.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorCentral Japan International Airport Co., Ltd. (CJIAC)
ServesNagoya, Japan
LocationTokoname, Aichi, Japan
Hub for
Focus city forJapan Airlines
Elevation AMSL12 ft / 4 m
Coordinates34°51′30″N 136°48′19″E / 34.85833°N 136.80528°E / 34.85833; 136.80528Coordinates: 34°51′30″N 136°48′19″E / 34.85833°N 136.80528°E / 34.85833; 136.80528
Website(in English) www.centrair.jp
Map
RJGG is located in Aichi Prefecture
RJGG
RJGG
Location in Aichi Prefecture
RJGG is located in Japan
RJGG
RJGG
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 3,500 11,483 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers12,043,636
Cargo (metric tonnes)199,140
Aircraft movement96,591

Chubu Centrair International Airport (中部国際空港, Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō) (IATA: NGO, ICAO: RJGG) is an international airport on an artificial island in Ise Bay, Tokoname City in Aichi Prefecture, 35 km (22 mi) south of Nagoya in central Japan.[2]

Centrair is classified as a first class airport and is the main international gateway for the Chubu ("central") region of Japan. The name "Centrair" (セントレア, Sentorea) is an abbreviation of Central Japan International Airport, an alternate translation used in the English name of the airport's operating company, Central Japan International Airport Co., Ltd. (中部国際空港株式会社, Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō Kabushiki-gaisha). 10.2 million people used the airport in 2015, ranking 8th busiest in the nation, and 208,000 tons of cargo was moved in 2015.

History[edit]

JAL and ANA operations at Chubu International Airport

Chubu Centrair serves the third largest metropolitan area in Japan, centered around the city of Nagoya. The region is a major manufacturing centre, with the headquarters and production facilities of Toyota Motor Corporation and production facilities for Mitsubishi Motors and Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation.[3]

With much lobbying by local business groups such as Toyota, especially for 24-hour cargo flights, construction started August 2000, with a budget of JPY¥768 billion (€5.5 billion, US$7.3 billion), but through efficient management nearly ¥100 billion was saved.[4] Penta-Ocean Construction was a major contractor.[5]

According to Japanese media sources, Kodo-kai, a Yakuza faction in the Yamaguchi-gumi group, earned an immense amount of money by being the sole supplier, via a front company called Samix, of dirt, rock, sand, and gravel for the airport construction project. Although several Samix executives were criminally indicted for racketeering, the prosecutions were later dropped. According to the sources, Kodo-kai had informants working within the Nagoya police who fed the organization inside information which allowed them to stay a step ahead of investigating authorities.[6]

When Chubu Centrair opened on 17 February 2005, it took over almost all of the existing Nagoya Airport's (now Nagoya Airfield) commercial flights, and relieved Tokyo and Kansai areas of cargo shipments. As a replacement for Nagoya Airport, it also inherited its IATA airport code NGO. The airport opened in time to service the influx of visitors for Expo 2005, located near Nagoya. The airport is speculated to have some competition with Shizuoka Airport, which opened on 4 June 2009.

Route withdrawals[edit]

There were several withdrawals from Chubu Centrair after the airport commenced its operation. American Airlines operated a route to Chicago for less than seven months in 2005, but said the service was "not as profitable as we had hoped".[7] In 2008, after a few years of service from Chubu Centrair, several airlines cancelled certain flights and put others on hiatus, including Malaysia Airlines' suspension of flight to Kuala Lumpur,[8] Jetstar ending its airport operation, Continental Airlines stopping its Honolulu flight and United Airlines' suspension of flights to San Francisco, citing low premium cabin demand. This flight also continued to Chicago until 2007.[9] Emirates and Hong Kong Express Airways left the airport in 2009, although HK Express resumed service from September 2014. Japan Airlines also ended its flights to Paris in 2009. Garuda Indonesia ended service from Denpasar in March 2012, but resumed service to Nagoya with the opening of direct flights from Jakarta in March 2019. EVA Air left the airport in June 2012 (they have since planned to resume service from June 2019). TransAsia Airways subsidiary V Air withdrew from Centrair and ended operations in October 2016.

Nagoya continues to offer intercontinental flights through Delta Air Lines' services to Detroit and Honolulu, Lufthansa's service to Frankfurt and Finnair's service to Helsinki.

Ongoing projects[edit]

Three construction projects are ongoing to the southeast of the main terminal: "Flight of Dreams" to be completed in summer 2018, a low-cost carrier terminal to be completed in early 2019, and the Aichi International Convention Center to be completed in fall 2019.[10]

Terminals[edit]

Main hall of arrival, at the conjuncture of the "T"-shaped building

The northern side of the terminal holds domestic flights, while the southern side holds international flights, each with dedicated ticket counters, security checkpoints and baggage carousels, and for international flights, immigration and customs facilities. Arrivals are processed on the second floor, and departures on the third. The lower level is used for maintenance, catering, and other ground operations, as well as for passenger buses to hardstands in the middle of the airport ramp. There are thirteen gates for domestic flights (including three bus gates), and fourteen for international flights (including three bus gates).[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Japan Sapporo–Chitose, Sendai, Taipei–Taoyuan
Air Busan Busan[12]
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong
Air Do Hakodate, Sapporo–Chitose
All Nippon Airways Asahikawa, Fukuoka, Hakodate, Hong Kong, Ishigaki, Kagoshima, Memanbetsu, Miyako, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Haneda
Seasonal: Kushiro
ANA Wings Akita, Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Matsuyama, Miyazaki, Niigata, Sendai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Qingdao,[13] Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan,[14] Xi'an,[15] Yantai[14]
China Southern Airlines Changchun,[15] Changsha,[16] Dalian, Guangzhou, Harbin,[17] Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Wuhan (resumes 28 October 2019)[18]
Delta Air Lines Detroit, Honolulu
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, Beijing–Capital
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan[19]
Finnair Helsinki
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta[20]
HK Express Hong Kong
Ibex Airlines Fukuoka, Ōita, Sendai
Japan Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Honolulu, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Seasonal: Obihiro
Japan Transocean Air Naha
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Jetstar Japan Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Manila, Naha,[21] Sapporo–Chitose
Juneyao Airlines Nanjing,[22] Shanghai–Pudong, Wuxi (begins 27 October 2019),[23] Xiamen
Korean Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Loong Air Xi'an (begins 7 November 2019)[24]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Philippine Airlines Cebu, Manila
Shandong Airlines Jinan,[25] Qingdao[25]
Shanghai Airlines Guangzhou[26]
Shenzhen Airlines Wuxi (begins 1 November 2019)[27]
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Skymark Airlines Kagoshima, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose
Solaseed Air Kagoshima, Naha
Spring Airlines Ningbo, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen[28]
StarFlyer Fukuoka, Taipei–Taoyuan
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Don Mueang[29]
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang[30]
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin[31]
Tigerair Taiwan Kaohsiung,[32] Taipei–Taoyuan
T'way Airlines Jeju[33]
United Airlines Guam
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City

Former Intercontinental Service[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
American Airlines Chicago–O'Hare (terminated 2005)
Continental Micronesia Honolulu (terminated 2008)
Emirates Dubai–International (terminated 2009)
Japan Airlines Paris–Charles de Gaulle (terminated 2009)
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare (terminated 2007), San Francisco (terminated 2008)

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo
ANA Cargo Hong Kong, Naha
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
DHL Aviation Anchorage, Cincinnati, Charleston (SC), Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle, McConnell AFB, Seattle–Paine, Seoul–Incheon, Taranto–Grottaglie, Taipei–Taoyuan
National Airlines (N8) Anchorage, Los Angeles
Nippon Cargo Airlines Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Transmile Air Services Kuala Lumpur–International
ULS Cargo Hong Kong, Istanbul–Atatürk

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Meitetsu's μSky Limited Express (right) and Limited Express (left)

Central Japan International Airport Station, the train station for Centrair is located on the Meitetsu Airport Line operated by Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu). The fastest "μSky Limited Express" service connects the airport to Meitetsu Nagoya Station in 28 minutes. All μSky Limited Express are operating at a max speed of 120 km/h by 2000 series trains, which have all seats designated and it is required to purchase an extra 360 yen "special limited express ticket".[34] Meitetsu Nagoya Station is adjacent to JR Nagoya Station, allowing transfers to Shinkansen bullet trains bound for not only Tokyo and Osaka but also many major cities, as well as JR, Meitetsu, and Kintetsu local trains, and the Nagoya Municipal Subway.

There is a proposal for a JR line linking Centrair to Nagoya Station and the JR network through Taketoyo Line's Okkawa Station. However, there's no actual construction works have been implemented at the moment.

There's also a proposal for Aonami line linking Centrair to Nagoya Station by constructing a tunnel or bridge. Nagoya municipal government has acted the assessment of feasibility in 2019.[35]

Bus[edit]

Centrair Limousine provides direct bus service to and from central Nagoya, Sakae, and major hotels.[36] It is operated by a private bus company in Mie Prefecture. High-speed buses to the neighboring prefectures for 3,000 yen to Kyoto via Mie Prefecture have been operating.[37][38]

Ferry[edit]

Three high-speed ferry services link Centrair to the west side of Ise Bay. One ferry connects to the passenger terminal in Tsu – a 40-minute trip. Another ferry links Matsusaka to Tokoname, taking 45 minutes.

Car[edit]

A toll road links Centrair and the mainland.

Shopping[edit]

Centrair features the 4th Floor Sky Town Shopping Center, accessible to the general public, with 61 shops and restaurants. organized into two "streets", Renga-dori[39] and Chochin-yokocho.[40] The Chochin-yokocho shops are individually themed to have an authentic Japanese look.

Other facilities[edit]

The Boeing Dreamlifter Operations Center is located on the airport's apron, to the south of the main terminal. This facility is used to store Japanese components of the Boeing 787 aircraft while awaiting airlift to the assembly facility in the US.[10]

Accolades[edit]

  • 2009: 4th Best Airport in the World of the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International[41]
  • 2011: 5th Best Airport Worldwide of the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International[42] and Best Airport by Size in the 5 to 15 million passenger category.[43]
  • 2015: Skytrax announced Chubu International Airport won the first place in the "Best Regional Airport 2015" award and first place in the "Best Regional Airport – Asia" award for the fifth year running.[44]
  • 2016: Skytrax rated Chubu International Airport as the "World's Best Regional Airport 2016" and the 6th "Best Airport Worldwide"[45][46]
  • 2017: Chubu International Airport became the first airport in the world to achieve "5-Star Regional Airport Rating" by Skytrax.[47]
  • 2018: For 4 consecutive years, Chubu International Airport won "The World's Best Regional Airport" award (Skytrax). Chubu was also ranked the 7th best airport in the world.[48][49]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chubu International Airport" (PDF). Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  2. ^ AIS Japan
  3. ^ "Feb 10, 2005 GOODBYE & AND THANK YOU KOMAKI AIRPORT". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Central Japan International Airport". 23 April 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  5. ^ "Centrair Profile and History". airport-technology.com. Retrieved 23 March 2014.[unreliable source?]
  6. ^ Sentaku Magazine (reprinted in the Japan Times), "Kodo-kai still raking in funds despite tougher yakuza laws", 23 October 2015
  7. ^ Skertic, Mark (1 October 2005). "American Airlines to end flights to Nagoya, Japan". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  8. ^ "LCC eyes Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur runs". Kyodo. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  9. ^ Brown, Steven (22 July 2008). "United Airlines to stop flying to Nagoya from S.F." San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  10. ^ a b "中部国際空港セントレアのご案内" (PDF). Chubu Centrair International Airport. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Airport Guide" (PDF). Chubu Centrair International Airport. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  12. ^ "Air Busan adds Busan – Nagoya service from June 2018".
  13. ^ "China Eastern reopens Qingdao – Nagoya reservation in W16".
  14. ^ a b "China Eastern Adds Yantai – Nagoya Service in Sep/Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  15. ^ a b https://www.centrair.jp/airport/flight_info/monthly/1206105_1744.html
  16. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/285312/china-southern-adds-changsha-nagoya-route-from-august-2019/
  17. ^ "China Southern boosts Harbin international routes in S19". routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  18. ^ Liu, Jim. "China Southern W19 Japan service changes as of 27SEP19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  19. ^ "EVA Air resumes Nagoya service in June 2019".
  20. ^ "Garuda Indonesia resumes Nagoya service in March 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Jetstar Route Map". Jetstar. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  22. ^ "Juneyao Airlines revises Nanjing – Nagoya service to June 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  23. ^ "Juneyao Airlines adds new routes to Japan in W19". routesonline. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  24. ^ Liu, Jim (9 October 2019). "Loong Air adds Xi'An – Nagoya service from Nov 2019". routesonline.com.
  25. ^ a b "Shandong Airlines plans Nagoya service launch in S19". routesonline. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Shanghai Airlines adds Guangzhou – Nagoya service from April 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  27. ^ "Shenzhen Airlines adds new routes to Japan in W19". routesonline. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  28. ^ "Spring Airlines adds Shenzhen – Nagoya service from May 2019".
  29. ^ "Thai Airasia Carrier Expands Japan Network with Bangkok-Nagoya Service".
  30. ^ "Thai Lion Air schedules additional routes to Japan in 1Q19". routesonline. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  31. ^ "Tianjin Airlines adds Tianjin – Nagoya service in S19". routesonline. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  32. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "tigerair Taiwan adds new Japan routes from July 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  33. ^ "T'Way Air adds Jeju – Nagoya service from April 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  34. ^ "名鉄空港特急「ミュースカイ」 – 電車のご利用案内 | 名古屋鉄道". www.meitetsu.co.jp. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  35. ^ 関謙次. "名古屋・あおなみ線、中部空港まで延びる? 市が検討へ". 朝日新聞 (in Japanese). Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  36. ^ "Centrair Limousine – Chubu Centrair International Airport, Nagoya". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  37. ^ "AIRPORT BUS". Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  38. ^ "Nonstop Express Limousine Bus Service". Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  39. ^ Renga-dori Archived 1 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ Chochin-yokocho Archived 1 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  41. ^ "The World's Best Airports 2009 – Asia Comes out on Top" Businessweek. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  42. ^ "World's best airports announced – Asia dominates" Archived 9 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine CNN Go. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  43. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport by Size (5-15m)". Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
  44. ^ "Chubu International Airport awarded Best Regional Airport 2015". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  45. ^ The 10 best airports in the world Retrieved 22 April 2018
  46. ^ World's Best Airports 2016 Archived 18 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 22 April 2018
  47. ^ Chubu Centair is the world's first 5-star regional airport. Retrieved 22 April 2018
  48. ^ World's Best Regional Airport 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2018
  49. ^ World's best airports for 2018 Retrieved 18 July 2018

External links[edit]