Chubu Centrair International Airport

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For the other airport serving Nagoya, see Nagoya Airfield.
Chubu Centrair International Airport
中部国際空港
Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō
CENTRAIR logo.PNG
Chubu Central Airport aerial view.jpg
IATA: NGOICAO: RJGG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Central Japan International Airport Co., Ltd. (CJIAC)
Serves Nagoya, Japan
Location Tokoname, Aichi, Japan
Hub for
Focus city for Japan Airlines
Elevation AMSL 12 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 34°51′30″N 136°48′19″E / 34.85833°N 136.80528°E / 34.85833; 136.80528Coordinates: 34°51′30″N 136°48′19″E / 34.85833°N 136.80528°E / 34.85833; 136.80528
Website (English) www.centrair.jp
Map
NGORJGG is located in Japan
NGORJGG
NGO
RJGG
Location in Japan 34°51′30″N 136°48′19″E / 34.85833°N 136.80528°E / 34.85833; 136.80528
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 3,500 11,483 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Total Passengers 10,424,663
Domestic Passenger 5,524,633
International Passenger 4,900,030
Aircraft Movements 97,755
Sources:

Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[1]

Centrair Airport 2015 Annual Report

Chubu Centrair International Airport (中部国際空港 Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō?) (IATA: NGOICAO: RJGG) is an airport on an artificial island in Ise Bay, Tokoname City in Aichi Prefecture, 35 km (22 mi) south of Nagoya in central Japan.[1]

Centrair is classified as a first class airport and is the main international gateway for the Chubu ("central") region of Japan. The name "Centrair" (セントレア Sentorea?) is an abbreviation of Central Japan International Airport, an alternate translation used in the English name of the airport's operating company, Central Japan International Airport Co., Ltd. (中部国際空港株式会社 Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō Kabushiki-gaisha?).

Some 11,721,673 people used the airport in 2006, ranking 8th busiest in the nation, and 273,874 tons of cargo was moved in 2005.

History[edit]

JAL and ANA operations at Chubu International Airport

Chubu Centrair is one of Japan's five off-shore airports, developed after Nagasaki Airport and Kansai International Airport and before Kobe Airport and Kitakyushu Airport. Chubu Centrair is the second airport built in Japan on a manmade island, after Kansai International Airport.

Chubu Centrair serves the third largest metropolitan area in Japan, centered around the city of Nagoya. The region is a major manufacturing centre, with the headquarters and production facilities of Toyota Motor Corporation and production facilities for Mitsubishi Motors and Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation.[2]

With much lobbying by local business groups such as Toyota, especially for 24-hour cargo flights, construction started August 2000, with a budget of JPY¥768 billion (€5.5 billion, US$7.3 billion), but through efficient management nearly ¥100 billion was saved.[3] Penta-Ocean Construction was a major contractor.[4]

In addition to cost-cutting measures, a number of environmental protection measures had been taken after learning from Kansai International Airport. The artificial island itself was shaped like the rounded letter "D" so that sea currents inside the bay will flow freely. Its shores were partially constructed with natural rocks and sloped to aid sea lifeforms to set up colonies. During the construction a species of little tern occasionally came, so a part of the island was selected and set aside to aid nesting.

According to Japanese media sources, Kodo-kai, a Yakuza faction in the Yamaguchi-gumi group, earned an immense amount of money by being the sole supplier, via a front company called Samix, of dirt, rock, sand, and gravel for the airport construction project. Although several Samix executives were criminally indicted for racketeering, the prosecutions were later dropped. According to the sources, Kodo-kai had informants working within the Nagoya police who fed the organization inside information which allowed them to stay a step ahead of investigating authorities.[5]

When Chubu Centrair opened on 17 February 2005, it took over almost all of the existing Nagoya Airport's (now Nagoya Airfield) commercial flights, and relieved Tokyo and Kansai areas of cargo shipments. As a replacement for Nagoya Airport, it also inherited its IATA airport code NGO. The airport opened in time to service the influx of visitors for Expo 2005, located near Nagoya. The airport is speculated to have some competition with Shizuoka Airport, which opened on 4 June 2009.

Japan Airlines (JAL) was the first airline to land an aircraft at Chubu Centrair: a Boeing 767-300ER, carrying around 206 passengers on board a charter flight from Saipan to commemorate the opening of Chubu Centrair.

Route withdrawals[edit]

There were several withdrawals from Chubu Centrair after the airport commenced its operation. American Airlines operated a route to Chicago for less than seven months in 2005, but said the service was "not as profitable as we had hoped".[6] In 2008, after a few years of service from Chubu Centrair, several airlines cancelled certain flights and put others on hiatus, including Malaysia Airlines' suspension of flight to Kuala Lumpur,[7] Jetstar ending its airport operation, Continental Airlines stopping its Honolulu flight and United Airlines' suspension of flights to San Francisco, citing low premium cabin demand.[8] Emirates and Hong Kong Express Airways retreated from the airport in 2009, although the latter resumed service from September 2014. Garuda Indonesia and EVA Air (regular flights only) left the airport in 2012. V Air will withdraw from Centrair and end operations in October 2016.

Terminals[edit]

Main terminal[edit]

Gates at Centrair
Main hall of arrival, at the conjuncture of the "T"-shaped building

The main terminal is shaped like a "T", with three piers radiating from a central ticketing area. This design keeps check-in distances below 300 m (980 ft). Originally, designers planned to make the main terminal resemble an origami crane from above, but this plan was abandoned due to cost.

The northern side of the terminal holds domestic flights, while the southern side holds international flights, each with dedicated ticket counters, security checkpoints and baggage carousels, and for international flights, immigration and customs facilities. Arrivals are processed on the second floor, and departures on the third. The lower level is used for maintenance, catering, and other ground operations, as well as for passenger buses to hardstands in the middle of the airport ramp. There are thirteen gates for domestic flights (including three bus gates), and fourteen for international flights (including three bus gates).[9]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air China Beijing-Capital, Shanghai-Pudong
Air Do Sapporo-Chitose, Hakodate
AirAsia Japan Sapporo-Chitose, Taipei-Taoyuan (both resume 1 February 2017)[10]
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Vancouver (begins 1 June 2017)[11]
All Nippon Airways Fukuoka, Hong Kong, Ishigaki, Memanbetsu, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Naha, Sapporo-Chitose, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Haneda
All Nippon Airways
operated by ANA Wings
Akita, Aomori, Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Matsuyama, Miyazaki, Niigata, Ōita, Sendai, Tokyo-Narita, Ube, Yonago
All Nippon Airways
operated by Ibex Airlines
Sendai
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong, Taipei-Taoyuan
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
Seasonal Charter: Taichung[12]
China Eastern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing,[13] Hefei,[13] Qingdao,[14] Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan,[15] Yantai[15]
China Southern Airlines Dalian, Guangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Wuhan, Zhengzhou[16]
Delta Air Lines Detroit, Guam, Honolulu
Seasonal: Saipan
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, Beijing-Capital
Finnair Helsinki
HK Express Hong Kong
Japan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Honolulu, Sapporo-Chitose, Sendai, Shanghai-Pudong, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita
Japan Airlines
operated by J-Air
Fukuoka, Naha, Tokyo-Haneda
Japan Airlines
operated by Japan Transocean Air
Ishigaki, Naha
Jeju Air Seoul-Gimpo, Seoul-Incheon
Jetstar Japan Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Naha,[17] Sapporo-Chitose, Taipei–Taoyuan[18]
Seasonal: Manila[19]
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
Korean Air Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Seasonal: Jeju
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Philippine Airlines Cebu, Manila
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Shenzhen Airlines Nantong[20]
Skymark Airlines Naha, Sapporo-Chitose
Spring Airlines Changzhou,[21] Guiyang,[21] Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Ningbo,[22] Shanghai-Pudong, Shijiazhuang
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tigerair Taiwan Taipei-Taoyuan
United Airlines Guam
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow-Sheremetyevo
ANA Cargo Hong Kong, Naha
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
British Airways World Cargo Hong Kong
DHL Aviation
operated by Atlas Air
Charleston (SC), Cincinnati, McConnell AFB, Seattle-Paine, Taranto-Grottaglie
DHL Aviation
operated by Polar Air Cargo
Cincinnati, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan Intl
National Cargo Anchorage, Los Angeles
Nippon Cargo Airlines Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Transmile Air Services Kuala Lumpur–International
ULS Cargo Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Meitetsu's μSky Limited Express (right) and Limited Express (left)

Central Japan International Airport Station, the train station for Centrair is located on the Meitetsu Airport Line operated by Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu). The fastest "μSky Limited Express" service connects the airport to Meitetsu-Nagoya Station in 28 minutes. Meitetsu Nagoya is adjacent to JR Nagoya Station, allowing transfers to Shinkansen high-speed trains bound for Kyoto and Shizuoka, as well as JR, Meitetsu, and Kintetsu local trains, and the Nagoya Municipal Subway. There is a proposal for a JR line linking Centrair to Nagoya Station and the JR system through Taketoyo Line's Okkawa Station.

Bus[edit]

Centrair Limousine provides direct bus service to and from central Nagoya, Sakae, and major hotels (with stops at Fushimi‐cho, Hilton Nagoya, Nagoya Kanko Hotel, Sakae, and Nagoya Tokyu Hotel).[23] Travel time is around 1 hour, and the charge is 1,000 yen for adults and 500 yen for children. Reservations are not required. And operated by private bus company in Mie Prefecture, High-speed bus to the neighboring prefectures, the bus of 3,000yen to Kyoto via Mie Prefecture has been operating.[24]

Ferry[edit]

Three high-speed ferry services link Centrair to the west side of Ise Bay. One ferry connects to the passenger terminal in Tsu – a 40-minute trip. Another ferry links Matsusaka to Tokoname, taking 45 minutes.

Car[edit]

A toll road links Centrair and the mainland.

Shopping[edit]

Centrair features the 4th Floor Sky Town Shopping Center, accessible to the general public, with 61 shops and restaurants. organized into two "streets", Renga-dori[25] and Chochin-yokocho.[26] The Chochin-yokocho shops are individually themed to have an authentic Japanese look.

There is a duty-free[27] area in the international departure area on the 3rd floor as well.

Accolades[edit]

  • 2009: 4th Best Airport in the World of the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International[28]
  • 2011: 5th Best Airport Worldwide of the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International[29] and Best Airport by Size in the 5 to 15 million passenger category.[30]
  • 2015: Skytrax announced Chubu International Airport won the first place in the "Best Regional Airport 2015" award.[citation needed]
  • 2016: Skytrax rated Chubu International Airport as the "World's Best Regional Airport 2016" and the 6th "Best Airport Worldwide"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b AIS Japan[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Feb 10, 2005 GOODBYE & AND THANK YOU KOMAKI AIRPORT". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Central Japan International Airport". Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Centrair Profile and History". airport-technology.com. Retrieved 23 March 2014. [unreliable source?]
  5. ^ Sentaku Magazine (reprinted in the Japan Times), "Kodo-kai still raking in funds despite tougher yakuza laws", 23 October 2015
  6. ^ Skertic, Mark (1 October 2005). "American Airlines to end flights to Nagoya, Japan". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "LCC eyes Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur runs". Kyodo. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Brown, Steven (22 July 2008). "United Airlines to stop flying to Nagoya from S.F.". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "Airport Guide" (PDF). Chubu Centrair International Airport. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "AirAsia Japan Files Preliminary Schedules in Feb 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  11. ^ http://www.travelweek.ca/news/six-new-air-canada-routes-india-asia-africa-europe-start-summer-2017/
  12. ^ "China Airlines Adds Taichung – Nagoya Charter in S16". airlineroute. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  13. ^ a b 6月28日起东航开通重庆—合肥—名古屋航线
  14. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269132/china-eastern-reopens-qingdao-nagoya-reservation-in-w16/
  15. ^ a b "China Eastern Adds Yantai - Nagoya Service in Sep/Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  16. ^ "China Southern Adds New Zhengzhou - Japan Routes from late-June 2015". Airlineroute.net. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Jetstar Route Map". Jetstar,accessdate=9 February 2015. 
  18. ^ "Jetstar Japan to Launch Taipei Service from late-Nov 2015". Airlineroute.net. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Jetstar Japan Suspends Manila in July/Aug 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  20. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/12/17/zh-ntg-jan16/
  21. ^ a b http://airlineroute.net/2015/08/12/9c-kixngo-sep15/
  22. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/11/06/9c-ngbngo-dec15/
  23. ^ "Centrair Limousine - Chubu Centrair International Airport, Nagoya". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  24. ^ (PDF) http://www.sanco.co.jp/highway/centrair-kyoto-flyer_en.pdf. Retrieved 1 July 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ Renga-dori
  26. ^ Chochin-yokocho
  27. ^ Centrair Duty Free
  28. ^ "The World's Best Airports 2009 – Asia Comes out on Top" Businessweek. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  29. ^ "World's best airports announced – Asia dominates" CNN Go. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  30. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport by Size (5-15m)". Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012.

External links[edit]