Chūkyō metropolitan area

Coordinates: 35°10′N 136°55′E / 35.167°N 136.917°E / 35.167; 136.917
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Chūkyō metropolitan area
Chūkyō metropolitan area is located in Japan
Chūkyō metropolitan area
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°10′N 136°55′E / 35.167°N 136.917°E / 35.167; 136.917
Country Japan
 • Metro
7,072 km2 (2,731 sq mi)
 (Demographia World Urban Areas 2019 [])
 • Metro
10,110,000 (2,023 Estimates)
 • Metro density1,430/km2 (3,701/sq mi)

Chūkyō (中京圏, Chūkyō-ken), or the Chūkyō region (中京地方, Chūkyō-chihō), is a major metropolitan area in Japan that is centered on the city of Nagoya (the "Chūkyō", i.e., the "capital in the middle") in Aichi Prefecture. The area makes up the most urbanized part of the Tōkai region. The population of 10,110,000 over an area of 7,072 square kilometers.[1] Nevertheless, like most of Japan's major metro areas, the core of it lies on a fertile alluvial plain, in this case the Nōbi Plain.

Nagoya metropolitan area
Nagoya MEA
Core cities
 • Total2,791.72 km2 (1,077.89 sq mi)
 • Inhabitable area1,902.02 km2 (734.37 sq mi)
 • Total6,871,632
 • Rank3rd in Japan
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)[2]22.5 trillion Japanese yen (2010)

It is among the 50 most populous metropolitan areas in the world, and is the third most populous metropolitan area in Japan (after Greater Tokyo and Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto), containing roughly 7% of Japan's population. Historically, this region has taken a back seat to the other two power centers, both politically and economically; however, the agglomeration of Nagoya is the world's 22nd-largest metro area economy, in terms of gross metropolitan product at purchasing power parity in 2014, according to a study by the Brookings Institution.[4] The GDP of Greater Nagoya, Nagoya Metropolitan Employment Area, is US$256.3 billion in 2010.[2][5]


The metropolitan area stretches beyond the central city of Nagoya to other municipalities in Aichi Prefecture, as well as neighboring Gifu and Mie prefectures.

Aichi Prefecture[edit]

Western Aichi PrefectureOwari Province
Eastern Aichi Prefecture(Mikawa Province
Toyohashi MEA
Toyota MEA
Okazaki MEA

Gifu Prefecture[edit]

Gifu MEA
Ogaki MEA

Mie Prefecture[edit]

Yokkaichi MEA


Chūbu Centrair International Airport
Nagoya Airport
Port of Nagoya

Major airports[edit]

Major railways[edit]

There are at least 38 passenger train lines in the Greater Nagoya area. JR runs six, Nagoya Subway seven, Meitetsu 18, Kintetsu four, and five other operators one each.

JR Central
Other operators

Major intercity highways[edit]


2014 Chūkyō metropolitan area's GDP per capita (PPP) was US$40,144.[6]


Per Japanese census data,[7][8][9] and[10][circular reference] , Chūkyō metropolitan area, also known as greater Nagoya, has had continuous population growth.

Historical population
1950 2,237,000—    
1960 4,297,000+92.1%
1970 6,603,000+53.7%
1980 7,777,000+17.8%
1990 8,407,000+8.1%
2000 8,740,000+4.0%
2010 9,107,414+4.2%
2020 9,552,132+4.9%

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Demographia World Urban Areas 2019
  2. ^ a b c Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu. "Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) Data". Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  3. ^ Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu. "Urban Employment Area (MEA) Code Table". Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo. Archived from the original on January 9, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  5. ^ Conversion rates - Exchange rates - OECD Data
  6. ^ "Global Metro Monitor". 22 January 2015.
  7. ^ Greater Nagoya
  8. ^ Chūkyō metropolitan area
  9. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  10. ^ List of metropolitan areas in Japan

The area defined by the Chukyo Area Person-Trip Survey, a study of commuter movement, is slightly different from the census definition. It includes southern Aichi and areas immediately north of Gifu City. It adds two cities in Aichi Prefecture (Tahara and Toyohashi) and two cities in Gifu Prefecture (Mino and Seki). Additionally, it excludes two cities in Gifu Prefecture (Ena and Nakatsugawa).