Chấn line

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Chấn line
Fourth Dynasty of Hùng kings

Chi Chấn
c. 2252 – c. 1913 B.C.
CapitalPhong Châu
GovernmentMonarchy
Hùng king 
• c. 2252 BC–
Bửu Lang
Historical eraHồng Bàng period
• End of the Cấn line
c. 2252 B.C.
• Beginning of the Tốn line
c. 1913 B.C.
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Cấn line
Tốn line

The Chấn line (Vietnamese: chi Chấn; chi can also be translated to as branch) was the fourth dynasty of Hùng kings of the Hồng Bàng period of Văn Lang (now Viet Nam). Starting approximately 2252 B.C., the line refers to the rule of Bửu Lang and his successors, when the seat of government was centered at Phú Thọ.[1]

History[edit]

Bửu Lang[a] (year of birth unknown) took the regnal name of Hùng Diệp Vương[b] upon becoming Hùng king.[2] The series of all Hùng kings following Bửu Lang took that same regnal name of Hùng Diệp Vương to rule over Văn Lang until approximately 1913 B.C.[2]

The burial customs of this period were that the bodies lay straight. But a sick deceased was usually laid to rest curled in the fetal position.[3]

The evidence for early Vietnamese calendar system was recorded on stone tools dating back 2200-2000 BC. Parallel lines were carved on the stone tools as a counting instrument involving the lunar calendar.[4]

Sometimes around 2000 B.C., the Phùng Nguyên culture arose and lasted about 1000 years.[5] At the end of its time, it must have overlapped with the cultures of the later period.[5]

Also during this time, population from the mountainous areas moved out and began to settle in the open along the rivers to join the agricultural activities.[5] The slash-and-burn method was introduced to create fields.[5] In addition, the population started to raise their own animals.[5] Archaeologists had discovered the remains of domesticated animals.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Another name is "Bảo Lang".
  2. ^ Another spellings for the name are "Hùng Việp Vương" and "Hùng Hoa Vương".
  1. ^ Nguyễn Khắc Thuần 2008, p. 14-15.
  2. ^ a b Biệt Lam Trần Huy Bá. (article title unknown). Nguồn Sáng magazine 23 - 1998.
  3. ^ Ancient Bones That Tell a Story of Compassion. Retrieved 2014-01-02.
  4. ^ Ancient calendar unearthed. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Nguyen Ba Khoach 1978

Bibliography[edit]

  • Nguyen Ba Khoach (1978). "Phung Nguyen". ScholarSpace - University of Hawaii.
  • Nguyễn Khắc Thuần (2008). Thế thứ các triều vua Việt Nam. Giáo Dục Publisher.