21 November 1949|
|Died||11 April 2017(aged 67)|
|Education||Electronical and computer engineer|
|Known for||Ecological Involvement|
|Spouse(s)||"a Swiss woman"|
Chaïm Nissim (21 November 1949 in Jerusalem, Israel – 11 April 2017 in Switzerland) was a Jew activist, ecological militant and perpetrator of the rocket attack of 18 January 1982 on the Superphénix nuclear plant, and Green politician.
Chaïm Nissim was born in Jerusalem, Israel in 1949 to the family of a Jewish banker. He was raised and studied in Israel up to the age of 14, when his father was appointed director of an Israeli bank and his family moved to Geneva, Switzerland. Nissim obtained a degree in electronical and computer engineering at the EPFL in 1973.
Activist background and attack on Superphénix
For ten years, Nissim, believing that fast breeder reactor "can explode with their fast neutrons", did everything he could to stop the construction of the Superphénix nuclear plant, including training himself for underground guerilla, notably sabotaging electricity pylons with explosives.
On 18 January 1982, Nissim fired five rockets on the Superphénix nuclear plant, then under construction. Five rocket-propelled grenades were launched at the incomplete containment building – two hit and caused damage, missing the reactor's empty core.
Nissim states that:
|“||I know that it might sound odd to consider rockets as a non-violent mean of action. However, we took every imaginable precaution to be certain that no worker was at risk of being hit, therefore we committed a non-violent attack.||”|
He further stated:
|“||These attacks were part of a general movement in which each little piece had its importance. People fired rockets, myself for instance. We had found a bazooka by German terrorists and we fired it. We failed, as the closest rocket missed the important part that we targeted by one metre. It was nevertheless quite beautiful. And, symbolically, it was a token contribution to the larger movement.||”|
Notes and references
- "Chaïm Nissim, qui avait tiré à la roquette sur Creys-Malville, est décédé", Radio télévision suisse, 12 April 2017 (page visited on 12 April 2017).
- Marc Moulin, "Chaïm Nissim, l’ultime bravade d’un jusqu’au-boutiste", Tribune de Genève, 12 April 2017 (page visited on 12 April 2017).
- Chaim Nissim Archived 10 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine., biography on Chaim Nissim's blog
- "les surgénérateurs comme Creys-Malville, qui, avec leurs neutrons rapides, peuvent faire explosion" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2009.
- Archived 31 December 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
- An industry incapable of adapting to the post-9/11 world, global-chance.org
- RETOUR SUR MALVILLE, CHAIM NISSIM A CŒUR OUVERT
- Chaïm Nissim, L'amour et le monstre : roquettes contre Creys-Malville, Lausanne, Paris, Favre, 2004
- See also this TV broadcast
- Noé 21 webpage
- noe21 members Archived November 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.