Chabad affiliated organizations

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Chabad affiliated organizations and institutions number in the thousands. Chabad is a Hasidic movement, a branch of Orthodox Judaism. The organizations and institutions associated with the movement provide social, educational and religious services to Jews around the globe.

Chabad organizations[edit]

Chabad organizations include individual organizations, central and umbrella organizations, and independent organizations.

Chabad's central organization representing the movement at large, Agudas Chasidei Chabad, is headed by Rabbi Yehuda Krinsky. The educational and outreach arm, Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch, is also headed by Krinsky. Other central organizations include Lubavitch Youth Organization and Mahane Israel.

Local Chabad centers and institutions are often incorporated as separate legal entities.[1]

Agudas Chasidei Chabad[edit]

Agudas Chassidei Chabad (Union of Chabad Chasidim or Association of Chabad Chassidim also known by its initials "Aguch") is the umbrella organization for the worldwide Chabad-Lubavitch movement. Aguch oversees the other Chabad central organizations such as Machneh Israel and Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch. The chairman of the Executive Committee is Rabbi Abraham Shemtov.

The organization's divisions include:

Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch[edit]

Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch – Founded in 1942, Merkos, as it is commonly known, is Chabad's educational arm, with several divisions:[2]

Machne Israel[edit]

Affiliated organizations[edit]

Other organizations affiliated with the movement include:

  • Tomchei Temimim – The central organization administering Chabad yeshivas. Founded in 1897, Tomchei Temimim is older than Agudas Chasidei Chabad, but nevertheless is overseen by it as are all central chabad institutions.
  • Vaad Talmidei Hatmimim Haolami – The central student organization serving the worldwide Chabad Lubavitch Yeshiva network. Founded in 2001, the Vaad is under the auspices of the Yeshiva faculty.
  • Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia and Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS – The central organizations representing Russian Jewry. These organizations are run by Chabad emissaries and their supporters, however, the organizations are not overeen by Agudas Chasidei Chabad.
  • Menachem Education Foundation (MEF)
  • Friendship Circle - charity for children and young people with special needs
  • Chabad Teen Network or CTeen is a global family of Jewish teens, dedicated to changing the world through acts of goodness and kindness. Through a fusion of fun, friendship building events, humanitarian outreach, mitzvah observance, and engaging Torah study, teens are empowered to actualize their inner infinite potential, while cultivating a strong sense of Jewish identity, pride, mission, and love of G‑d.[4]

Chabad institutions[edit]

As of 2007 there are 3,300 Chabad institutions around the world.[5][6][7] As of 2006 there were Chabad centers in 75 countries.[8]

Listed on the Chabad movement's online directory are around 1,350 Chabad institutions. This number includes schools and other Chabad-affiliated establishments. The number of Chabad centers vary per country; the majority are in the United States and Israel (see table). There are over 40 countries which have a small Chabad presence (not listed in the table). In total, according to its directory, Chabad maintains a presence in 950 cities around the world: 178 in Europe, 14 in Africa, 200 in Israel, 400 in North America, 38 in South America, and about 70 in Asia (excluding Israel, including Russia).[9]

Chabad institutions by geographic region[edit]

Chabad institutions are spread throughout the globe, with the largest concentration being in the United States.

Chabad institutions in Europe[edit]

There are 465 Chabad institutions in Europe. The majority are in France, Russia, Ukraine and the United Kingdom.[10]

Country Chabad institutions
 Armenia 1
 Austria 13
 Azerbaijan 3
 Belarus 7
 Belgium 5
 Bulgaria 1
 Croatia 1
 Czech Republic 1
 Denmark 1
 Estonia 1
 France 125
 Finland 1
 Georgia 1
 Germany 14
 Greece 3
 Hungary 3
 Ireland 1
 Italy 19
 Latvia 1
 Lithuania 2
 Luxembourg 1
 Malta 1
 Moldova 1
 Netherlands 14
 Norway 1
 Poland 1
 Romania 1
 Russia 91
 Serbia 1
 Slovakia 2
 Spain 4
 Sweden 3
  Switzerland 9
 Ukraine 62
 United Kingdom 51
Total 465

Chabad institutions in Asia[edit]

There are 616 Chabad institutions in Asia. The majority are in Israel.[11][12]

Country Chabad institutions
 Cambodia 1
 China 8
 Cyprus 2
 India 3
 Israel 573
 Japan 2
 Kazakhstan 5
 Korea 1
 Kyrgyzstan 1
 Laos 1
   Nepal 1
 North Cyprus 1
 Singapore 1
 Thailand 8
 Turkey 2
 Uzbekistan 5
Total 616

Chabad institutions in Oceania[edit]

There are 67 Chabad institutions in Oceania. The majority are in Australia.[13]

Country Chabad institutions
 Australia 65
 New Zealand 2
Total 67

Chabad institutions in Africa[edit]

There are 27 Chabad institutions in Africa. The majority are in South Africa.[14]

Country Chabad institutions
 Democratic Republic of Congo 1
 Angola 1
 Ghana 1
Morocco 3
 Nigeria 1
 South Africa 19
 Tunisia 1
Total 27

Chabad institutions in North America[edit]

There are 1,174 Chabad institutions in North America. The majority are in Canada and the United States.[15][16]

Country Chabad institutions
 Canada 110
 Costa Rica 1
 Dominican Republic 1
 Guatemala 1
 Cayman Islands 1
 United States 1,060
Total 1,174

Chabad institutions in South America[edit]

There are 80 Chabad institutions in South America. The majority are in Brazil and Argentina.[17]

Country Chabad institutions
 Argentina 35
 Bolivia 1
 Brazil 35
 Chile 2
 Colombia 2
 Ecuador 1
 Paraguay 1
 Peru 1
 Uruguay 1
 Venezuela 1
Total 80

Chabad Houses[edit]

A Chabad House is a form of Jewish community center, primarily serving both educational and observance purposes.[18] Often, until the community can support its own center, the Chabad House is located in the shaliach's home, with the living room being used as the "synagogue". Effort is made to provide an atmosphere in which the nonobservant will not feel intimidated by any perceived contrast between their lack of knowledge of Jewish practice and the advanced knowledge of some of the people they meet there.[19] The term "Chabad House" originated with the creation of the first such outreach center on the campus of UCLA by Rabbi Shlomo Cunin.[20]

In the 2008 Mumbai attacks, the local Chabad House was targeted.[21][22] The local Chabad emissaries, Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg and his wife Rivka, and four other Jews were brutally murdered. Chabad received condolences from around the world.[23]

Fundraising[edit]

Funds for activities of a Chabad center rely entirely on the local community. Chabad centers do not receive funding from Lubavitch headquarters. For the day-to-day operations, local emissaries do all the fundraising by themselves.

Chabad emissaries often solicit the support of local Jews.[24] Funds are used toward purchasing or renovating Chabad centers, synagogues and Mikvahs.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burstein, Paul. "Jewish Nonprofit Organizations in the U.S.: A Preliminary Survey". Contemporary Jewry. 31:2. (2011): pp. 129-148.
  2. ^ a b Lubavitch.com. "Divisions". Lubavitch.com. http://lubavitch.com/departments.html
  3. ^ 2009 fundraising letter
  4. ^ www.cteen.com/
  5. ^ Gelbwasser, Michael, Sun Chronicle, March 31, 2007
  6. ^ Religion today, by Emily Fredrix, December 6, 2007 Associated Press
  7. ^ About Chabad-Lubavitch on the official Chabad website, Chabad.org.
  8. ^ Drake, Carolyn (February 2006). "A Faith Grows in Brooklyn". National Geographic.
  9. ^ "The directory of Chabad Institutions throughout the world". Chabad.org. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
  10. ^ Lubavitch centers in Europe
  11. ^ Lubavitch centers in Asia
  12. ^ Lubavitch centers in the Middle East
  13. ^ Lubavitch centers in Australia
  14. ^ Lubavitch centers in Africa
  15. ^ Lubavitch centers in North America
  16. ^ Lubavitch centers in the Caribbean
  17. ^ Lubavitch centers in South America
  18. ^ The New York Times, December 16, 2005.
  19. ^ "Passover Seders Around the World", Associated Press, March 19, 2007.
  20. ^ Challenge
  21. ^ Jewish Center Is Stormed, and 6 Hostages Die
  22. ^ Joshua RunyanNov 30, 2008 (2008-11-30). "Funeral Preparations for Chabad House Victims Under Way". Chabad.org. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
  23. ^ Obama sends condolences to Chabad, Jewish Telegraph Agency (JTA), December 4, 2008.
  24. ^ M. Avrum Ehrlich. The Messiah of Brooklyn: Understanding Lubavitch Hasidim Past and Present. p. 134.
  25. ^ Fishkoff, Sue, ‘’The Rebbe’s Army’’, Schoken books 2003 (ISBN 08052 11381) pages 160–161.