Chabi

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Empress Chabi
YuanEmpressAlbumChabi.jpg
Predecessor Empress Quan
Tegulen
Successor Empress Nambui
Born 1225
Died 20 March 1281(1281-03-20) (aged 56)
Spouse Kublai Khan
Issue Zhenjin, Crown Prince Mingxiao
Posthumous name
Empress Zhaorui Shunsheng 昭睿順聖皇后
Father Anchen of the Onggirat tribe
Religion Nestorian Christianity, previously Buddhism

Empress Chabi (1225[1]–1281) was a Khongirad empress consort of the Yuan dynasty in China, married to Kublai Khan. As such, she was the wife to the Mongol Khagan who had conquered all of China in the 1270s.

Life[edit]

According to "The Secret History of the Mongols", Chabi was the favorite wife of Kublai and a valued unofficial adviser throughout his reign. She was a patron of the arts and may have played a key role in advancing the interests of the young Venetian traveler, Marco Polo. It is suspected that Chabi herself may have come under Christian influence, like her mother-in-law, Sorghaghtani.

Empress Chabi exemplified the high role of women in Mongol culture. As Kublai's wife and advisor, she was an important political and diplomatic influence, especially in pleasing the Chinese masses through reconciliation. Chabi promoted Buddhism in the high levels of government. She suggested the better treatment of the north Chinese imperial family in order to appease the people. Chabi also helped Kublai prevent the conversion of Chinese cultivating land into Mongol pastures, out of respect to the Chinese people. Chabi and Kublai's combined cosmopolitan views were effective at adopting Chinese culture without being overwhelmed by it. Chabi converted to Nestorian Christianity under the influence of her mother-in-law, Sorgaghtani Beki and after Chabi's conversion, Nestorianism was fast spread around China . With Chabi's help, Kublai was able to control his ambitious brother and the potentially unruly Chinese scholar-gentry and peasantry.

Sources[edit]

  • Stearns, Peter N.; Michael Adas; Stuart B. Schwartz; Marc Jason Gilbert (2011). "14 • The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur". World Civilizations: The Global Experience AP* Edition (6th ed.). pp. 327–328. ISBN 0-13-136020-5. 
  • factsanddetails.com/asian/cat65/sub423/entry-5241.html
Preceded by
Tegulen
Consort of Kublai Khan
1260–1281
Succeeded by
Nambui
Preceded by
Chubei
Khatun of the Mongols
1260–1281
Preceded by
Empress Quan (Song dynasty)
Empress of Yuan
1274–1281
  1. ^ Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women, Volume II:Tang Through Ming 618-1644: "Chabui, c. 1225-1281 (Mongol and Yuan dynasties). Was the most senior, although not the first, wife of Quibilai Khan (1215-1294)"