Chaco National Park is a national park of Argentina, located in the province of Chaco. It has an area of 150 km². It was created in 1954 in order to protect a sample of the Eastern Chaco, composed mainly of warm lowlands, with an annual summer rainfall between 750 and 1,300 mm.
This park is a protected area for the
quebracho trees. Forests of quebracho colorado chaqueño ( ) were once located in the north of Schinopsis balansae Santa Fe and the western half of Chaco, and had entered the northeast region of the province of Corrientes. Its strong wood and its abundant tannin caused it to be over-exploited for a century.
The area harbors several environments:
scrubland, savanna, swamps, and small lakes. The scrubland is the habitat of the red quebracho ( ), white quebracho ( Schinopsis lorentzii ), algarrobo ( Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco ), and lapacho ( Prosopis alba spp.), all of which are commercially valuable species. The fauna includes large predators such as Tabebuia cougars. In the lakes one finds Yacare Caimans and Capybaras. Elsewhere there are armadillos, South American Tapirs and Plains Viscachas, as well as birds (more than 340 species). The fauna also includes the Black Howler Monkey ( ). Alouatta caraya
Indigenous communities of the
Mocoví and Toba peoples are found in the protected area.
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