Chad–Romania relations were established on 15 July 1969. However, neither country has an embassy in the other's capital, and although an agreement on trade was signed in 1969, followed by an agreement on economic and technical cooperation in 1971, as of 2007[update], the volume of bilateral trade remained insignificant.
In November 2007 Romania announced that they would deploy 120 troops to Chad and the Central African Republic in connection with a European Union peacekeeping mission there. Romania continued to condemn violence in Chad and blamed it on rebel groups. However, by mid-2008, Romanian defence minister Teodor Meleșcanu indicated that his country would not send further troops to the mission in Chad, stating that they had reached their limits and did not want involvement in a war theatre.
In December 2008 Romanian national Marin Cioroianu was arrested in Harghita County, Romania in connection with the July 2007 murder of Brahim Déby, the son of Chadian president Idriss Déby, in a Paris parking garage. Déby's attackers had shot arrows at him, tackled him, and attacked him with fire extinguisher foam, leading to death by asphyxiation. DNA in a glove taken from Cioroianu's car matched DNA collected at the murder scene. However, due to Interpol's French office lacking funds to pay for his extradition to France, Cioroianu remained in custody in Romania.
Similarities of flags
The flags of Romania and Chad are identical aside from the blue strip on the left, which is slightly darker in the Chadian flag. Romania used the flag from 1866, while in that form apeared for the first time in Wallachia, being officially in use in 1848. Chad began to use its present flag in 1960, after it achieved independence from France. At that time, the Chad and Romanian flags were distinguishable by the Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Romania at the Romanian flag's centre, put on the flag in 1948, after Romania suffered a coup by USSR and become a puppet of USSR. However, in 1989, the coat of arms was removed entirely after the revolution which overthrew Nicolae Ceaușescu.
In 2004 there were unconfirmed media reports that Chad had called on the United Nations to look into the issue, prompting then-Romanian president Ion Iliescu to make a public statement that his country would not give up the flag. BBC News quoted Iliescu as stating that "The tricolour belongs to us. We will not give up the tricolour."
- Republica CIAD, Romania: Minister of Foreign Affairs, May 2008, retrieved 2009-03-26
- "Romanian prime minister approves mission to Chad", EUBusiness.com, AFP, 2008-01-30, archived from the original on 2008-02-19, retrieved 2009-03-26
- "Romanian Foreign Ministry concerned about developments in Chad", BBC News, 2008-02-05, retrieved 2009-03-26
- "Romania not sending troops to 2009 EU Chad mission", BBC News, 2008-07-01, retrieved 2009-03-26
- "Romanian Suspect Arrested In Killing Of Chad Leader's Son", Mediafax, 2008-12-09, retrieved 2009-03-26
- "Marin Cioroianu contestă arestarea sa în cazul asasinării fiului preşedintelui Ciadului (Marin Cioroianu contests arrest in murder of Chad president's son)", Mediafax, 2008-12-28, retrieved 2009-03-26
- "'Identical flag' causes flap in Romania", BBC News, 2004-04-14, retrieved 2009-03-26
- Statement about the flag issue from the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Romanian)