Chadds Ford Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

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Chadds Ford Township,
Barn at Kuerner Farm
Barn at Kuerner Farm
Location of Delaware County in the state of Pennsylvania.
Location of Delaware County in the state of Pennsylvania.
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Coordinates: 39°52′29″N 75°33′15″W / 39.87472°N 75.55417°W / 39.87472; -75.55417Coordinates: 39°52′29″N 75°33′15″W / 39.87472°N 75.55417°W / 39.87472; -75.55417
CountryUnited States
 • Total8.72 sq mi (22.59 km2)
 • Land8.66 sq mi (22.43 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
315 ft (96 m)
 • Total3,640
 • Estimate 
 • Density431.18/sq mi (166.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)610 and 484
FIPS code42-045-12442
FIPS code42-045-12442
GNIS feature ID1216378

Chadds Ford Township is an affluent township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. It is located about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Philadelphia. Prior to 1996, Chadds Ford Township was known as Birmingham Township; the name was changed to allow the township to correspond to both its census-designated place and to distinguish itself from the adjacent Birmingham Township in Chester County.[3] As of the 2010 census, Chadds Ford Township had a population of 3,640,[4] up from 3,170 at the 2000 census.

Chadds Ford was home to N.C. Wyeth, his son Andrew Wyeth, and grandson Jamie Wyeth. The Brandywine Battlefield (site of the Battle of Brandywine) is located in the township, along with the Brandywine River Museum, which houses much of the Wyeth collection. Weldon Brinton Heyburn (1852–1912), a U.S. senator from Idaho, was born in Chadds Ford.


The original name of the township, Birmingham, was given to the territory by William Brinton in remembrance of the town of the same name in England.[5]

Historic American Buildings Survey, DRAWN BY C.P. THOLEY. - Joseph Gilpin House, U.S. Route 1 (Birmingham Township), Chadds Ford, Delaware County, PA HABS PA,23-CHAF.V,1-11

Frances Chadsey, or Chads, improperly spelled Chadd, emigrated from Wiltshire, England in 1689 and lived in Chichester Township until 1696 when his name first appeared in the Birmingham Township tax records.

On September 11, 1777, the house owned by George Gilpin was occupied by General Howe of the British Army during the Battle of Brandywine.[6] The local significance of the battle is such that a 1940 guidebook noted that "a local barber displays a large sign: 'This is where Washington and Lafayette had a close shave.'"[7]

The Chad House, Chadds Ford Historic District, Gilpin Homestead and William Painter Farm are all listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


The township is the westernmost in Delaware County and is bordered to the west by Chester County, to the south by the state of Delaware, and to the east by Concord Township. The southern border of Chadds Ford Township is part of the Twelve-Mile Circle border between Delaware and Pennsylvania. Brandywine Creek forms the western boundary of the township (and of Delaware County).

The village of Chadds Ford is in the northwest part of the township, and a small piece of Dilworthtown is in the northern corner of the township.

U.S. Route 1 (Baltimore Pike) runs through the northern part of the township and intersects U.S. Routes 202 and 322 at Painters Crossroads on the township's eastern border. US 1 leads southwest toward Maryland, while US 202 leads south to Wilmington, Delaware, and US 322 leads east to Chester. US 202 and 322 together lead north to West Chester.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.70%, is water.[4]


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cool to cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Chadds Ford Township is on the border of the humid subtropical climate and humid continental climate. Of these two climate zones, Chadds Ford has much more in common with the humid continental climate.[8] The hardiness zone is 7a. [1] Average monthly temperatures in the village center of Chadds Ford range from 31.5 °F in January to 75.9 °F in July. [2]


Historical population
Census Pop.

As of Census 2010, the racial makeup of the township was 89.4% White, 1.4% African American, 0.0% Native American, 7.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population [3][dead link].

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 3,170 people, 1,314 households, and 910 families residing in the township. The population density was 364.2 people per square mile (140.7/km2). There were 1,338 housing units at an average density of 153.7/sq mi (59.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.27% White, 1.07% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.78% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population.

There were 1,314 households, out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the township the population was spread out, with 21.8% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $84,100, and the median income for a family was $100,795. Males had a median income of $79,650 versus $34,219 for females. The per capita income for the township was $52,974. About 4.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.


Rachel Kohl Library serves Chadds Ford Township.[11]

Chadds Ford Township lies within the Unionville-Chadds Ford School District.[12]

Notable people[edit]

Points of interest[edit]


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Chadds Ford Township - History". Chadds Ford Township. 2010. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2015. After many years of confusion over distinguishing its identity from Birmingham, Chester County, a number of residents of Birmingham, Delaware County, requested the board of supervisors to pass a resolution seeking a change of name from Birmingham Township to Chadds Ford Township.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chadds Ford township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  5. ^ Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1883). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 311. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  6. ^ Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1883). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 313. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  7. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). Pennsylvania: A Guide to the Keystone State (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 417.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Editing Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania
  9. ^ "Census 2020".
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "About Us." Kohl Library. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  12. ^ "Home - Chadds Ford Elementary School".

External links[edit]