|Elevation||801 ft (244 m)|
|Area||0.31 sq mi (1 km2)|
|- land||0.31 sq mi (1 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||1,595.5 / sq mi (616 / km2)|
|Incorporated||Approximately 1853. (Incorporation approved Sept. 26, 1882.)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Chadwick, Illinois|
As of the census of 2000, there were 505 people, 210 households, and 150 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,595.5 people per square mile (609.3/km²). There were 228 housing units at an average density of 720.3 per square mile (275.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.22% White, 0.20% Asian, 0.79% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.
There were 210 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the village the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $39,583, and the median income for a family was $44,773. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $23,594 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,617. About 10.4% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.
The city of Chadwick and surrounding rural area are a part of a consolidation with neighboring Milledgeville, with the K-3 and High School being in the Milledgeville School building and 4th-8th grades at the Chadwick school building, therefore, forming the Chadwick-Milledgeville Community Unit District #399. The school district's website is www.dist399.net and the Chadwick school mascot is the Silver Streaks.
Chadwick is the youngest community in Carroll County and had its beginnings circa 1853 when Jacob Isenhart built the first house on the prairie.
In 1866, when the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad extended its line from Aurora to Savanna, no provision was made for town sites, so the St. Paul Land Company was organized to acquire land along the right-of-way. The company decided that 60 acres (240,000 m2) which comprised the original town site and belonged to Alexander Snow of Lanark would be an ideal location. The Land Company offered the Snows $100 per acre but Lanark merchants had persuaded the Snows that their land was worth $125; neither party would yield. When the land company started looking elsewhere the farmers in the community raised $1,500, to make up the difference. The land company named the new town Chadwick in honor of one of its officials. The original plot of the town was filed for record on April 12, 1886.
Decreasing population caused a call to incorporate the town. Incorporation papers for Chadwick were approved on Sept. 26, 1882. Following incorporation a village board was elected and a police magistrate and marshal appointed.
The first railroad station was a manure spreader on the south side of the track equipped with the necessary wiring and telegraph instruments for receiving and sending messages on the movement of trains. A new station was built in 1887. Frank Lacy was the first agent but was a telegraph operator only. There were no tickets for sale and passengers paid their fares on the train. The station was enlarged in 1926.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- The Daily Gazette, Sterling Illinois, July 1, 1976