Not to be confused with
, papaya, which, like
, is sometimes called
(commonly known as Chaenomeles speciosa flowering quince, Chinese quince, or Japanese quince, or as [2 ] zhou pi mugua in [3 ] traditional Chinese medicine ) is a thorny [4 ] deciduous or semi- evergreen shrub native to eastern Asia. It is taller than another commonly cultivated species, , usually growing to about 2 m (6 ft 7 in). C. japonica The flowers are usually red, but may be white or pink, and the fruit is a fragrant but hard [2 ] pome that resembles a quince. [2 ]
Cultivation [ edit ]
This plant is widely cultivated in
temperate regions for its twining habit and its showy flowers which appear early in the season - occasionally even in midwinter. It is frequently used as an informal low hedge. Numerous cultivars with flowers in shades of white, pink and red have been selected. The following cultivars and hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-
[5 ] 'Moorloosei'
[6 ] 'Crimson and Gold'
'Knap Hill Scarlet'
[8 ] 'Nicoline'
[9 ] 'Pink Lady'
Ethnomedical uses [ edit ]
The fruit has been part of
traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for thousands of years, used to treat arthritis, leg edema, and cramping in the calf muscle.
Pharmacology [ edit ]
A constituent of its extract has been found to be an
effective and selective dopamine reuptake inhibitor (DRI). [11 ]
See also [ edit ]
( Pseudocydonia Chaenomeles sinensis), also called mugua and "Chinese quince," and also extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine
Papaya, a tropical fruit that shares the name mugua
, Scutellaria baicalensis Huáng qín ( Chinese: ) another traditional Chinese herb that also contains a dopamine reuptake inhibitor 黄 芩
References and external links [ edit ]