Chaenomeles speciosa

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Chaenomeles speciosa
Chaenomeles lagenaria3.jpg
Flowers of C. speciosa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Chaenomeles
Species: C. speciosa
Binomial name
Chaenomeles speciosa
(Sweet) Nak.
Synonyms[1]

Chaenomeles speciosa (commonly known as flowering quince, Chinese quince, or Japanese quince;[2] in the context of in traditional Chinese medicine known as zhou pi mugua[3][4]) is a thorny deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub native to eastern Asia. It is taller than another commonly cultivated species, C. japonica, usually growing to about 2 m (6 ft 7 in).[2] The flowers are usually red, but may be white or pink. The fruit is a fragrant but hard pome that resembles a quince.[2]

Cultivation[edit]

Chaenomeles speciosa by Abraham Jacobus Wendel, 1868

This plant is widely cultivated in temperate regions for its twining habit and its showy flowers which appear early in the season, occasionally even in midwinter. It is frequently used as an informal low hedge. Numerous cultivars with flowers in shades of white, pink and red have been selected. The following cultivars and hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[5]

  • 'Geisha Girl'[6]
  • 'Moorloosei'[7]
  • 'Crimson and Gold'[8]

Research[edit]

A constituent of its extract was found in vitro to be an effective and selective dopamine reuptake inhibitor.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". 
  2. ^ a b c Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  3. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Subhuti Dharmananda 2005. "Chaenomeles: A relaxing and strengthening fruit" in Institute for Traditional Medicine database [1]
  5. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 16. Retrieved 24 January 2018. 
  6. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Geisha Girl' (d) | Japanese quince 'Geisha Girl'/RHS Gardening". RHS - Inspiring everyone to grow / RHS Gardening. UK: The Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Moerloosei' (d) | Japanese quince 'Moerloosei'/RHS Gardening". RHS - Inspiring everyone to grow / RHS Gardening. UK: The Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Crimson and Gold' (d) | Japanese quince 'Crimson and Gold'/RHS Gardening". RHS - Inspiring everyone to grow / RHS Gardening. UK: The Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  9. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Knap Hill Scarlet' (d) | Japanese quince 'Knap Hill Scarlet'/RHS Gardening". RHS - Inspiring everyone to grow / RHS Gardening. UK: The Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  10. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Nicoline' (d) | Japanese quince 'Nicoline'/RHS Gardening". RHS - Inspiring everyone to grow / RHS Gardening. UK: The Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  11. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Pink Lady' (d) | Japanese quince 'Pink Lady'/RHS Gardening". RHS - Inspiring everyone to grow / RHS Gardening. UK: The Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  12. ^ Zhao G, Jiang ZH, Zheng XW, Zang SY, Guo LH (2008). "Dopamine transporter inhibitory and antiparkinsonian effect of common flowering quince extract". Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 90 (3): 363–71. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2008.03.014. PMID 18485464. 

External links[edit]