Hundred of Chafford

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Chafford Hundred
Essex Hundreds 1830.png
Area
 • 1870 35,712 acres (144.52 km2)
 • 1887 34,703 acres (140.44 km2)
Population
 • 1870 16,001[1]
 • 1887 23,839[2]
History
 • Created Anglo-Saxon
 • Abolished no administrative or legal role after 1886, but never formally abolished.
 • Succeeded by various, see text
Status hundred
 • HQ Chafford Heath

Chafford was an ancient hundred in the south west of the county of Essex, England.[3] Its area has been partly absorbed by the growth of London; with its name reused for the modern housing development of Chafford Hundred. Its former area now corresponds to part of the London Borough of Havering in Greater London and parts of the districts of Brentwood and Thurrock in Essex.

History[edit]

Hundred meetings are thought to have taken place in Chafford Heath[4] (grid reference TQ564836) in the southern part of the ecclesiastical parish of Upminster.

The hundred contained the parishes of Aveley, Brentwood, Childerditch, Cranham, Grays Thurrock, Great Warley, Little Warley, North Ockendon, Rainham, South Ockendon, South Weald, Stifford, Upminster, Wennington and West Thurrock.[5]

It bordered Ongar hundred to the north, Barstable hundred to the east and Havering liberty to the west. The River Thames formed a 7-mile (11 km) boundary with Kent to the south.[5] The hundred covered a narrow area stretching 12 miles (19 km) northwards from the river.[1]

Replacement[edit]

The hundreds of England declined in administrative use because of the rise of various ad-hoc boards. By 1894 they were effectively replaced by a system of uniform local government districts, which were consolidated over time and finally replaced by the London boroughs (1965) and non-metropolitan districts (1974), further change occurred in 1998 when Thurrock became a unitary authority.

Parish District Today
Aveley Orsett Rural District Thurrock
Brentwood Billericay Rural District Brentwood
Childerditch Billericay Rural District Brentwood
Cranham Romford Rural District Havering
Grays Thurrock Grays Thurrock Urban District Thurrock
Great Warley Romford Rural District Brentwood
Little Warley Billericay Rural District Brentwood
North Ockendon Romford Rural District Havering
Rainham Romford Rural District Havering
South Ockendon Orsett Rural District Thurrock
South Weald Billericay Rural District Brentwood
Stifford Orsett Rural District Thurrock
Upminster Romford Rural District Havering
Wennington Romford Rural District Havering
West Thurrock Orsett Rural District Thurrock

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b IGEW John Marius Wilson: Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)
  2. ^ John Bartholomew, Gazetteer of the British Isles, (1887)
  3. ^ Vision of Britain - Chafford hundred (historic map)
  4. ^ History of the County of Essex: Volume 7, Chafford hundred: Introduction, (1978)
  5. ^ a b British History Online - Map of Chafford Hundred c. 1845

Coordinates: 51°31′47″N 0°15′12″E / 51.52965°N 0.25332°E / 51.52965; 0.25332