The Chagatai (also Chagatai Tajiks or Tajik Chagatai) are one of the Tajik peoples of Uzbekistan. The Chagatai live in the Surxondaryo Province in south-east Uzbekistan and in southern Tajikistan. They numbered 63,500 in 1924-25. Together with the Kharduri, the Chagatai are one of the ethnographic groups of Tajiks who maintain a distinct identity. The origin of the people is unknown, although the name Chagatai is of Mongol origin, as Chagatai was a son of Genghis Khan.
The Turkic Chagatai language is not the language of the Chagatai Tajiks.
- Ronald Wixman (1984). The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 41, 183. ISBN 978-0-87332-506-6.
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