Chaim Elazar Spira
Chaim Elazar Spira
Chaim Elazar Spira
December 17, 1868
|Spouse||Rochel Perl, daughter of Yakov Moshe Safrin of Komarno|
|Children||Chaya Fruma ("Frima") Rifka Spira|
|Predecessor||Tzvi Hirsch Spira|
|Successor||Baruch Yehoshua Yerachmiel Rabinovich|
|Main work||Minchas Elozor|
Spira was born in Strzyżów, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, Austria-Hungary, now part of Poland, where his grandfather, Shlomo Spira, was a rabbi. Chaim Elazar's father, Tzvi Hersh Spira, was from Spira family which had held rabbinical positions in Munkács dating back to the founder of the Munkács Hasidic dynasty, Tzvi Elimelech Spira of Dinov (Bnei Yisoschor), who was Chief Rabbi from 1828 to 1832.
Spira became Chief Justice of the Rabbinical Court in Munkács in 1903, where he worked along with his father until the latter died in 1913. He succeeded his father as Chief Rabbi of Munkács and the surrounding communities.
Spira wrote and published over twenty books on the Jewish law, Torah, Hasidism, and religious philosophy and customs including the six-volume Minchas Elazar. He opposed political Zionism and the Agudat Yisrael.
Spira established elementary schools under the name "Machzike Torah."
Journey to Jerusalem
In 1930, Spira visited Palestine for a thirteen-day trip to visit the elderly kabbalist Solomon Eliezer Alfandari (known as the Saba Kadisha, "Holy Grandfather") and also to visit with his followers in Palestine.
He met with Alfandari for long hours behind closed doors over the span of a week. While Spira was in Jerusalem Alfandari died.
Details of the trip were recorded in a book written by a disciple of Spira's, Moshe Goldstein, who was one of those accompanying the Rebbe on his trip. The book was reprinted several times in Hebrew and Yiddish, and was translated to English in 2009 by Artscroll Publications.
Wedding of daughter in 1933
Spira died in 1937 and was succeeded as Chief Rabbi by his son-in-law Baruch Yehoshua Yerachmiel Rabinowicz, Spira's only daughter Frima's husband, who was chief rabbi until the Nazi occupation of Munkács in 1944.
Spira's gravesite in the Munkács Jewish Cemetery dresses pilgrims, especially on the anniversary of his death on the third day in the month of Sivan.
- "Munkacz's Nine Minutes of Fame". Mishpacha. June 6, 2012.
... the wedding of the Minchas Elazar's only daughter, Chaya Fruma Rivka 17 Adar – March 15, 1933
- "A Jewish Community in the Carpathian Mountains- The Story of ..."
... from across Europe and overseas for the wedding ... of Rabbi Baruch Rabinowitz and Chaya Frima
- it says so on his monument (shown below)
- C. B. Weinfeld (2017). A Tapestry of Stars. pp. 343–352. ISBN 978-1-4226-1902-5.
- "Munkatsh Hasidic Dynasty".
- Note spelling Shapira. "Chassidic Rebbe Biographies". AscentOfSafed.com.
Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech Shapira of Dinov (1785 - 18 Teves, 1841), a renowned ...
- "Rabbi Chaim Elazar Shapira". YadVashem.org.
... chief rabbi and head of the Beit Din ... with the passing of his father, ... 1913, Chaim Elazar ...
- H. Rabinowicz (1970). The World of Hasidism. Hartmore House. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-87677-005-4.
- Al Nadler (1994). "The War on Modernity of R. Hayyim Elazar Shapira of Munkacz". Modern Judaism. 14 (3): 233–264. doi:10.1093/mj/14.3.233. JSTOR 1396352.
... by the ultra-conservative hasidic Rabbi of Munkacz ... Shapira ... Zionist .. perceived .. greater threats to ...
- "Esther Spira". MyHeritage.com.
Zvi Hirsh Spira (Darchei Tshuva). ... one son: Chaim Elazar Spira (Minchas Elazar).
- Moshe Goldstein (2009). Journey to Jerusalem: The Historic Visit of the Minchas Eluzar of Munkacs Zt'l to the Saba Kadisha Zt'l. Artscroll Mesorah Publications. ISBN 978-1422608876.
- "Rabbi Moshe Yehuda Leib Rabinowitz Munkatch Rebbe".
R' Baruch Joshua Jerachmeel Rabinovitch served as ... in 1937 until the Nazis occupied Munkacs in 1944.
- "A Letter from the Admor author of 'Minchat Elazar' of Munkacs". March 27, 2017. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
... and established the Batei Munkacs neighborhood.
- "How to get to Batei Munkacs in Israel by Bus".
find the best routes to Batei Munkacs using public transit... updated schedule... bus
- "The Nachlaot Nook - Apartments for Rent in Jerusalem".
Neighborhoods in Nachlaot (plural of nachala, lit. "homestead") include ... Batei Munkacs, ...
- Goldstein, Moshe (2009-01-01). Journey to Jerusalem. ArtScroll. ISBN 978-1-4226-0887-6.
- Aviezer Ravitzky, "Munkacs and Jerusalem: Ultra-Orthodox Opposition to Zionism and Agudaism," Zionism and Religion, eds. Shmuel Almog, Jehuda Reinharz, and Anita Shapira (Hanover and London, 1998), 67-89.